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研究生:蔡建民
論文名稱:新產品開發之供應商評估系統建立
論文名稱(外文):The Construction of a Supplier Evaluation System in New Product Development
指導教授:劉志明劉志明引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工業工程與工程管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:125
中文關鍵詞:新產品開發供應商參與績效評估
外文關鍵詞:New Product DevelopmentSupplier InvolvementPerformance Evaluation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:167
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
面對新產品生命週期越來越短,供應商參與企業新產品開發以縮短新產品開發時間已成為一種趨勢。過去許多文獻提到供應商參與在新產品開發過程中的優點,但尚未能進一步說明在新產品開發過程中該如何區分供應商的類別及不同的參與模式。因此本研究將以市場需求角度思考新產品類型,探討新產品零組件依重要程度採取ABC分類;結合在新產品開發之不同階段來區分供應商參與新產品開發之9種不同模式,訂定不同模式下供應商之評選標準。在不同模式下關於供應商的績效評估指標皆不相同,但其最終目的皆為提高供應商之管理績效。所以本研究希望藉由建立不同的供應商參與模式,釐清不同模式之間績效指標的共同性與差異性,以提供企業未來對於新產品開發過程中之供應商選擇有一套清楚的準則。並可利用此系統累積有關於供應商之合作歷史資料,為找出不同模式下的關鍵指標,作為以後評比的依據;同時也可避免以後開發相同類型新產品時,重新建立供應商評估系統之工作。
經由新產品開發之供應商參與模式的建立,可以清楚地瞭解新產品開發績效與供應商績效之間的關係,可藉此不斷地持續追蹤與改善供應商之績效,縮短企業之新產品開發時間,提升企業在新產品開發上的競爭力。
Supplier involvement in a new product development process is a trend that can decrease the development time in the industry in which the product life cycle is getting shorter. The advantages of supplier involvement in NPD have been discussed in many literatures, but supplier types and contributing models have not been well established.
So this research differentiates the types of new products in the market, and categorized the components of a product into three groups(the ABC categories). The product types and components’ importance categories are integrated with NPD phases, to get 9 models of supplier involvement. As a result, the supplier selection criteria are derived from these 9 models. To improve the performance of supplier management, there is a distinct group of supplier performance index for each involvement model.
By making clear the same and the difference of performance index among the supplier involvement models, crystal criteria is derived for selecting supplier for collaborative NPD. In addition, the business information of supplier can be saved, and the critical index of each model can be identified for subsequent supplier selection. The redundant criteria setting work can also be reduced for the similar type NPD.
By means of the NPD supplier involvement models, the interaction of NPD performance and supplier involvement performance are well identified. Continuous improvement of the supplier performance to cut the NPD time is the key to enhance the competency in NPD cycle time.
1. 英文部分
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6. Choi, T.Y, Hartley, J.L, 1996 , “An explortation of supplier selection practices across across the supply chain”, Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 14, pp.333-343.
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8. Clark, K.B. and Wheelwright, S.C., 1993 , Revolutionizing Product Development, New York, The Free press, pp.165-187.
9. Crawford C. M., New Products Management, IRWIN, New York , 1997.
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16. Henard, David H. and Szymanski, David M., 2001 ,”Why Some New Products Are More Successful Than Others,” Journal of Marketing Research, 38(August), 362-375.
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18. Kaplan, R. S. and. D. P. Norton, The Balanced Scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action, Harvard Business School, 1996.
19. LaBahn, D.W. and Krapfel, R., 2000 ,”Early Supplier Involvement in Customer New Product Development - The Story of Lean Production”, Journal of Business Research, 47(3), pp. 173-190.
20. Lamming, R., 1993 , Beyond Partnership: Strategies for Innovation and Lean Supply. Prentice Hall, Hemel Hempstead.
21. Liker, J.K., Kamath, R.R., Watsi, S. N. and Nagamachi, M., 1996 ,”Supplier involvement in automotive component design: are there really large US Japan differences? ”, Research Policy, 25,pp.59-89
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25. Song, X. M. and Montoya-Weiss M. M., 1998 , “Critical Development Activities for Really New versus Incremental Products”, Journal of Product Innovation management , Vol.15(2) , pp.124-135.
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2. 中文部分
1. 方國定、許欽嘉,”資訊系統外包績效評估指標之建構”,國立中正大學學報社會科學分冊,第十卷第一期,頁139、159。
2. 鄭友超,工職機械類設科與職訓機構所辦職類配合調整之規畫研究,師範大學工教所碩士論文,1980。
3. 林明杰,”技術能力與技術引進績效相關之研究”,國立政治大學企業管理研究所未出版博士論文,1992。
4. 李長貴,績效管理與績效評估,台北,華泰文化事業有限公司,1997。
5. 陳怡和,”供應商管理標竿之建立與分析--以台灣筆記型電腦產業為例”,私立元智大學工業工程研究所,1998。
6. 何安邦,”供應商參與角色與新產品開發專案績效關係之研究”,國立中央大學企業管理研究所,2000。
7. 黃智偉,”供應鏈管理下供應商選擇評估之研究—以臺灣地區中衛體系之汽機車業與電腦資訊業為例”,國立雲林科技大學工業工程與管理研究所,2000。
8. 陳建中,”供應商管理系統之建立-以筆記型電腦為例”,國立清華大學工業工程與管理研究所碩士論文,2001。
9. 陳曉琪,”供應商遴選之決策支援系統之研究”,私立義守大學工業工程研究所碩士論文,2001。
10. 郭朝榮,”建構供應商參與之產品開發團隊之探討”,國立台灣科技大學工業管理研究所,2001。
11. 黃鴻圖,”市場資訊處理能力與組織設計對新產品績效影響之研究”,國立中央大學企業管理研究所,2001。
12. 林哲儀,”供應商涉入程度與新產品開發績效關係之研究”,國立中央大學企業管理研究所,2002。
13. 盧舜年、鄒坤霖,”供應鏈管理的第一本書”,台北市,商周出版,2002。
14. 洪碧溎,”筆記型電腦新產品導入績效衡量機制與評估系統”,國立清華大學工業工程研究所,2003。
15. 陳啟政,”運用總成本品質分析之供應商績效評估模式”,私立中原大學工業工程研究所博士論文,2003。
16. 葉明豪,”以核心競爭力為基礎的採購與供應商管理系統再造之方法-以筆記型電腦公司為例”, 國立清華大學工業工程研究所,2003。
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