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 In the past few years, increased penetration of wind energy has made more disturbances into electrical power systems. The proper integration of wind turbine models within power system simulations is of great importance for analysis of wind energy penetration and power system performance. This thesis analyzes the impacts of the connection of wind turbines on the operations of weak electric distribution systems. Using an actual feeder located in a rural area, the effects on the voltage profile caused by variable-speed wind turbines are compared to those caused by fixed-speed wind turbines. Simulations are conducted by using the developed models in Matlab/SimulinkKeywords: Wind energy, Variable-speed turbines, Fixed-speed turbines
 目錄中文摘要-------------------------------------------------------------------I英文摘要------------------------------------------------------------------II目 錄-----------------------------------------------------------------III圖目錄-----------------------------------------------------------------V表目錄--------------------------------------------------------------VIII第一章 緒論------------------------------------------------------------- 11.1 研究背景及動機-------------------------------------------------11.2 國內風力發電之發展近況------------------------------------- 21.3 相關研究概況--------------------------------------------------- 41.4 論文組織架構--------------------------------------------------- 5第二章 風力發電系統架構及其對電力系統之影響---------------6 2.1 風力發電理論及特性------------------------------------------- 8 2.2 定速型風力發電機組系統之架構--------------------------- 11 2.3 變速型風力發電機組系統之架構--------------------------- 13 2.4 風力發電機組併聯電力系統之影響------------------------ 16第三章 風力發電併聯電力系統之模擬---------------------------- 24 3.1 感應發電機模擬方程式--------------------------------------- 24 3.2 不同類型風機模型建立--------------------------------------- 30 3.2.1 定速型風機------------------------------------------------ 30 3.2.2 變速型風機------------------------------------------------ 32 3.3 模擬架構及模擬分析之項目--------------------------------- 42第四章 模擬結果及討論--------------------------------------------- 48 4.1 風機併入系統與解聯------------------------------------------ 49 4.1.1 風速高時風機併入系統與解聯------------------------- 49 4.1.2 風速低時風機併入系統與解聯------------------------- 634.2 線路故障對風機運轉之影響--------------------------------- 694.3 風速擾動與風機輸出之關係--------------------------------- 74第五章 結論------------------------------------------------------------79參考文獻------------------------------------------------------------------82
 參考文獻[1]“Press Release: Worldwide wind energy capacity at 39151 MW-7981 MW added in 2003,” World Wind Energy Association.[2]「台灣電力公司再生能源發電系統併聯技術要點」，台灣電力公司，民國九十三年。[3]IEC 61000-3-7, “Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)–Part 3: Limits-Section 7: Assessment of emission limits for fluctuating loads in MV and HV power systems,” October 1996.[4]S. A. Papathanassiou and N. D. Hatziargyriou, “Technical requirements for the connection of dispersed generation to the grid,” in Proc. Power Eng. Soc. Summer Meeting, vol.2, Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 2001, pp. 749-754.[5]http://www.taipower.com.tw/home_6_10.htm，「電源開發」。[6]Jack Park, The Wind Power Book, Cheshire Book, 1981.[7]B. Wolff, H. Meyer, Wind Energy, the Franklin Institute Press, 1978.[8]J. G. Slootweg, S. W. H. de Haan, H. Polinder, W. L. Kling, “Aggregated modeling of wind parks with variable speed wind turbines in power system dynamics simulations,” 14th PSCC, Sevilla, June 2002, pp. 24-28.[9]J. G. Slootweg, H. Polinder, W. L. Kling, “Dynamic modeling of a wind turbine with doubly fed induction generator,” Power Enginnering Society Summer Meeting, 2001, IEEE, Volume:1, July 2001, pp. 15-19.[10]Z. Chen, E. Spooner, “Grid power quality with variable speed wind turbines;” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Volume: 16, Issue: 2 , June 2001, pp. 148–154.