跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.172.223.30) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/25 12:35
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:黃浩倫
研究生(外文):Hao-lun Huang
論文名稱:以生物滴濾塔處理油漆製程排氣之操作性能研究
論文名稱(外文):Performance Study on the treatment of VOC Containg Gases from Paint Blending Processes
指導教授:周明顯周明顯引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:環境工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:油漆製程排氣生物滴濾塔
外文關鍵詞:VOCbiotricklingbiofilter
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:812
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:90
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究與高雄臨海工業區之大型油漆廠進行合作,針對該廠所設生物滴濾塔處理揮發性有機廢氣設施,進行效能提升與改善建議。
製程中揮發性有機廢氣濃度變化相當劇烈,經由檢測VOCs濃度由10-1500 ppm,廢氣成分主要為:甲苯、二甲苯、異丁醇以及單甲基丙醚等污染物。且由於原生物滴濾塔濾材填充之高度不足(PVC濾球填充1.5m),以致接觸面積不足,因此本研究以實場模型生物滴濾塔內填充蛇木屑作為原生物滴濾塔之後段處理進行試驗,希望藉此改善原生物滴濾塔處理之效率。
模型生物滴濾塔設備,主要可分為三個部分:1.生物滴濾塔主體,2.廢氣進氣系統,3.循環水系統。生物滴濾塔內尺寸為(0.3 m×0.3 m),總高度1.6 m,以一號蛇木屑為填充濾料(比表面積為150 m2/m3),填充高度1 m;進氣設備則自原生物滴濾塔塔頂以PVC導管連接一5 m3/min的鼓風機抽氣,導入模型生物滴濾塔中;循環水系統方面,則以30 L之透明壓克力為循環水槽,並以一無軸封抽水馬達(4 L/min),抽取循環水至塔頂噴灑。
實驗結果顯示,原生物滴濾塔在風量固定為270 CMM、循環水量為400 L/min及每日添加污泥寶1 L之操作參數下,去除率平均只維持在28%效果不如預期。
模型生物滴濾塔方面,實驗由20s的氣體空塔停留時間(風量=0.27 CMM、空塔流速=0.05 m/s)下開始進行,每10 min進行一次進出口的量測,持續進行一小時的試驗,每個空塔停留時間間隔30 min進行調整,持續至空塔停留時間到達9.82s (風量=0.68 CMM、空塔流速=0.1 m/s)。結果顯示空塔停留時間高低(亦即空塔流速)對生物滴濾塔的處理效果,有相當大程度的影響。而去除率亦隨有機負增加而減少,有機負荷越高(由5.18 g/m3.hr至10.37 g/m3.hr)去除率越低(由80%至75.56%),在有機負荷突增至186.65 g/m3.hr時,去除率便降至24%。此外生物滴濾塔受溫度影響亦大,實驗中溫度下降10℃其去除率亦下降至43%。
經第二段蛇木屑滴濾塔的串聯,各物種之去除率可再有相當成效之成果,與穩定階段時除二甲苯(64.7%)、甲苯(79.2%)、乙二醇單乙醚鲭酸(50.3%)以及D.A.A.(38.2%),其餘各物種皆達80%以上之去除。
該實廠設計處理風量為270 m3/min,設備成本為NT$3,644,000,每日操作費用約NT$1,069,年(300天,每天操作10小時)總操作費用約為NT$720,810;單位氣體處理費(含設備折舊)則為NT$ 6.2/1,000 m3。故以填充蛇木屑為二段處理之生物滴濾塔對於油漆製程所產生之廢氣而言,為經濟可行之操作技術。
In response to growing concern over volatile organic compounds (VOCs) biofiltration is becoming an established economical air pollution control technology for removing VOCs from waste air stream. This study armed to develop a trickle-bed biofilter to treat emitted VOCs stream from a piant blending process. Analytical results demonstrated that the VOCs conceratration range is 10 to 1500 ppm calibrated as methane and the major components of the emitted gases are toluene, xyluene, isobutanol, methyl-isopropyl ether, etc.
