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研究生:陳俐君
研究生(外文):L. C. Chen
論文名稱:以溶液鑄型法製備Nafion膜層及其梯度電極製備之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of the synthesis of NafionTM membrane by solution-cast route and the fabrication of gradually componential metal electrode thereon
指導教授:金重勳金重勳引用關係
指導教授(外文):T. S. Chin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:材料科學工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:Nafion溶液鑄型法梯度電極IPMC
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:132
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
IPMC 是一種由離子交換樹脂與金屬所組成的複合材料,其主要結構是由離子高分子及上下金屬電極所組成。當外界施加電場時,IPMC可藉由離子移位而產生形變。目前IPMC在應用上遭遇最大的困難為,其電極表面水分的流失及金屬電極會由離子高分子上剝離分開,使其形變效能劣化。
本研究於導電性高分子的選取上,採用美國杜邦(DuPont)公司發展出的全氟磺酸高分子(perfluorosulphonic acid polymer,PFSA),其商品名為NafionTM。本研究以溶液鑄造法製備NafionTM膜層並於成膜時施予不同重力加壓,探討成膜時施加壓力對於膜層結晶性質及其機械性質之影響。實驗結果顯示,以溶液鑄型成膜時,外加壓力會破壞其內部結構,小角度X光散射結果發現,主要是使氟碳化合物主鏈的結晶度降低,結晶厚度變小,結晶區域數目減少。所得膜層其楊氏係數因膜層結晶性降低,隨成膜時施加壓力增加而降低。
本研究嘗試以反無電鍍製程鍍製IPMC白金電極。結果顯示,利用此製程可成功鍍製一白金奈米顆粒梯度分佈均勻之電極,且與離子高分子界面的金屬離子細微化且均勻分布。但其表面阻值過高,以傳統無電度再鍍上白金電極後,則可得到一擺動壽命優於傳統無電鍍製程製備之IPMC。
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