# 臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

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 在半導體製程中，有幾道加工製程具有等候時間的限制，當等候時間超出限制時，產品必須重新加工或報廢。過去有許多學者對此等候時間問題進行探討，但少有人探討在多重連續等候時間下(Multiple Queue Time Constraints)，考量批量釋放(Batch Release)、集批(Minimum Batch Size)及派工優化的問題。因此，本研究以半導體廠中的擴散區為案例，提出一套在多重等候時間限制與集批限制下，考慮批量釋放時間點的演算法及派工法則。此演算法適用於計算多產品-序列式機台的加工模式，此演算法之目的為輔助派工法則的建立。 本研究之派工法則，以達交率為優化標的，利用本研究團隊所提出的等候時間分配法(Waiting Time Allocation, WTA)之原則決定暫存區(Stocker)後第一個工作站之派工優先序，並利用本研究的演算法來計算該加工區中所有工件的開始加工時間點、完工時間點、批量釋放最早的時間點，與釋放批量中所有工件的各種時間資訊。本研究將演算法融入GFIFO(Global First In, First Out)、FIFO(First In, First Out)、EDD(Earliest Due Date)、CR(Critical Ratio)與等候時間分配法(WTA)，利用此五種派工法則以ASU所提供的資料進行模擬分析，模擬實驗結果發現WTA派工法則在產品達交率(Target-Hit Rate)、平均產量(Average Throughput)及平均週期時間(Average Cycle Time)三種績效指標皆表現優異。
 Queue time constraint refers to constraint that the elapsed time between two processes must be contained within a set time period in order to maintain the quality of the work pieces. Although many studied queue time constraints in semiconductor manufacturing, few discussed multiple queue constraints applied on consecutive manufacturing processes. The situation appears more frequently with the introduction of recent advanced processes. The research proposed dispatching and a lot releasing methods for a section of manufacturing processes under multiple queue time and batching constraints. First, an algorithm and associated software was developed to calculated the earliest lot releasing time that can assure non-violation of queue times and satisfy lot batching requirement of the work pieces in the observed manufacturing section. Second, a dispatching method based on waiting time allocation concept, at the beginning of the manufacturing section, and FIFO method for the ensuing processes is proposed. Simulation results show that this “section-wise” dispatching method performs better to some other commonly used dispatching methods such as First-In First-Out(FIFO), Global FIFO, Earliest Due Date(EDD), and Critical Ratio(CR) methods in all three performance indices: Target hit rate, average throughput and average cycle time.
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 1 晶圓製造廠考慮等候時間限制之派工策略 2 晶圓批量異常等待時間為導向之派工法則 3 晶圓廠短期動態機台調整機制 4 時間加權的及時派工法則 5 台灣半導體前段製程管理成熟度分析：微影製程 6 晶圓製造廠可能延遲批量之派工法則 7 半導體廠提高達交率的派工法則 8 基於等候時間分配的達交率導向派工法則 9 應用模擬在考量存貨限制下派工法則之探討--以國內晶圓代工廠為例 10 基於等候時間分配和在製品預算的新派工法則 11 晶圓代工廠提高達交率之彈性派工法-以國內砷化鎵產業為例 12 考慮等候時間限制之擴散區生產派工法則 13 有效提升半導體晶圓廠達交率之派工法則

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 1 基於等候時間分配的達交率導向派工法則 2 考量等候時間限制之半導體爐管機台派工法則 3 晶圓製造廠考慮等候時間限制之派工策略 4 考慮等候時間限制之擴散區生產派工法則 5 考量等候時間限制之半導體製造在製品分配及控制方法 6 半導體晶圓製造廠中等候時間限制作業的放行控制方法 7 應用限制驅導式於晶圓廠等候時間限制之產能規劃 8 晶圓製造廠考慮等候時間限制之產能規劃研究 9 考量等候時間限制之半導體生產排程問題 10 顧客等候時間對銀行服務滿意度之研究 11 連續等候時間限制下之派工模擬分析以半導體晶圓製造金屬製程為例 12 考慮整備與等候時間之可重疊機台－製程群組配置 13 考量等候時間限制之多階製造鏈整合 14 考慮需求不確定和等候時間限制之機台組態決策 15 具等候時間限制之雙流線型工廠排程

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