Originally, a full-scale biotrickling filter of 6m × 6m in inner cross-sectional area packed with wood chips(10 cm × 10 cm × 2 cm) to a height of 4 m was used to treat the vent gas with a flow rate of 270 m3/min. A recycle water rate of 400 L/min and a nutrient liquid (acid digested liquor of bird feather) addition rate of 1L/day. Under these operation parameters, the average VOC removal efficiency of the original trickling filter of 28% which was not as good as expected. To improve the efficiency, a pilot biofilter constructed from a 0.3-m x 1.6-m (OD x H) plastic column packed with fam chips to a height of 1 m was used for treating a sample stream of the vent gas. Empty bed retention times in the range of 9.82 to 20 s, corresponding inlet flow rates of 0.68 to 0.27 m3/min and the organic loading rates of 5.18 to 10.37 g/m3.hr were used. As the empty bad retention times was getting shorter, the removal efficiency become lower (from 80 to 75.56%). When the organic loading rose to 186.65 g/m3.hr, the removal efficient also got down to 24%. As the gas temperature droped to 10OC,the removal efficient also decreased to 43%.
第一章 前言
1-1 研究緣起
1-2 油漆塗料之特性
1-3 研究背景
1-4 研究目的
1-5 研究架構
第二章 文獻回顧
2-1 揮發性有機廢氣處理技術
2-2 揮發性有機廢氣生物處理技術
2-2-1 生物濾床法
2-2-2 生物洗滌法
2-2-3 生物滴濾塔法
2-2-3-1 氣液接觸方式
2-2-3-2 氣體停留時間
2-2-3-3 循環水pH值
2-2-3-4 濾料選擇
2-2-3-5 溫度
2-2-3-6循環水負荷
2-2-3-7 營養鹽
2-3 在油漆製程中之各揮發性有機物處理成效及回顧
2-3-1 以生物滴濾塔處理排氣中含二甲苯成分
2-3-2以生物滴濾塔處理排氣中含甲苯成分
2-3-3以生物滴濾塔處理排氣中含丁酮成分
2-3-4 以生物滴濾塔處理噴漆塗裝工廠排氣實例
2-3-4-1 以生物滴濾塔處理噴漆廠之揮發性有機物之操作應用
2-3-4-2 以生物滴濾塔處理噴漆以及塗料設備之污染廢氣排放
第三章 實驗設備、材料與方法
3-1 實驗設備
3-1-1 原生物滴濾塔之實驗設備
3-1-2 模型生物滴濾塔實驗設備
3-1-2-1 模型生物滴濾塔主體
3-1-2-2 進氣設備
3-1-2-3 循環水系統
3-1-2-4 濾材
3-2 實驗方法
3-2-1 微生物磨馴養與系統啟動
3-2-2 操作方法
3-2-3 實驗分析方法
3-2-4 現場實驗監測
3-3分析儀器
第四章 結果與討論
4-1 原生物滴濾塔操作結果
4-2 模型生物滴濾塔試驗
4-2-1 不同氣體空塔停留時間下生物滴濾塔之去除率
4-2-2 有機負荷與去除率之關係
4-2-3有機負荷突增下對於生物滴濾塔去除率之影響
4-2-4 溫度對生物滴濾塔之影響
4-2-5 生物滴濾塔分解能力探討
4-2-6 生物滴濾塔循環水質分析及影響
4-2-7 固定進流風速下長時間處理效果
4-3 原生物滴濾塔及模型生物滴濾塔各成分分析
4-3-1原生物滴濾塔各物種成分分析
4-3-2模型生物滴濾塔各物種成分分析
4-4 經濟評估
4-4-1實場經濟成本估算
4-4-2實場改善初設費用
4-4-3操作費用估算
4-4-4 總費用
第五章 結論與建議
5-1 結論
5-1-1 原生物滴濾塔
5-1-2 模型生物滴濾塔
5-2 建議
5-2-1 微生物之馴養
5-2-2 原生物滴濾塔
5-2-3 pH值和溫度控制
5-2-4 滴濾塔營養鹽添加參考文獻
附錄
1.Allen, E. R. and Phatak, S. (1993): Control of organo-sulfur compound emissions using biofilter-methyl mercaptan, Proc. 86th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., 93-WA-52B.03.
