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研究生:張文德
研究生(外文):Wen-Te Chang
論文名稱:氣相層析質譜儀及電子鼻技術於油品洩漏及運動鞋類中揮發性有機化合物之檢測分析及研究
論文名稱(外文):Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in Oil Spill and Sports Shoes using Gas Chromatograph / Mass Spectrometer
指導教授:凌永健凌永健引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yong-Chien Ling
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:化學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:揮發性有機化合物電子鼻油品洩漏運動鞋氣相層析質譜儀
外文關鍵詞:volatile organic compoundsVOCselectronic noseoil spillsports shoesGC/MS
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:372
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:79
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
揮發性有機化合物是近十年來普遍被認為是影響土壤、空氣、水源及人體健康的一種污染物質。隨著工業化的發展許多的物質或是使用這些物質已經被證實可釋放出揮發性有機化合物,這些物質如汽油產品、有機溶劑、染料及黏著劑等。透過使用這些物質則有助於揮發性有機化合物釋放於環境中,或者因為人們的不當使用也是導致這些污染物逸散的原因之一。然而,藉由檢測這類物質的逸散濃度,可使我們瞭解環境遭受污染的程度,也可以進一步採取必要的整治或是預防措施。因此本論文發展氣相層析質譜及電子鼻技術應用於檢測油品洩漏及運動鞋類中揮發性有機化合物分析。本論文共分成四章:
一.緒論
二.建立氣相層析質譜與主成分分析技術以鑑定地下汽油儲槽洩漏
三.使用電子鼻做為油品洩漏及非法油行油品之快速檢測及使用氣相層析質譜儀確認
四.利用吸附管熱脫附法結合氣相層析質譜儀鑑定鞋材中逸散的揮發性有機化合物
第二章為使用氣相層析質譜分析技術於檢測台灣地區站齡超過十年以上加油站其地下汽油儲槽之洩漏情形,並以主成分分析法預測可能洩漏之地下油槽。第三章為運用電子鼻分析技術進行油品洩漏之判定,並以氣相層析質譜儀進行確認。第四章則利用氣相層析質譜分析鞋材中逸散之揮發性有機化合物濃度,及探討鞋材重量與逸散濃度之相互關係。
第1章 緒論
1.1 前言 - 1 -
1.2 研究動機及目的 - 2 -
1.2.1 運用氣相層析質譜儀及主成分分析法於漏油的檢測 - 2 -
1.2.2 發展電子鼻快速分析法於檢測環境的漏油樣品 - 2 -
1.2.3 運用氣相層析質譜儀及主成分分析法於鞋材逸散氣體的檢測 - 3 -
1.3 參考文獻 - 4 -

第2章 建立氣相層析質譜與主成分分析技術以鑑定地下汽油儲槽洩漏
2.1 前言 - 5 -
2.1.1 汽油使用簡介 - 5 -
2.1.2 地下儲油槽介紹 - 7 -
2.1.3 分析方法簡介 - 9 -
2.1.4 主成分分析法簡介 - 10 -
2.2 研究動機 - 13 -
2.2.1 漏油及相關研究 - 13 -
2.2.2 研究目的 - 13 -
2.3 實驗部分 - 16 -
2.3.1 儀器設備 - 16 -
2.3.2 藥品來源 - 17 -
2.3.3 氣體及液體標準品製備方法 - 18 -
2.4 結果與討論 - 21 -
2.4.1 分析方法確效與QA/QC確認 - 21 -
2.4.2 定性及定量分析 - 22 -
2.4.3 加油站土壤監測井之真實樣品分析 - 23 -
2.4.4 汽油標準品GC/MS分析 - 25 -
2.4.5 油品的PCA分類 - 26 -
2.4.6 簡化PCA - 28 -
2.4.7 洩漏的地下儲油槽鑑定預測 - 29 -
2.5 結論 - 31 -
2.6 參考文獻 - 32 -

第3章 使用電子鼻做為油品洩漏及非法油行油品之快速檢測及使用氣相層析質譜儀確認
3.1 前言 - 53 -
3.1.1 漏油事件介紹 - 53 -
3.1.2 非法油行油品介紹 - 54 -
3.1.3 電子鼻介紹 - 54 -
3.2 研究動機 - 56 -
3.3 實驗部分 - 58 -
3.3.1 儀器設備 - 58 -
3.3.2 藥品與相關材料來源 - 58 -
3.3.3 實驗方法 - 59 -
3.4 結果與討論 - 61 -
3.4.1 油品洩漏之電子鼻分析 - 61 -
3.4.2 油品洩漏之GC/MS確認 - 63 -
3.4.3 非法油行油品之電子鼻分析 - 64 -
3.4.4 非法油行油品之GC/MS確認 - 65 -
3.5 結論 - 67 -
3.6 參考文獻 - 68 -

第4章 利用吸附管熱脫附法結合氣相層析質譜儀鑑定鞋材中逸散的揮發性有機化合物
4.1 前言 - 96 -
4.1.1 鞋子製造簡介 - 96 -
4.1.2 有機溶劑之影響 - 97 -
4.2 研究動機 - 98 -
4.2.1 研究緣由 - 98 -
4.2.2 研究目的 - 99 -
4.3 實驗部分 - 101 -
4.3.1 儀器設備 - 101 -
4.3.2 藥品與相關材料來源 - 102 -
4.3.3 實驗方法 - 103 -
4.4 結果與討論 - 104 -
4.4.1 定性及定量分析 - 104 -
4.4.2 線性、再現性及偵測極限 - 104 -
4.4.3 鞋子樣品測試 - 105 -
4.4.4 群聚分析及主成分分析 - 107 -
4.5 結論 - 110 -
4.6 參考文獻 - 111 -

第5章 總結及未來研究方向
5.1 論文總結………………………………………………………………- 125 -
5.2 未來研究方向…………………………………………………………- 126 -
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