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研究生:王雅恂
研究生(外文):Ya-Hsun Wang
論文名稱:高科技廠商在新竹科學工業園區之興起與發展
論文名稱(外文):The Creation and Development of High-Tech Firms in Taiwan Hsinchu Science-Based Industrial Park
指導教授:洪世章洪世章引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shin-Chang Hung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:173
中文關鍵詞:創新系統制度新竹科學工業園區共演台灣高科技廠商
外文關鍵詞:innovation systemsinstitutionsHsin-chu science-based industrial parkco-evolutionTaiwanese hi-tech firms
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:413
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:83
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本論文研究目的係依循洪世章(2002a)之研究構想,繼續以厚實描述的方式對新竹科學工業園區從1978年籌設至2002年的發展過程撰寫敘事體,並加以視覺化的方式呈現其在「制度面影響」、「技術面影響」、「企業適應行為」三者之間的動態共演化發展過程,希冀彌補新竹科學工業園區在實際研究上之不足。研究方法採用強調過程的歷史性數質研究法,並訪談各界利害關係者與專家,企圖由不同角度來觀察園區發展的面貌。本文最後針對研究發現提出結論、理論貢獻與實務意涵、研究限制以及未來研究建議。
This paper follows Hung’s(2002a)conceptual frameworkcentered on the co-evolution of institutions, technologies, and organizations and analyzes the development of HSIP from 1978 to 2002 by thick description to recover the insufficiency of existing research of HSIP. The methodology used is orientational qualitative inquiry. We also interviewed some stakeholders and experts to understand the development and change of HSIP from different perspectives. We conclude the paper by discussing implications for theory, practice, limitations and future research.
摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝辭(ACKNOWLEDGEMENT) III
目 錄(CONTENT) V
圖目錄(CONTENT OF FIGURES) VII
表目錄(CONTENT OF TABLES) X
第1章 緒 論(INTRODUCTION) 1
第2章 研究方法(RESEARCH METHOD) 6
2.1 研究策略(RESEARCH STRATEGY) 6
2.2 資料來源(DATA SOURCE) 8
2.3 資料分析方式(ANALYSIS STRATEGY) 11
第3章 新竹科學工業園區發展史(DEVELOPMENT OF HSIP) 13
3.1 新竹科學工業園區之現況(CURRENT STATUS OF HSIP) 14
3.2 新竹科學工業園區之緣起(ORIGINS OF HSIP) 16
3.3 萌芽期(1978~1990)(INITIAL STAGE) 18
3.4 成長期(1991~1996)(GROWING STAGE) 28
3.5 成熟期(1997~2002)(MATURE STAGE) 36
3.6 研究分析(ANALYSIS) 41
第4章 結論與建議(DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSIONS) 45
4.1 研究結論(CONCLUSIONS) 45
4.2 研究貢獻(CONTRIBTIONS) 46
4.3 研究限制與未來研究方向(LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH) 47
參考文獻(REFERENCE) 48
附錄一 新竹科學工業園區大事年表(CHRONOLOGY OF HSIP) 51
附錄二 新竹科學工業園區歷任局長(DIRECTOR GENERAL OF HSIP) 67
附錄三 竹科六大產業發展(DEVELOPMENT OF SIX INDUSTRIES) 68
附錄四 訪談記錄(RECORD OF INTERVIEWS) 86
