跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.235.60.144) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/24 01:05
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:鄭時宜
研究生(外文):Shih-i Cheng
論文名稱:影響環保團體成員三種環境行為意向之因素的比較
論文名稱(外文):A comparison of variables affecting three kinds of environmental intention held by members of environmental groups in Taiwan
指導教授:林新沛林新沛引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sanpui Lam
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:公共事務管理研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:公共行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:140
中文關鍵詞:環境道德感整合模式公民行動集體效能感反應效能感環境行為計劃行為論
外文關鍵詞:integrated modeltheory of planned behaviormoral obligationresponse efficacycollective efficacyenvironmental behaviorcivic action
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:160
  • 點閱點閱:1720
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:321
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
一般民眾較常採行的環保行動大都是「動手做環保」的環境行為,至於其它有關環保的說服、公民行動 (或稱政治行動,例如簽名連署、請願、遊說) 則明顯較少。然而相較於個人層次的環境行為,透過團體的力量來推動環境政策可能對環境會有更深遠而大幅的影響。鑑此,本研究以「簽名連署支持或反對與環保有關的政策」、「政策遊說」、「生態解說」這三類環境行為為研究的行為標的。由於一般人平時較難有機會單獨去完成這三種環境行為,而幾乎都是團體行動居多,因此本研究以210位環保團體的成員為調查對象,探討影響他們參與這些環境行為的因素。本研究以兩個模式來預測這些環境行為:第一個模式是Ajzen (1988, 1991) 的計劃行為論 (theory of planned behavior, TPB) ;第二個模式則是統整「社會心理學」、「環境教育」、「公共衛生」及「社會動員」等領域相關模式中的變項,提出一個整合環境行為模式 (以下簡稱整合模式) 。整合模式共包含8個變項,其中4個是屬於TPB裡的變項 (TPB中的主觀規範在本研究中分為「涉及家人的主觀規範」與「涉及社區成員的主觀規範」) ;另外4個變項分別是「環境道德感」、「環境態度」、「反應效能感」 和「集體效能感」。研究結果發現,TPB與整合模式對於這三項環境行為意向皆具有預測力 (R2 > .49) 。不過,在政策遊說行為意向上,整合模式的預測力並沒有優於TPB,而在簽名連署及生態解說的行為意向上,整合模式的預測力比TPB的預測力有微量的提升。最後,本文也針對研究結果提出相關建議以供環保或環教組織參考。
In Taiwan, the environmental protection actions that people usually take are "physical actions", such as picking up litter, sorting trash, installing household resource-conserving devices. Other kinds of actions—e.g., persuasive actions, civic action (such as signing for environmental causes, petitioning and lobbying) —are far less common. However, the latter actions, especially civic actions, are more effective than physical actions in pushing the government to adopt proenvironment policies and thus have more far-reaching impacts. This study thus focused on three civic and persuasive actions—signing for environmental causes, lobbying, and being an ecotourism interpreter. And since these actions are usually taken as a group action (people do so either because they are members of environmental groups or other NGOs, or because they join the actions of these organizations) , this study took environmental group members as its target population. A survey of intentions regarding the above three kinds of actions was made, with 210 environmental group members as respondents.
Two models were used to predict these behaviors. One was the theory of planned behavior (TPB) proposed by Ajzen (1988, 1991) , the other one was an integrated model based on theories from three disciplines—social psychology, environmental education, public health—and literatures of society mobilization. The integrated model contained 8 predictors, 4 of which were from the TPB (the subjective norm variable in the TPB was further split into 2 variables: subjective norm with respect to family members, subjective norm with respect to community members) . The other 4 variables were environmental moral obligation, environmental attitude, response efficacy and collective efficacy. Results showed that both the TPB and integrated models could predict all three kinds of environmental intention (R2 > .49 for each model and intention) . The integrated model, however, was not better than the TPB model in predicting the intention to lobby. And it was only a little better in predicting the intentions to sign and to be an interpreter. Implications of these results and suggestions for environmental groups and environmental education organizations were discussed.
