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研究生:林蒼威
研究生(外文):Tsang-Wei Lin
論文名稱:汽車駕駛訓練模擬環境開發與應用-以停車訓練為例
論文名稱(外文):The Development of the Vehicle-Driving Simulator for Parking-Training in the Environment of Virtual Reality
指導教授:黃雪玲黃雪玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sheue-Ling Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工業工程與工程管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:虛擬實境人機介面設計駕駛行為模擬器設計
外文關鍵詞:Virtual realityInterface designDriving behaviorSimulator
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:311
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:71
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
在從事訓練的過程之中,必須審慎的考慮安全性以及確實度,尤其是本研究的主題-駕駛訓練,訓練不足或所造成的傷害更是嚴重。因此虛擬實境是一個相當適用的技術來模擬駕駛環境,並且藉由各種硬、軟體裝置的整合,能夠對駕駛者的心智思考模式加以考慮。本研究中的駕駛訓練模擬器,為首次將模擬的概念導入停車的訓練之中,藉由如此的訓練環境以及方法,並在正式實驗之前利用前測實驗來做最後的修正,而實驗的結果顯示了駕駛新手的績效有顯著的提升。經由實驗結果的討論,闡述實驗可能的缺失與有待注意、改進之處,並提出本研究的貢獻、限制與未來發展性,有待未來加以更多的應用範圍及層面。
In the procedure of training, safety and authenticity must be considered in the environment. For the driving situation, virtual reality is a well-applied technique to simulate the driving condition. With the integration of several hardware equipments and logic design of software, a virtual environment which is in possession of driver’s cognitive modes and the reality is developed. This is the first driving simulator being applied in training the skill of parking vehicles. By the results of the experiment, novices can significantly increase their driving performance via the VR training. Afterwards, some discussions and suggestions for experiment and simulator design may provide principles in future development. In the conclusion, contributions and limitations of the research and future works are described. In the future, it is worth studying the combination of different control modules to develop more powerful and realistic simulators in the virtual reality or the real world.
Abstract III
Content V
Figure Captions VII
List of Tables VIII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Importance 2
1.3 Objectives 2
1.4 Research framework 3
Chapter 2 Literature Review 5
2.1 Driving behavior 5
2.1.1 Models of driving behavior 5
2.1.2 DSQ for measuring driver’s properties 8
2.1.3 Measuring of driving behavior 9
2.1.4 Analysis of driving actions 12
2.2 User Interface 13
2.2.1 Introduction of virtual reality 13
2.2.2 The design principles for driving simulator 14
2.2.3 Driving assistance system 17
2.3 In-vehicle Information Display 20
2.3.1 Visual and audio demand 21
2.3.2 Cognitive Demand 23
Chapter 3 Research Methodology 26
3.1 Choice of assistance functions for driving simulator 26
3.2 Research Hypotheses 27
3.3 Simulator design 27
3.3.1 The introduction of Virtools Dev 2.1 27
3.3.2 The introduction of 3D studio max 5.0 28
3.3.3 Hardware design of the simulator system 29
3.3.4 Software design of the simulated system 30
3.3.5 System Integration 30
3.4 Experiment design 31
3.4.1 Experiment environment 31
3.4.2 Simulation environment 33
3.4.3 Pilot Study 36
3.4.4 Experiment procedure 38
3.4.5 Indices measurement 39
Chapter 4 Experimental Result 40
4.1 Task completing time 40
4.2 Repeating frequency 41
4.3 The analysis of the subjective questionnaire 43
4.4 Discussion 46
4.4.1 Driving performance 46
4.4.2 Other effects 47
Chapter 5 Conclusion 48
5.1 Contribution of the research 48
5.2 Limitations of experiments 48
5.3 Future work 49
References 50
Appendix 53
陳文哲、葉宏謨,工作研究(十訂版),中興管理顧問公司發行。
邱俊凱,2003,「E-Car車用電腦功能分析與操控設計」,碩士論文,指導教授:黃雪玲,清華大學工業工程與工程管理研究所。
莊忠益,2003,「車用電腦中央控制介面之階層式選單對駕駛者績效之影響」,碩士論文,指導教授:黃雪玲,清華大學工業工程與工程管理研究所。
陳曉如,2002,「車內語音導航系統之介面設計與人因考量」,碩士論文,指導教授:黃雪玲,清華大學工業工程與工程管理研究所。
黃慶旭,2002,「利用簡易型駕駛模擬器探討警示系統對駕駛者的影響」,碩士論文,指導教授:黃雪玲,清華大學工業工程與工程管理研究所。
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