2.Baltzis, B. C. and de la Cruz D. S.(1996): Removal of xylene vapors in a biotrickling filter, Proc. 89th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., Paper Number 96-RP87C.01.
3.Chitwood, D. E., Devinny, J. S., and Reynolds Jr., F. E. (1999): Evaluation of a two-stage biofilter for treatment of POTW waste air, Environ. Prog., 18(3), 212-221.
4.Chou, M. S. and Cheng, W. S. (1997): Screening of biofiltering material for VOC treatmant, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 47, 674-681.
5.Chou, M. S. and Hsiao, C. C. (1998): Treatment of styrene-contaminated airstream by biotrickling filter packed with slags, J. Environ. Engrg., ASCE, 124(9), 844-850.
6.Chou, M. S. and Huang, J. J. (1997):Treatment of methylethylketone in air stream by biotrickling filters, J. Environ. Engrg., ASCE, 123(6), 569-576.
7.Chou, M. S. and Huang, Y. S. (1999): Treatment of ethylether in air stream by a biotrickling filter packed with slags, J. Air and Waste Manage. Asso., 49, 533-543.
8.Chou, M. S. and Lu, S. L. (1998): Treatment of 1,3-butadiene in an air stream by a biotrickling filter and a biofilter, J. Air and Waste Manage. Asso., 48, 711-720.
9.Chou, M. S. and Shiu, W. Z. (1997): Bioconversion of methylamine in biofilters, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 47, 58-65.
10.Chou, M. S. and Wu, F. L. (1999): Treatment of toluene in air Stream by a biotrickling filter packed with slags, J. Air and Waste Manage. Asso.,49, 386-398.
11.Chou, M. S. and Wu, S. L. (1998): Bioconversion of dimethylformamide in biofilters, J. Air and Waste Manage. Asso., 48, 306-316.
12.Chung, Y. C., Huang, C., Pan, J. R., and Tseng, C. P. (1998): Comparison of autotrophic and mixotrophic biofilter for H2S removal, J. Environ. Engrg., 124(4), 362-367.
13.Cook, L. L., Gostomski, P. A. and Apel, W. A. (1999), Biofiltration of asphalt emissions: Full-scale operation treating off-gas from polymer modified production, Environ. Prog., 18, 178-186.
14.Cox, H. H. J. and Deshusses, M. A. (1999): Chemical removal of biomass form waste air biotricking filters: Screening of chemicals of potential interest, Wat. Res., 33(10), 2383-2391.
15.Cox,H. H. J. and Deshusses, M. A. (1999): Biomass control in waste air biotrickling filters by protozoan predation, Biotech. Bioeng., 62, 216-224.
16.Croonenberghs, J. and Varani, F. (1994): Use of bioscrubber to control ethanol emissions, Proc. 87th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., Cincinnati, Ohio, June 19-24.
17.DeHollander G. R., Overcamp, T. J., Grady, Jr., C. P. L. (1998): Performance of suspended-growth bioscrubber for the control of methanol, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 48, 872-876.
18.Deshusses, M. A. and Cox, H. H. J. (1999), A cost benefit approach to reactor sizing and nutrient supply for biotrickling filters for air pollution control, Environ. Prog., 18, 188-196.
19.Devinny, J. S., Deshusses, M. A., and Webster, T. S. (1999): Biofiltration for air pollution control, Lewis Publishers, USA, 1999.