第1章 緒論…............................................................................................... 1-1
1.1 研究背景 1-1
1.2 研究目的 1-4
1.3 文獻回顧 1-5
第2章 研究方法 2-1
2.1 本研究的環境行為整合模式 2-1
2.2 資料蒐集方法 2-2
2.3 預試階段的問卷設計 2-4
2.4 預試結果 2-6
2.5 正式問卷 2-9
2.6 研究假設 2-14
2.7 問卷的發放 2-14
2.8 統計分析方法 2-15
第3章 研究結果 3-1
3.1 問卷回收與基本資料 3-1
3.2 敘述統計及信度分析 3-3
3.3 相關分析 3-11
3.4 迴歸分析 3-15
3.5 多變量變異數分析 3-21
第4章 討論與建議 4-1
4.1 研究假設成立與否及原因 4-1
4.2 變項的平均數所呈現的意義與討論 4-3
4.3 變項的顯著與否在學理與實務上的寓意 4-8
4.4 研究限制與後續研究建議 4-15
參考文獻...................................................................................................... R - 1
王天佑、黃芳銘(1999)。中大學生環境認知、態度與行為調查研究。「中大社會文化學報」,8,189-216。
王俊秀(1993)。歐、美、日主要環保團體行動策略之探討及分析。「中國社會學刊」,17,281-302。
王麗容 (1991)。民間環保組織在社區環保運動中的角色和功能。「社會發展季刊」,56,127-131。
丘昌泰(1991)。美國環境保護團體的類型與功能。「美國月刊」,6(10),84-91。
江明修(2000)。「第三部門經營策略與社會參與」。台北市:智勝文化。
江明修、陳定銘(2000)。台灣非營利組織政策遊說的途徑與策略。 「公共行政學報」,4,153-192。
行政院環境保護署 (2003年12月25日) 。「環保團體一覽表」。2004年3月13日取自 http://www.epa.gov.tw/education/social.html
杜素豪(2002)。態度量表跨文化應用之有效性分析-以“新生態價值量表”為例。「調查研究」,11,75-104。
李伸一(1991)。民間團體能為社會重建做出什麼貢獻。見祝萍 (主編) ,「社會重建」,頁387-407。台北市 : 台北時報文化。
林新沛 (出版中)。標準化迴歸係數的正確解釋。「中山管理評論」。
林新沛、蔡英媛(1997)。環境觀念與環境行為。「應用心理學報」,6,1-22。
林新沛、鄭時宜(2001)。環境行為調查中追問對作答的影響。「調查研究」,10,105-120。
林新沛、鄭時宜(2002)。環境倫理與環境政策態度相關之研究:以樹德科技大學為例。「樹德學報」,4(1),51-62。
高雄市政府主計處(2003)。「高雄市統計月報」,197,9。
徐世榮(1999)。新社會運動、非營利組織與社區意識的興起。「中國行政」,66,1-20。
柴松林(1993)。環保團體的運動策略與未來趨勢。「新環境月刊」,88,10-14。
張子超、周儒(1998)。民間團體推動環境教育活動內涵之研究。「師大學報」,43(1),27-45。
梁明煌(2000)。台灣地區環保團體的角色與環保糾紛解決機制的變遷。「環境與管理研究」,1(1),79-95。
許世璋(2001)。我們真能教育出可解決環境問題的公民嗎?──論環境教育與環境行動。「中等教育」,52(2),52-75。
黃俊英(1991)。「多變量分析」(四版)。台北市:中國經濟企業研究所。
劉潔心、晏涵文、劉貴雲、邱詩揚、李佳容(2000)。社區居民綠色消費行為及相關之訊息傳播調查之研究。「衛生教育學報」,13,189-212。
蕭新煌(1999a)。台灣環境意識與價值研究1999。「調查研究」,7,79-82。
蕭新煌(1999b)。民間環保團體與政府的關係。「新世紀智庫論壇」,8,73-76。
顧忠華(2000)。台灣非營利組織的公共性與自主性。「台灣社會學研究」,4,145-189。
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211.
Ajzen, I. (2002). Perceived behavior control, self-efficacy, locus of control, and theory of planned behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 665-683.
Balderjahn, I. (1998). Personality variables and environmental attitudes as predictors of ecologically responsible consumption patterns. Journal of Business Research, 17, 51-56.
Becker, M. (1974). The health belief model and personal health behavior. Thorofare, NJ: Slack.
Berger, I. E. (1997). The demographics of recycling and the structure of environmental behavior. Environment and Behavior, 29, 515-531.
Block, L. G., & Keller, P. A. (1998). Beyond protection motivation: An integrative theory of health appeals. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28, 1580-1608.
Bratt, C. (1999). Consumers’ environmental behavior-generalized, sector-based, or compensatory? Environment and Behavior, 31, 28-44.
Chu, P. Y., & Chiu, J. F. (2003). Factors influencing household waste recycling behavior: Test of an integrated model. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33, 604-626.
Cohen, M. R. (1973). Environmental information versus environmental attitudes. Journal of Environmental Education, 20(2), 5-8.
Cottrell, S. P., & Graefe, A. R. (1997). Testing a conceptual framework of responsible environmental behavior. The Journal of Environmental Education, 29(1), 17-27.
