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研究生:曾舜文
論文名稱:策略聯盟、智慧資本與企業價值創造:美國生技產業之實證研究
論文名稱(外文):STRATEGIC ALLIANCE, INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL AND VALUE CREATION: An Empirical Study of U.S. Biotechnology Industry
指導教授:林博文林博文引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:策略聯盟智慧資本企業價值創造美國生技公司
外文關鍵詞:Strategic AllianceIntellectual CapitalValue CreationU.S. Biotechnology Firms
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策略聯盟與智慧資本在現今的生技產業中扮演著重要的角色,因此本研究檢視以上兩者之間的關係,並且進一步探討其對企業價值之影響。本研究以1990年至2000年美國188家生技公司的策略聯盟經歷做為範本,再依據策略夥伴的性質加以區分為不同的聯盟模式,驗證在生技產業內不同的聯盟夥伴對於智慧資本產出及企業價值創造的影響。透過相關性及迴歸等分析,本研究發現生技公司參與聯盟合作會減低其智慧資本產出,尤其以跨產業的策略聯盟—即生技公司與製藥公司之間的合作—影響最為顯著。就公司市場評價(market valuation)及獲利(profitability)兩方面而言,研究所得之結果顯示策略聯盟本身對於企業價值並無顯著影響;然而智慧資本卻有助於提昇其公司市場評價。從核心技術的角度來檢視策略聯盟與智慧資本對於企業價值的影響,實證結果顯示策略聯盟與公司核心技術相關之智慧資本對生技公司的市場評價會產生正面的加分效果;相反地,策略聯盟與非關於公司核心技術之智慧資本則會對生技公司在市場評價上產生負面的影響。最終,研究結果發現在涉及公司核心技術相關之智慧資本時,同業間的策略聯盟—即生技公司與生技公司之間的合作—將會對公司的市場評價造成顯著的負面影響;而跨產業的策略聯盟卻會對生技公司的市場評價形成明顯的正面影響。因此,聯盟夥伴類型及技術研發方向會影響生技公司的企業價值。
Strategic alliance is one of the key strategies employed by biotechnology firms to gain access to valuable resources. At the same time, intellectual capital is the cornerstone of biotechnology firms for maintaining competitive advantage and sustainability in the market. Hence, this study investigates the relationship between these two elements as well as their transformations to firm value, and determines the effects of strategic alliances on the developments of intellectual capital and value creation of firms. Data for this investigation are drawn from a sample of 188 biotechnology firms in the United States from 1990 to 2000. Empirical analysis is conducted using correlation and regression analyses.

Key findings from the empirical analyses indicate that there is a systematically negative association between strategic alliance participation and intellectual capital creation. Moreover, this adverse effect on intellectual capital creation is consistent across different combinations of alliance partners, but with varying degrees of significance. Empirical findings also suggest that intellectual capital is a significant and positive-correlated element of market valuation for biotechnology firms. Finally, one concludes that strategic alliances alone generally do not demonstrate significant impact on firm value; the effect is better observed when alliances are evaluated together with firm’s intellectual capital. Empirical results from this study indicate that firms with more core-technology-related intellectual capital will improve their market valuation when they enter into inter-industry alliances, but deteriorate their market valuation when they join inter-firm alliances. Thus, the choice of alliance partners and the focus of intellectual developmnet are both critical elements that can influence value creation of biotechnology firms participating in strategic alliances.
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