20.Dharmavaraam, S., Duursma, U. C., and Rietbroek, G. (1995): Use of biotrickling filter (BTF) for control of N, N-dimethylacetamide emission, Proc. 88th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., San Antonio,Texas, June18-23.
21.Don, J.A. and Feenstra L. (1984). "Odour abatement through biofitration," In Proceedings of Symposium on Characterization and Control of Odoriferous Pollutants in Process Industries: Lonvain-La Neuve (Belgium), April 1984.
22.Edwards, F. G. and Nirmalakhandan, N. (1996): Environmental Engineering Department 3CE, P. O. Box 30001, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, Wat. Sci. Technol., 34(3-4), 561-571.
23.Edwards,F. G. and Nirmalakhandan, N. (1999): J. Environ. Engrg., November, 1062-1070.
24.Francis L.Smith, F. L., George A.Sorial, G. A., Suidan, M. T., Pandit, A., Biswas, P., and Brenner, R. B. (1998): Evaluation of trickle bed air biofilter performance as a function of inlet VOC concentration and loading, and biomass control, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 48, 627-636.
25.Geoffrey, A. K., Jay, E.H., Lewis, M. N., and Paul, J. G. (1993): Design, construction and operation of biofilters for controlling odor at composting facilities, Proc. 86th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., 93-WP-52C.02.
26.Hammervold R. E., Overcamp, T. J., Grady, C. P. L. Jr., and Smets, B. F. (2000): A sorptive slurry bioscrubber for the control of acetone, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 50, 954-960.
27.Hofmann, A. and Egerer, B. (1998): Troubleshooting in industrial biosrubber and biotrickling plant in the elimination of odors and VOCs, Paper presented at the Air & Waste Management Association’s 91st Annual Meeting & Exhibition, June 14-18, 1998, San Diego,California.
28.Hungler, W. and Acosta, C. (1999), Biological removal of carbon disulfide from waste air streams, Enviro. Prog., 18, 173-177.
29.Kennes, C. and Thalasso, F. (1998): Review waste gas biotreatment technology, J.Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 72, 303-319.
30.Kim , J. O. (1996): Gaseous TCE and PCE removal by an activated carbon biofilter, Bioproc. Engrg., 16, 331-337.
31.Loy, J. (1995): Biological elimination of odoriferous pollutants and solvents in waste gas with the biotrickling filter, Proc. 88th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., San Antonio,Texas, June18-23,
32.Lu, C., Lin, M. R., and Chu, C. (1999): Temperature effects of trickle-bed biofilter for treating BTEX vapor ,J. Environ. Engrg., 125(8), 775-779.
33.Mpanias, C. J. and Baltzis, B. C. (1998): Biocatalytic removal of mono-chlorobenzene vapor in trickling filters, Catalysis Today, 40, 113-120.
34.Nishimura, S. and Yoda, M. (1997): Removal of hydrogen sulfide from an anaerobic biogas using a bio-scrubber, Wat. Sci. Technol., 36 (6-7), 349-356.
35.Ockeloen, H. F., Overcamp, T. J., and Grady, C. P. L. Jr., (1996): A sorptive slurry bioscrubber for the control of acetone, J. Environ. Engrg., March 1996, 191-197.
36.Quinlan, C., Strevett, K., and Ketcham, M. (1999): VOC elimination in a compost biofilter using a previously acclimated bacterial inoculum , J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 49, 544-553.
37.Radian Corp, (1978): Control techniques for volatile organic emission from etationary source, USEPA, EPA-450/2-78-022.
38.Scotford, I. M.; Burton, C. H.; Phillips, V. R. (1996):Minimum-cost biofilters for reducing odours and other aerial emissions from livestock buildings, J. Agric. Engng. Res. ,64, 155-164.