Dunlap, R. E., & Van Liere, K. D. (1978). The “New Environmental Paradigm”. The Journal of Environmental Education, 9, 10-19.
Dunlap, R. E., & Mertig, A. G. (Ed.). (1992). American Environmentalism--The U.S. Environment Movement, 1970-1990. New York: Taylor & Francis.
Ebreo, A., Hershey, J., & Vining, J. (1999). Reducing solid waste: Linking recycling to environmentally responsible consumerism. Environment and Behavior, 31(1), 107-135.
Fisher, J. (1998). Non-governments: NGOs and the political development of the Third World. Conneticut: Kumarian Press.
Gillilan, S., Werner, C. M., Olson, L., & Adams, D. (1996). Teaching the concept of precycling: A campaign and evaluation. The Journal of Environmental Education, 28(10), 11-18.
Godin, G., & Kok, G. (1996). The theory of planned behavior: A review of its applications to health-related behaviors. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11, 87-98.
Guagnano, G. A., Stern, P. C., & Dietz, T. (1995). Influences on attitude-behavior relationships : A natural experiment with curbside recycling. Environment and Behavior, 27, 699-718.
Heberlein, T. A. (1981). Environmental attitudes. Journal of Environmental Policy, 2, 241-270.
Hines, J. M., Hungerford, H. R., & Tomera, A. N. (1986). Analysis and synthesis of research on responsible environmental behavior: A meta-analysis. The Journal of Environmental Education, 18(2), 1-8.
Hsu, S. J. & Roth, R. E. (1998). An assessment of environmental literacy and analysis of predictors of responsible environmental behavior held by secondary teachers in the Hualien area of Taiwan. Environmental Education Research, 4(4), 229-249.
Hungerford, H. R., Peyton, R., & Wilke, R. (1980). Goals for curriculum development in environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 11(3), 42-47.
Hungerford, H. R., & Volk, T. L. (1990). Changing learner behavior through environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 21(3), 8-22.
Jayanti, R. K., & Burns, A. C. (1998). The antecedents of preventive health care behavior: An empirical study. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 26(1), 6-15.
Kinder, D. R. (1998). Opinion and action in the realm of politics. In D. Gilbert, S. Fiske., & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (pp. 788-865). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kuhn, R. G., & Jackson, E. L. (1989). Stability of factor structures in the measurement of public environmental attitudes. Journal of Environmental Education, 20, 27-32.
Kurland, N. B. (1995). Ethical intentions and the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25, 297-313.
Lalonde, R. L., & Jackson, E. (2002), The New Environmental Paradigm scale: Has it outlived its usefulness? The Journal of Environmental Education, 33(4), 28-36.
Lam, S.-P. (1999). Predicting intentions to conserve water from the theory of planned behavior, perceived moral obligation, and perceived water right. Journal of Applied Psychology, 29, 1058-1071.
Lam, S.-P. & Cheng, S. I. (2002). Cross-informant agreement in reports of environmental behavior and the effect of cross-questioning on report accuracy. Environment and Behavior, 34, 508-520.
Lubell, M. (2002). Environmental activism as collective action. Environment and Behavior, 34, 431- 454.
Marcinkowski, T. J. (1988). An analysis of correlates and predictor of responsible environmental behavior. (Doctoral dissertation, Southern lllinois University at Carbondale, 1988). Dissertation Abstracts International, 49(12), 3677-A. UMI No. DEW89-03716.
Margai, F. L. (1997). Analyzing changes in waste reduction behavior in low income urban community following outreach. Environment and Behavior, 29, 512-524.
Mainieri, T., Barnett, E. G., Unipan, J., & Oskamp, S. (1997). Green buying : The influence of environmental concern on consumer behavior. The Journal of Social Psychology, 137(2), 189-204.
Matthies, E., Kuhn, S., & Klockner, C. A. (2002). Travel mode choice of women: The result of limitation, ecological norm, or weak habit? Environment and Behavior, 34, 163-177.
Netemeyer, R. G., & Bearden, W. O. (1992). A comparative analysis of two models of behavioral intention. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 20, 49-59.
Oskamp, S., Harrington, M. J., Edwards, T. C., Sherwood, D. L., Okuda, S. M., & Swanson, D. C. (1991). Factors influencing household recycling behavior. Environment and Behavior, 23, 495-519.
Rodrigue J. R. (1996). Promoting healthier behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs toward sun exposure in parents of young children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 1431-1436.