[11]L. Holdsworth, X. G. Wu, J. B. Ekanayake, N. Jenkins, “Comparison of Fixed Speed and Doubly-fed Induction Wind turbines during power system disturbances,” IEE Proceedings on Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Volume: 150, Issue: 3 , 13 May 2003.[12]胡忠興，「風力發電併聯於配電系統之規劃研究」，台電工程月刊，民國九十二年十月。[13]S. Muller et al, “Adjustable Speed Generators for Wind Turbines based on Doubly-fed Induction Machines and 4-Quadrant IGBT Converters Linked to the Rotor,” Proceedings of IEEE Industry Applications Conference, Volume: 4, Oct. 2000, pp. 2249-2254.[14]V. Akhmatov, H. Knudsen, “A dymamic stability limit of grid connected induction generators,” Proceedings of IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems, 19th-22nd September 2000, Marbella, Spain.[15]V. Akhmatov, “Electro-mechanical interaction and stability of power grids with windmills,” Proceedings of IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems, 19th-22nd September 2000, Marbella, Spain.[16]J. Usaola, P. Ledesma, “Dynamic incidence of wind turbines in networks with high wind penetration,” Proceedings of Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, 2001, Volume: 2, July 2001, pp. 15-19.[17]V. Akhmativ, H. Knudsen, “Modelling of windmill induction generators in dynamic simulation programs,” International Conference on Electric Power Engineering, 1999. PowerTech Budapest 99, 29 Aug.-2 Sept. 1999.[18]R. C. Dugan, Distributed Generation and Power Quality, McGraw-Hill Book Co. New York, 1996.[19]郭芳楠，林明民，馮輝正，「分散型電源併聯技術要點整合」，第二十四屆電力研討會。[20]L. Holdsworth, N. Jenkins, G. Strbac, “AC-DC Power Transmission,” 2001. Proceedings of IEE Seventh International Conference, 28-30 Nov. 2001, pp. 156–161.[21]C. M. Ong, Dynamic Simulation of Electric Machinery,” by Prentice Hal, 1998.[22]T. Senjyu, N. Sueyoshi, K. Uezato, H. Fujita, “Stability analysis of wind power generating system,” Proceedings of the Power Conversion Conference, 2002. PCC Osaka, Volume: 3, -5 April 2002, pp. 1441–1446.[23]T. Senjyu, N. Sueyoshi, K. Uezato, H. Fujita, “Stability analysis of wind power generating system,” Proceedings of the Power Conversion Conference, 2002. PCC Osaka, Volume: 3, 2-5 April 2002, pp. 1441-1446.[24]M. I. Marei, E. F. El-Saadany, M. M. A. Salama, “Flexible distributed generation: (FDG),” Proceedings of IEEEPower Engineering Society Summer Meeting, 2002, Volume: 1, 21-25 July 2002, pp. 49-53.[25]B. K. Bose, “An adaptive hysteresis band current controller technique of voltage fed PWM inverter for machine drive system,” IEEE Trans. Industry Application Electronics, Vol.37, No.5, Oct. 1990, pp.402-408.[26]M. I. Marei, T. H. M. El-Fouly, E. F. El-Saadany, “A flexible wind energy scheme for voltage compensation and flicker mitigation,” Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2003, IEEE, Volume: 4, 13-17 July 2003, pp. 2497.
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 1 台灣地區風力發電之潛力分析與生命週期評估 2 含風力發電微電網之孤島運轉策略 3 台灣地區離岸式風力發電成本效益分析 4 含風力發電微型電網之孤島運轉與卸載策略 5 新型流道式風力發電機組之研發設計 6 陣風效應對風力機發電量影響之實驗研究 7 含風力發電與靜態同步補償器之微電網運轉研究 8 低壓微型電網動態特性與運轉研究 9 風力發電系統 10 含分散式電源與儲能之微電網運轉研究 11 含風力發電之配電微電網操作策略 12 應用改良式直交粒子群最佳化演算法求解動態負載電壓穩定之研究 13 風力發電併聯配電系統之適應性運轉研究 14 因應分散型電源併網將常閉環路升級為網目型配電系統之規劃設計 15 利用鍵結圖法與PSS/E模擬方法探討風力發電對澎湖電力系統之影響研究

 1 [12] 胡忠興，「風力發電併聯於配電系統之規劃研究」，台電工程月刊，民國九十二年十月。

 1 含風力發電微型電網之孤島運轉與卸載策略 2 含風力發電微電網之孤島運轉策略 3 台灣地區風力發電之潛力分析與生命週期評估 4 風力發電與電力系統倂聯影響研究 5 含分散式發電之微電網系統運轉與控制 6 利用Matlab/Simulink模擬含分散式電源之配電系統穩定度分析 7 考慮模糊風力發電模型之離島發電成本評估 8 含分散式電源與儲能之微電網運轉研究 9 陣風效應對風力機發電量影響之實驗研究 10 風力發電與電力系統倂聯影響研究 11 具多再生能源與儲能設備家用微電網之開發 12 以靜態同步補償器與動態電壓恢復器改善風力發電機低電壓忍受能力之研究 13 含風力發電之配電微電網操作策略 14 應用徑向基底類神經網路於風力發電系統之最大功率控制 15 離岸風力發電以不同傳輸方式連接市電系統之探討

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