39.Smet, E., Lens, P., and van Langenhove, H. (1998): Treatment of waste gasas contaiminated with ordorous sulfur compounds, Critical Review in Environmental Science and Technology, 28, 89-117.
40.Sorial, G. A., Smith, F. L, Suidan, M. T., Pandit, A., Biswas, P., and Brenner, R. C. (1997): Evaluation of trickle bed air biofilter performance for BTEX removal, J. Environ. Engrg, ASCE, 123 (6), 530-537.
41.Sorial, G. A., Smith, F. L., Pandit, A., Suidan, M. T., Biswas, P., and Brenner, R. C. (1995): Performance of trickle bed biofilters under high toluene loading, Proc. 88th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., Paper Number 95-TA9B.04.
42.Togashi, I., Suzuki, M., Hirai, M., Shoda, M., and Kubota, H. (1986): Removal of NH3 by a peat biofilter without and with Nitrifier, J. Ferment. Technol., 64(5), 425-432.
43.Togna, A. P. and Sam, F. (1993): Field-pilot study of styrene biodegradation using biofiltration, Proc. 86th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., 93-WP-52C.03.
44.Togna, A. P., Skladany, G. J., Fucich, W. J., Guarini, W. J., Singh, M., and Webster, T. S. (1995): Removal of isopentane and isobutane vapors from an industrial process waste stream using a field-pilot biotrickling filter, Proc. 88th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., Paper Number 95-TA9B.02.
45.Tseng, D. H., Chang, C. H., Guo, G. L., and Huang, S. L. (1999): Removal of toluene in gas streams by a fibrous-bed trickling filter , National Science Council Project Number : NSC88-2211-E-008-001.
46.USEPA, “Handbook: Control Technologies for Hazardous Air Pollutants,” EPA/625/6-91/014, June, 1991”(工業技術研究院化學工業研究所翻譯,民國83年1月)。
47.Van Groenestijin, J. W. and Lake, M. E. (1999): Elimination of alkanes form off-gases using biotrickling filters containing two liquid phases, Environ. Prog., 18(3), 151-155.
48.Webster, T. S., Devinny, J. S., Torres, E. M., and Basrai, S. S. (1996): Biofilter of odors,toxics and volatile organic compounds from publicly owned treatment works, Environ.l Prog. , 15(3), 141-147.
49.Webster, T. S., Togna, A. P., Guarini, W. J., and McKnight, L. (1999): Application of a biological trickling filter reactor to treat volatile organic compound emissions from a spray paint booth operation, Metal Finishing, 33(33), 20-26.
50.Wu, B. G., Lerous, C. A,and Brzezinski, R.(1999): A high performance biofilter for VOC emission control, J. Air and Waste Manage. Asso. ,49, 185-192.
51.Wubker, S. -M. and Friedrich, C. G. (1996): Reduction of biomass in a bioscrubber for waste gas treatment by limited supply of phosphate and potassium ions, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 46, 475-480.
52.Wubker, S. -M., Laurenzis, A., Werner, U., and Friedrich, C. (1997), Controlled biomass formation and kinetics of toluene degradation in a bioscrubber and in a reactor with a periodically moved trickle-bed, Biotechnol. Bioeng., 55(4), 686-692.
53.Yang, A. Y. and Togna, P (1994): Oxidative destruction of carbon disulfide vapors using biofiltration, Proc. 87th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., Cincinnati, Ohio, June 19-24.
54.Yang, Y. and Allen, E. R. (1994): Biofilter control of hydrogen sulfide: 1.Design and operational parameters, Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 44, 863-868.
55.Zhu, L., Abumaizar, R. J., and Kocher, W. M. (1998): Biofiltration of benzene contaminated air streams using compost-activated carbon filter media, Environ. Prog. 17(3), 168-172.
56.Zhu, X., Alonso, C., and Suidan, M. T. (2000): The effect of liquid phase on VOC removal in trickle-bed biofilters, Wat. Sci. Tech., 38(3), 315-322.