Rogers, R. W. (1983). Cognitive and physiological processes in fear appeals and attitude change: A revised theory of protection motivation. In R. Petty & J. Cacioppo, (Eds.), Social psychophysiology (pp. 153-176). New York: Guilford Press.
Roser, C., & Thompson, M. (1995). Fear appeals and the formation of active publics. Journal of Communication, 45(1), 103-121.
Scott, D., & Willits, F. K. (1994). Environmental attitudes and behavior: A Pennsylvania survey. Environment and Behavior, 26, 239-260.
Smith-Sebasto, N. J., & D’Costa, A. (1995). Designing a Likert-type scale to predict environmentally responsible behavior in undergraduate students: A multistep process. The Journal of Environmental Education, 27(1), 14-20.
Sia, A. P., Hungerford, H. R., & Tomera, A. N. (1985). Selected predictors of responsible environmental behavior: An analysis. The Journal of Environmental Education, 17(2), 31-40.
Siero, W. F., Bakker, B. A., Dekker, G. B., Marcel, T. C., & Burg, V. D. (1996). Changing organizational energy consumption behavior through comparative feedback. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 16, 235-246.
Sivek, D. J., & Hungerford, H. R. (1990). Predictors of responsible behavior in members of three Wisconsin conservation organizations. The Journal of Environmental Education, 21(2), 35-40.
Stern, P. C., Dietz, T., & Guagnano, G. A. (1995). The new ecological paradigm in social-psychological context. Environment and Behavior, 27, 723-743.
Stern, P. C. (2000). Toward a coherent theory of environmentally significant behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 56, 407-424.
Tanner, T. (1980). Significant life experiences: A new research area in environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 11(4), 20-24.
Tanner, T. (1998). Choosing the right subjects in significant life experience research. Environmental Education Research, 4, 399-417.
Tarrant, M. A., & Cordell, H. K. (1997). The effect of respondent characteristics on general environmental attitude-behavior correspondence. Environment and Behavior, 29, 618-637.
Taylor, S., & Todd, P. (1995). Understanding household garbage reduction behavior: A test of an integrated model. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 14(2), 1-28.
Wall, G. (1995). General versus specific environmental concern: A Western Canadian case. Environment and Behavior, 27, 294-316.
Witte, K., & Allen, M. (2000). A mata-analysis of fear appeals: Implications for effective public health campaigns. Health Education and Behavior, 27, 591-615.
Yeich, S., & Levine, R. (1994). Efficacy: Enhancing the construct and its relationship to mobilization of people. Journal of Community Psychology, 22, 259-271.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 林新沛、蔡英媛(1997)。環境觀念與環境行為。「應用心理學報」,6,1-22。
2. 林新沛 (出版中)。標準化迴歸係數的正確解釋。「中山管理評論」。
3. 杜素豪(2002)。態度量表跨文化應用之有效性分析-以“新生態價值量表”為例。「調查研究」,11,75-104。
4. 王俊秀(1993)。歐、美、日主要環保團體行動策略之探討及分析。「中國社會學刊」,17,281-302。
5. 丘昌泰(1991)。美國環境保護團體的類型與功能。「美國月刊」,6(10),84-91。
6. 王天佑、黃芳銘(1999)。中大學生環境認知、態度與行為調查研究。「中大社會文化學報」,8,189-216。
7. 林新沛、鄭時宜(2001)。環境行為調查中追問對作答的影響。「調查研究」,10,105-120。
8. 徐世榮(1999)。新社會運動、非營利組織與社區意識的興起。「中國行政」,66,1-20。
9. 梁明煌(2000)。台灣地區環保團體的角色與環保糾紛解決機制的變遷。「環境與管理研究」,1(1),79-95。
10. 劉潔心、晏涵文、劉貴雲、邱詩揚、李佳容(2000)。社區居民綠色消費行為及相關之訊息傳播調查之研究。「衛生教育學報」,13,189-212。
11. 蕭新煌(1999a)。台灣環境意識與價值研究1999。「調查研究」,7,79-82。
12. 蕭新煌(1999b)。民間環保團體與政府的關係。「新世紀智庫論壇」,8,73-76。
13. 1. 林文雄、劉慶豐、鄭書麟,”SMW工法及施工例(上)、(下)”,現代營建雜誌社出版,地下工程實務(三),pp.66-93,(1990)。
14. 2. 陳德霖,”適用各種地盤土壤的SMW工法”,財團法人台灣營建研究院,營建知訊,第168期,pp.40-54,(1997)。
15. 5. 蘇鼎鈞、彭俊杰、蔡文森,「深開挖採SMPW擋土壁之設計和施工實例探討」,地工技術,第76期,pp.89-98,(1999)。