附錄五 新竹科學工業園區整體及六大產業統計指標(STATISTICS OF HSIP) 117
一、園區整體產業統計指標(STATISTICS OF COMBINED INDUSTRIES) 118
二、園區六大產業個別統計指標(STATISTICS OF INDIVIDUAL INDUSTRIES) 123
三、園區六大產業統計指標比較(COMPARATIVE STATISTICS BY INDUSTRY) 153
四、其他(OTHERS) 169














圖目錄(Content of Figures)
圖1-1 觀念性架構(CONCEPTUAL FRAMWORK) 3
圖1-2 本研究之流程(PROCESS OF RESEARCH) 5
圖3-1 新竹科學園區資金來源(2003年底)(GROWTH OF PAY-IN CAPITAL BY SOURCE OF CAPITAL, DEC. 2003) 14
圖3-2 六大產業對園區營業額之貢獻比率(SALES RATIO BY INDUSTRY) 15
圖3-3 五大產業營業額成長率趨勢比較(GROWTH RATE OF FIVE INDUSTRY) 26
圖3-4 IC、電腦及週邊、通訊、光電產業與園區整體營業額比較(SALES OF I.C.,P.C.,TELECOM.,OPTP. AND HSIP) 29
圖3 5 台灣FABLESS IC設計公司歷年營收成長(ANNUAL SALES OF TAIWAN FABLESS IC COMPANY) 34
圖3-6 園區整體產業 研發經費/營業額比例(R&D EXPENDITURE/SALES OF HSIP) 39
圖3-7 園區專利件數(國內)(NUMBER OF DOMESTIC PATENTS) 39

附錄五圖目錄(Content of Figures for Appendix 5)
FIGURE 1-A 廠商家數(NUMBER OF FIRMS) 119
FIGURE 1-B 員工人數(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES) 119
FIGURE 1-C 資本額(CAPITALS) 120
FIGURE 1-D 營業額及成長率(CORPORATE SALES & GROWTH RATE) 120
FIGURE 1-E 研發經費支出(R&D EXPENDITURES) 121
FIGURE 1-F 研發經費/營業額比例(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES) 121
FIGURE 1-G 專利件數(NUMBER OF PATENTS) 122
FIGURE 1-H 勞動生產力(LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES) 122
FIGURE 2-1-A 積體電路產業廠商家數(NUMBER OF FIRMS-I.C.) 124
FIGURE 2-1-B 積體電路產業員工人數(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES-I.C.) 124
FIGURE 2-1-C 積體電路產業資本額(CAPITALS OF I.C.) 125
FIGURE 2-1-D積體電路產業營業額及成長率(CORPORATE SALES & GROWTH RATE-I.C.) 125
FIGURE 2-1-E積體電路產業研發經費支出(R&D EXPENDITURES-I.C.) 126
FIGURE 2-1-F積體電路產業研發經費/營業額比例(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES-I.C.) 126
FIGURE 2-1-G積體電路產業專利件數(NUMBER OF PATENTS-I.C.) 127
FIGURE 2-1-H積體電路產業勞動生產力(LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES-I.C.) 127
FIGURE 2-2-A 電腦及週邊產業廠商家數(NUMBER OF FIRMS-P.C.) 129
FIGURE 2-2-B 電腦及週邊產業員工人數(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES-P.C.) 129
FIGURE 2-2-C 電腦及週邊產業資本額(CAPITALS OF P.C.) 130
FIGURE 2-2-D 電腦及週邊產業營業額及成長率(CORPORATE SALES & GROWTH RATE-P.C.) 130
FIGURE 2-2-E 電腦及週邊產業研發經費支出(R&D EXPENDITURES-P.C.) 131
FIGURE 2-2-F 電腦及週邊產業研發經費/營業額比例(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES-P.C.) 131
FIGURE 2-2-G 電腦及週邊產業專利件數(NUMBER OF PATENTS-P.C.) 132
FIGURE 2-2-H 電腦及週邊產業勞動生產力(LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES-P.C.) 132
FIGURE 2-3-A 通訊產業廠商家數(NUMBER OF FIRMS -TELECOM.) 134