57.Zhu X., Rihn, M. J., Suidan, M. T., Kim, B. J., Kim B. R. (1996): The effect of nitrate on VOC removal in trickle bed biofilters, Wat. Sci. Tech. 34(3-4), 573-581.
58.Zuber, L., Dunn, I. J., and Deshusses, M. A. (1997): Comparative scale-up and cost estimation of a biological trickling filter and a three-phase airlift bioreactor for the removal of methylene chloride from polluted air, J. Air and Waste Manage. Asso. ,47, 969-975.
59.朱振華、盧重興、林明瑞(1997):以生物濾床法處理含BTEX廢氣程序控制以生物濾床法處理含BTEX廢氣程序控制之研究之研究,第十四屆空氣污染控制技術研討會論文集,pp 63-70,中華民國環境工程學會。
60.行政院環保署︰有害空氣污染物排放管制規範研訂計劃,EAP-82-F103-09-13,中華民國八十三年。
61.行政院環保署空保處︰中華民國八十四年台灣地區空氣污染防治總檢討,行政院環保署空保處編印,中華民國八十八年。
62.沈克鵬、徐樹剛、張昭君、楊慶熙(1999):生物濾床處理壓克力樹脂製程臭味氣體可行性評估,第十六屆空氣污染防制技術研討會論文集,pp.271-275。
63.周明顯、鄭文熙、李偉勝(1999):以蓄熱式焚化裝置處理排氣中丁酮及油漆溶劑之操作性能研究,pp.208-212,第十六屆空氣污染控制技術研討會論文集,中華民國環境工程學會。
64.周明顯等,逸散性臭味處理技術之評估及管理措施之研擬(II),行政院國家科學委員會永續發展委員會委託研究報告,中華民國八十七年六月。
65.林麗如、李季眉(1998):生物濾床法處理樹脂工廠VOCs廢氣之生物相研究,第十五屆空氣污染控制技術研討會論文集,pp. 332-329,中華民國環境工程學會。
66.邱創汎、張鴻均、張坦卿、鄭鴻鉸:有機廢氣生物處理可行性評估方法建立,第十二屆空氣污染控制技術研討會論文專輯,中華民國八十四年十一月
67.高銘木、李春樹、鄭春長、吳新富、蘇振昇(1996):生物濾床去除畜殖堆肥場臭味之模廠試驗研究,第十三屆空氣污染防制技術研討會論文集,pp. 175-179。
68.高銘木、鄭春長(1997):利用生物濾床去除甲基胺及甲硫醇之研究,第十四屆空氣污染防制技術研討會論文集,pp. 158-167。
69.黃焰生(1996):以生物滴濾塔處理排氣中乙醚之操作行能研究,國立中山大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。
70.盧淑玲(1996):以生物滴濾塔及濾床處理排氣中丁二烯之研究,國立中山大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。
71.張筱瑜(2000):以活性污泥池注入法處理排氣中甲苯之操作性能研究,國立中山大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。
72.陳良誌(2000):以實廠生物滴濾塔處理合成樹脂廠排氣之操作性能研究,國立中山大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。
73.黃柏仁、張筱瑜(2000),以密閉式生物濾床處理油漆用樹脂製造廢水場排氣,本研究計畫,中華民國八十九年九月。
74.盧重興、林明瑞、林敬忠(1998):生物濾床法處理樹脂工廠廢氣之研究:(一)六種單一VOCs廢氣,第13屆空污研討會論文集,pp. 373-379,中華民國環境工程學會。
75.賴慶智︰“臭味及有機廢氣處理實務(一)、(二)”,環保實務及新技術交流研討會,中華民國環保科技學會,高雄市,中華民國86年3月。
76.鍾美華、張鴻鈞、黃思篿(1993)︰生物濾床脫臭技術於水產下腳料業之應用,第十屆空氣污染防制技術研討會論文集,pp. 79-85。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top