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研究生:杜尚耘
研究生(外文):Shang-Yun Tu
論文名稱:利用模版生長奈米尺寸有機金屬線及奈米粒子陣列
論文名稱(外文):Templated growth of nanometer-scale organic metallic wires or nanoparticle arrays
指導教授:陶雨台
指導教授(外文):Yu-Tai Tao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:化學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:奈米線金奈米粒子AAO微米轉印技術
外文關鍵詞:nanowirenanoparticleAAOmicrocontact printing
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本論文主要是在架構在硫酸銅會與吡嗪(pyrazine)可形成交錯排列的一維配位錯合物(如附圖所示),而在表面或奈米尺度孔洞環境中,生長奈米尺寸的錯合物導線,以備未來的分子電子元件應用。。
第一部份是在金表面製作條紋化的8-(4-吡啶)辛烷硫醇/辛烷硫醇單層分子薄膜,再將此金片放入硫酸銅與吡嗪的混合液中,在金片上的具吡啶區塊上長出分子導線,而形成在特定區塊才能高起的區塊。另外也在金表面吸附均勻分散的8-(4-吡啶)辛烷硫醇/辛烷硫醇的混合單分子薄膜,再將此一矽晶片放入硫酸銅與吡嗪的混合液中,希望可以藉著吡啶官能基的均勻分散而使得分子導線能分開獨立生長。
第二部分是利用奈米孔徑的AAO(Anodized aluminum oxide)作為版模;以兩相的方式,讓吡嗪溶液及硫酸銅溶液擴散到AAO裡面反應,而在AAO裡面形成晶體線;以及在金奈米粒子上吸附8-(4-吡啶)辛烷硫醇來取代吡嗪,與銅離子在AAO中反應,將金奈米粒子串連形成奈米金線。
The thesis based on the observation that copper ion reacts with pyrazine to form crystals of infinite one-dimensional alternating complex. Growth of such complexes on a functional surface or nano-scale channels to give nanometer scale, isolated complex wires is studied for the potential application in molecular electronic device fabrication.
The first part involves the preparation of patterned monolayer surface of 8-(4-pyridyl)octanethiol/octanethiol. Immersion of the patterned surface into mixture of copper ion and pyrazine led to formation of complex specifically on pyridine-containing areas. Mixed monolayers of 8-(4-pyridyl)octanethiol and octanethiol were then prepared for the selective growth of complex crystals on isolated pyridine sites in order to obtain isolated wires.
The second part involves nanometer scale channels of anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) as the template for formation of complex crystals. Through a two phase approach, copper ions and pyrazine molecules were allowed to diffuse, mix and react in the channels of AAO to form nano wires of complexes. Also, the pyrazine was replaced by nanometer gold particles covered with 8-(4-pyridyl)octanethiol so that reaction with copper in the channels of AAO gave strings of gold nano particles.
壹、緒論………………………………………………………………………………………(1)
1-1分子自組裝……………………………………………………………………(1)
1-1-1自組裝分子薄膜…………………………………………………(1~4)
1-1-2硫醇自組裝分子薄膜的應用……………………………(4~6)
1-2奈米材料……………………………………………………………...…………(7)
1-2-1奈米材料的簡介………………………………….……………..…(7~8)
1-2-2奈米材料的特殊性質…………………………………………(8~11)
1-2-3奈米晶體的合成方式…………………………………….………(11)
1-3奈米導線……………………….…………………….………………….……(12)
1-3-1製作奈米導線的價值及種類…………………….…(12~13)
1-3-2製作奈米導線的方法………………………………………(13~15)

貳、研究動機與方法…………………………………………………….…(16~18)

參、實驗部分……………………….…………………….……………………. ……(19)
3-1實驗用藥品……………………….……………..……….…………………(19)
3-1-1基材來源…………….……………..………. …………….……………(19)
3-1-2清洗矽晶片用藥品………….……..……………….……………(19)
3-1-3合成用藥品…………….……………..………..……….……………(19)
3-1-4有機薄膜用藥品………….………..………..………………………(19)
3-2實驗步驟………………………………………………………………………(20)
3-2-1合成部分…………………………………………………………(20~22)
3-2-2金片基材的清洗與製備…………………………………(22~23)
3-2-3 以模紋的方式製備分子薄膜…………….…………(23~24)
3-2-4 在特定的表面上形成晶體……………………….…(24~25)
3-2-5 製作均勻分散的單層分子薄膜…………………………(25)
3-2-6 製作晶體奈米線………………………………………………..…(26)
3-2-7 製作金奈米粒子…………………………………………..…(26~27)
3-2-8製作金奈米粒子串連的導線…………………………….…(27)
3-2-9 在金表面製作分子導線……………………….…………..…(27)
3-3實驗用儀器與技術………………….………………….……………(28)
3-3-1真空蒸鍍機……….………………….……….………………….……(28)
3-3-2核磁共振光譜儀……………………………………………………(28)
3-3-3傅立葉紅外線光譜儀………………………………………(28~30)
3-3-4掃描式電子顯微鏡………………………………………………(30)
3-3-5穿透式電子顯微鏡…………………………………………(32~33)
3-3-6 X光繞射儀……………………………………………………………(33)
3-3-7原子力顯微鏡…………………………………………………(33~34)
3-3-8 Near Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure(35~36)
3-3-9旋轉塗佈機(Spin Coating System)……………………(36)
3-3-10臭氧產生器(Ozone Generator)……………………….…(36)

肆、結果與討論………………………………………………………………………(37)
4-1在單分子層上生長晶體………………………………………(37)
4-1-1在模紋化分子膜上製備分子導線及結構鑑定
………………………………………………………...………………………………(37)
4-1-1.1製備條紋化分子薄膜…………………….…(37~40)
4-1-1.2在條紋化分子薄膜上長晶體………….…(40~47)
4-1-1.3對於薄膜表面晶體做定性的偵測.…(48~50)
4-1-1.4確定薄膜表面晶體的方向性………….…(50~61)
4-2利用銅與吡嗪的交錯對位特性來做應用…..…(62)
4-2-1以AAO為模版來長晶體…………………………….…(62)
4-2-1.1以AAO為模版在孔洞內長晶體奈米線…
………………………………………………………………(62~70)
4-2-1.2改變AAO表面的性質提高其反應性(70~74)
4-2-2以AAO為模版讓金奈米粒子串連…………………(75)
4-2-2.1以AAO為模版在孔洞內把金奈米粒子串連
成線………………………………………………………(75~76)
4-2-2.2改變AAO表面的性質提高其反應性(77~81)
伍、結論………………………………………………………………………………(82~83)

陸、參考資料……………………………………………………………………(84~87)
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