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研究生:李文雄
研究生(外文):Wen-Hsiung Lee
論文名稱:高中擲部運動選手不同時期體能差異比較探討
論文名稱(外文):THE STUDY OF COMPARING THROW ATHLETES, PHYSICAL FITNESS DURING DIFFERENT EXERCISE SEASONS IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS
指導教授:李勝雄李勝雄引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育學院
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:215
中文關鍵詞:運動季體能擲部選手
外文關鍵詞:Exercise SeasonsPhysical FitnessThrow Athletes
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:276
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
中文摘要
  本研究主要目的是探討高中擲部運動選手於不同時期(季節前、中、後)其體能之發展與差異狀況比較。針對國立潮州高中及高雄縣仁武高中體育班十五位擲部運動選手進行體能檢測,其檢測項目包括:柔軟度、平衡性、爆發力、肌力、敏捷性及心肺耐力等六項。並以問卷調查及事後成效訪談,獲知不同時期體能差異,使其具有相當的效度。
  以F考驗及相關為統計方法,進行資料分析後,獲得以下結果:
一. 擲部運動選手不同時期指數包括柔軟度、平衡性、爆發力、肌力、敏捷性及心肺耐力等六項。除柔軟度及平衡性在季節前、季節中及季節後呈無顯著差異外,其餘爆發力、肌力、敏捷性及心肺耐力等皆呈顯著差異。
二. 鏈球、標槍、鐵餅及鉛球等不同項目之擲部運動選手,不因項目不同而呈顯著差異。
三. 檢測敏捷性折返跑項目,由季節中和季節後對照t檢定與成對樣本檢定,得知無相關而呈顯著差異。
四. 季節前、季節中及季節後體能發展不佳。
  整體而言,擲部運動選手不同時期體能有呈顯著差異,但不因項目不同而呈顯著差異。此外,以問卷調查及事後成效訪談,使具有相當的效度。
Abstract
  The purpose of this study was to compare the difference of throw athletes’ physical fitness among the pre-season, in-season and post-season in senior high schools, and to explore whether the physical fitness is different with varied sport items or not. We tested the physical fitness of 15 throw athletes who study in National Chauchou Senior High School and Renwu High School. After that, we can know their flexibility, balance, explosive force, strength, agility and cardiorespiratory endurance capacity. We also got the information about the difference of physical fitness during different exercise seasons by questionnaire investigation and meta-interview to make the research has more validity.
The statistic methods of F-test and correlation were used, and the results of the study were as follows:
1.The throw athletes’ physical fitness such as flexibility and balance have no significant differences among pre-season, in-season and post-season, on the contrary, such as explosive force, strength, agility and cardiorespiratory endurance capacity have.
2.There is no significant difference of throw athletes’ physical fitness with varied throw items such as hammer, javelin, discus and shot.
3.About the result of agility test, there is no correlation between pre-season and in-season by t-test and paired-sample test, but it has a significant difference.
4.The throw athletes’ physical fitness was not good during the pre-season, in-season and post-season.
Actually, the throw athletes’ physical fitness among three exercise seasons has significant difference, but there is no significant difference of throw athletes’ physical fitness with varied throw items. By the way, using questionnaire investigation and meta-interview can make the research has more validity.
目 次
第壹章 緒論………………………………………………………1
 第一節 研究背景………………………………………………1
 第二節 研究目的………………………………………………4
 第三節 待答問題………………………………………………4
 第四節 研究範圍與限制………………………………………4
 第五節 名詞釋義………………………………………………6
 第六節 研究的重要性…………………………………………7
第貳章 文獻探討…………………………………………………10
 第一節 體能的概念……………………………………………11
 第二節 體能的分類……………………………………………21
 第三節 體能的特性與內涵……………………………………30
 第四節 體能的評估與撿測……………………………………39
 第五節 運動訓練的時期劃分…………………………………44
 第六節 不同時期體能變化實徵研究…………………………50
 第七節 小結……………………………………………………54
第參章 研究方法與步驟…………………………………………57
 第一節 研究方法………………………………………………57
 第二節 研究對象………………………………………………59
 第三節 研究工具………………………………………………61
 第四節 實施步驟與流程………………………………………72
 第五節 研究架構………………………………………………80
 第六節 資料處理………………………………………………81
第肆章 結果分析與討論…………………………………………82
 第一節 結果分析………………………………………………82
 第二節 討論……………………………………………………156
第伍章 結論與建議………………………………………………161
 第一節 結論……………………………………………………161
 第二節 建議……………………………………………………162
參考文獻……………………………………………………………165
附錄…………………………………………………………………186
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