FIGURE 2-3-B通訊產業員工人數(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES -TELECOM.) 134
FIGURE 2-3-C通訊產業資本額(CAPITALS OF TELECOM.) 135
FIGURE 2-3-D 通訊產業營業額及成長率(CORPORATE SALES & GROWTH RATE-TELECOM.) 135
FIGURE 2-3-E通訊產業研發經費支出(R&D EXPENDITURES- TELECOM.) 136
FIGURE 2-3-F通訊產業研發經費/營業額比例(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES- TELECOM.) 136
FIGURE 2-3-G通訊產業專利件數(NUMBER OF PATENTS-TELECOM.) 137
FIGURE 2-3-H 通訊產業勞動生產力(LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES-TELECOM.) 137
FIGURE 2-4-A 光電產業廠商家數(NUMBER OF FIRMS-OPTO.) 139
FIGURE 2-4-B 光電產業員工人數(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES-OPTO.) 139
FIGURE 2-4-C 光電產業資本額(CAPITALS OF OPTO.) 140
FIGURE 2-4-D 光電產業營業額及成長率(CORPORATE SALES & GROWTH RATE-OPTO.) 140
FIGURE 2-4-E 光電產業研發經費支出(R&D EXPENDITURES-OPTO.) 141
FIGURE 2-4-F 光電產業研發經費/營業額比例(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES-OPTO.) 141
FIGURE 2-4-G 光電產業專利件數(NUMBER OF PATENTS-OPTO.) 142
FIGURE 2-4-H 光電產業勞動生產力(LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES-OPTO.) 142
FIGURE 2-5-A 精密機械產業廠商家數(NUMBER OF FIRMS-PRE.MACH.) 144
FIGURE 2-5-B 精密機械產業員工人數(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES-PRE.MACH.) 144
FIGURE 2-5-C 精密機械產業資本額(CAPITALS OF PRE.MACH.) 145
FIGURE 2-5-D 精密機械產業營業額及成長率(CORPORATE SALES & GROWTH RATE-PRE.MACH.) 145
FIGURE 2-5-E 精密機械產業研發經費支出(R&D EXPENDITURES-PRE.MACH.) 146
FIGURE 2-5-F 精密機械產業研發經費/營業額比例(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES-PRE.MACH.) 146
FIGURE 2-5-G 精密機械產業專利件數(NUMBER OF PATENTS-PRE.MACH.) 147
FIGURE 2-5-H 精密機械產業勞動生產力(LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES-PRE.MACH.) 147
FIGURE 2-6-A 生物技術產業廠商家數(NUMBER OF FIRMS-BIOTECH.) 149
FIGURE 2-6-B 生物技術產業員工人數(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES-BIOTECH.) 149
FIGURE 2-6-C 生物技術產業資本額(CAPITALS OF BIOTECH.) 150
FIGURE 2-6-D 生物技術產業營業額及成長率(CORPORATE SALES & GROWTH RATE-BIOTECH.) 150
FIGURE 2-6-E 生物技術產業研發經費支出(R&D EXPENDITURES-BIOTECH.) 151
FIGURE 2-6-F 生物技術產業研發經費/營業額比例(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES-BIOTECH.) 151
FIGURE 2-6-G 生物技術產業專利件數(NUMBER OF PATENTS-BIOTECH.) 152
FIGURE 3-A 廠商家數比較(NUMBER OF FIRMS BY INDUSTRY) 154
FIGURE 3-B 員工人數比較(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES BY INDUSTRY) 156
FIGURE 3-C 資本額比較(CAPITALS BY INDUSTRY) 158
FIGURE 3-D-1 營業額比較(CORPORATE SALES BY INDUSTRY) 160
FIGURE 3-D-2 營業額貢獻比率(SALES RATIO BY INDUSTRY) 161
FIGURE 3-E 營業額成長率(GROWTH RATE BY INDUSTRY) 162
FIGURE 3-F 研發經費支出比較(R&D EXPENDITURES BY INDUSTRY) 163
FIGURE 3-G研發經費/營業額比例之比較(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES BY INDUSTRY) 164
FIGURE 3-H 國內專利件數比較(NUMBER OF DOMESTIC PATENTS BY INDUSTRY) 165
FIGURE 3-I 國外專利件數比較(NUMBER OF FOREIGN PATENTS BY INDUSTRY) 166
FIGURE 3-J 勞動生產力比較(LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES BY INDUSTRY) 166
FIGURE 4-1. 園區歷年實收資本額之成長-依資金來源分(GROWTH OF PAY-IN CAPITAL BY SOURCE OF CAPITAL) 170
FIGURE 4-1-1 園區2003年實收資本額-依資金來源分(GROWTH OF PAY-IN CAPITAL BY SOURCE OF CAPITAL, DEC. 2003) 170
FIGURE 4-2 園區歷年就業員工數之成長-依教育程度分,不含外勞(GROWTH OF EMPLOYEES NUMBER BY EDUCATION, NOT INCLUDING FOREIGN LABER) 172
FIGURE 4-2-1 園區從業人員教育程度-2003年底(EMPLOYEE EDUCATION BACKGROUNG, DEC. 2003) 172
FIGURE 4-3 園區歷年出/進口貿易額及成長率(ANNUAL EXPORT/IMPORT TRADE & GROWTH RATE) 173






表目錄(Content of Tables)
表2-1 受訪者資料(DATA OF INTERVIEWEES) 9
表3-1 2003年園區產業概況表(STATUS OF INDIVIDUAL INDUSTRIES, DEC. 2003) 15
表3-2 台灣九家TFT-LCD概況(STATUS OF TAIWAN TFT-LCD COMPANIES) 38

附錄五表目錄(Content of Tables for Appendix 5)
TABLE1-1園區整體產業統計指標(STATISTICS OF COMBINED INDUSTRIES) 118
TABLE 2-1 積體電路產業(INTEGRATED CIRCUITS) 123
TABLE 2-2 電腦及週邊產業(COMPUTERS & PERIPHERALS) 128
TABLE 2-3 通訊產業(TELECOMMUNICATIONS) 133
TABLE 2-4 光電產業(OPTOELECTRONICS) 138
TABLE 2-5 精密機械產業(PRECISION MACHINERY) 143
TABLE 2-6 生物技術產業(BIOTECHNOLOGY) 148
TABLE 3-A 廠商家數比較(NUMBER OF FIRMS BY INDUSTRY) 153
TABLE 3-B員工人數比較(NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES BY INDUSTRY) 155
TABLE 3-C資本額比較(CAPITALS BY INDUSTRY) 157
TABLE 3-D營業額比較(COPORATE SALES BY INDUSTRY) 159
TABLE 3-E營業額成長率比較(GROWTH RATE BY INDUSTRY) 162
TABLE 3-F 研發經費支出比較(R&D EXPENDITURES BY INDUSTRY) 163
TABLE 3-G研發經費/營業額比例比較(R&D EXPENDITURES/SALES BY INDUSTRY) 164
TABLE 3-H 國內專利件數比較(NUMBER OF DOMESTIC PATENTS BY INDUSTRY) 165
TABLE 3-I 國外專利件數比較(NUMBER OF FOREIGN PATENTS BY INDUSTRY) 166
TABLE 3-J 勞動生產力比較(LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES BY INDUSTRY) 167
TABLE 4-1 園區歷年實收資本額之成長-依資金來源分(GROWTH OF PAY-IN CAPITAL BY SOURCE OF CAPITAL) 169
TABLE 4-1-1 園區2003年實收資本額-依資金來源分(GROWTH OF PAY-IN CAPITAL BY SOURCE OF CAPITAL, DEC. 2003) 170
TABLE 4-2 園區歷年就業員工數之成長-依教育程度分,不含外勞(GROWTH OF EMPLOYEES NUMBER BY EDUCATION, NOT INCLUDING FOREIGN LABER) 171
TABLE 4-3 園區歷年出/進口貿易額及成長率(ANNUAL EXPORT/IMPORT TRADE & GROWTH RATE) 173
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