跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.110.106) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/25 23:37
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:蔡朝陽
論文名稱:空氣中C2至C10之醛酮醇類分析方法的建立
論文名稱(外文):Development of an analytical method for measuring the C2-C10 aldehydes、alcohols and ketones in Ambient Air
指導教授:羅俊光羅俊光引用關係吳劍侯
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:原子科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:核子工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:C2至C10之醛酮醇類GC-MS-FID
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:189
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:26
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究的目的為建立一套「空氣中C2至C10之醛酮醇類分析方法」,目標物種共有26個。本研究以不�袗�採樣罐作為採樣介質,樣品在進樣之前會先被冷凝在去活化玻璃珠上作一前濃縮的處理,再瞬間加熱脫附樣品進入氣相層析儀作分析。分析系統方面使用雙管柱搭配兩個偵檢器:其中RTX-502.2管柱連接到質譜儀主要用來檢測24種極性物種而CP-WAX管柱則連接到火焰離子偵檢器上主要用來檢測丙酮與丙醛。本方法的精密度、準確度、平均回收率和偵測極限除了辛醇以外為±20% 、±30% 、70%~130%以及20ppbv以內,因為辛醇的蒸氣壓很低,造成它的品保品管的數據都比其他物種差。檢量線的線性範圍在5 ~150ppbv之間。在真實樣品測試中在新竹縣工業區共測到9個物種(乙醛、丙醛、丙酮、丁醛、丁酮、3-庚酮、2-庚酮、辛酮和壬酮),總樣品濃度為50.34ppbv。
An analytical method is designed , developed and tested for determining 26 polar compounds ( C2-C10 aldehydes , alcohols , ketones ) in the ppmv-ppbv range . This method uses canisters as samplers. Air sample is trapped on glass beads for pre-concentration and thermally desorped into capillary column. Dual columns coupled with dual detectors, RTX 502.2 with MS and CP-WAX with FID , are used. The CP-WAX column is used to determine acetone and propanal and the other compounds are determined using RTX 502.2 column with MS . The precision, accuracy, average recovery and MDL of the developed techniques is in the range of ±20%, ±30%, 70%~130% and 20ppbv, respectively, except for 1-octanol due to its lower vapor pressure. The sum of target compound (acetaldehyde, propanal, acetone, butyraldehyde, 2-butanone, 3-heptanone, 2-heptanone, 2-octanone and 2-nonanone) concentration of real sample collect from an industrial area of Hsin Chu county measured an average of 50.34ppbv in ambient air.
目次 頁次
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
謝誌 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 IX

第一章 序論
1.1研究緣由 1
1.2研究目的 3

第二章 文獻回顧
2.1 醛酮醇類分析方法的比較 6
2.2 採樣介質 7
2.3 前濃縮處理部分 8
2.3.1 玻璃珠 9
2.3.2 吸附劑 9
2.4 偵檢器 10
2.4.1 質譜儀 10
2.4.2 火焰離子偵檢器 11
2.5分析方法的干擾 12

第三章 實驗與研究方法
3.1 目標分析物 17
3.2 儀器設備 17
3.2.1採樣設備 17
3.2.1.1不鏽鋼採樣罐 17
3.2.1.2不鏽鋼罐真空清洗系統 17
3.2.2 分析設備 18
3.2.2.1 十六組不�袗�瓶自動進樣系統 18
3.2.2.2 質量流速控制器 18
3.2.2.3 樣品前濃縮捕捉系統 18
3.2.2.4 氣相層析與偵檢系統 19
3.2.2.5 分離管柱 20
3.2.2.6 質譜儀 20
3.3分析流程 20
3.3.1 分析系統準備與調整 20
3.3.2 採樣罐清洗系統與測試 21
3.3.3 標準品配置 22
3.4 最佳分析條件尋找 24
3.4.1最佳昇溫梯度測試 24
3.4.2最佳進樣速度測試 24
3.4.3 物種特性測試 24
3.4.4 採樣罐加熱測試 25
3.4.5最佳前濃縮捕捉溫度測試 25
3.4.6最佳脫附溫度測試 25
3.4.7樣品儲存穩定性測試 26
3.4.8真實樣品測試 26
3.5 分析方法的接受性評估 26

第四章 結果與討論
4.1 管柱分析條件 35
4.2 清洗系統 36
4.3 進樣流速與進樣量 37
4.4冷凝前濃縮處理最佳化條件 38
4.4.1冷凝溫度 38
4.4.2 脫附溫度 39
4.5 進樣溫度 40
4.6 樣品特性測試 41
4.7 樣品儲存穩定性 42
4.8分析方法接受性評估 43
4.9 真實樣品 44

第五章 結論

第六章 參考文獻
1.張志忠, 揮發性有機化合物自動化氣相層析質譜儀分析方法建立與應用 國立清華大學原子科學系博士論文. 2002.
2.U.S. EPA. Compendium Method TO-1, The determination of toxic organic compounds in ambient air. 1984.
3.U.S. EPA. Compendium method TO-14A, The determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ambient air using specially prepared canisters with subsequent analysis by gas chromatography. 1999.
4.U.S. EPA. Compendium method TO-15, The determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air collected in specially prepared canisters and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(GC/MS). 1999.
5.行政院環保署環境檢驗所, 不�袗�採樣筒/氣相層析質譜儀法, NIEA.A715.11B.2000. (http://www.niea.gov.tw/analysis/method/ListMethod.asp?methodtype=AIR)
6.Hsieh, C.C., Chang, K.H., Wang, L.T. “Ambient concentrations of biogenic volatile organic compounds in Southern Taiwan” Chemosphere. 39(5), 731-744, 1999.
7.ACE2588模式中基本毒物性質參考數據,醫學資料檢索系統所屬毒理資訊網的子系統綜合風險資訊系統資料(IRIS)
8.工業技術研究院工安衛中心,物質安全資料卡, 1994.
9.勞工安全研究所資料庫物質安全資料表(http://www.iosh.gov.tw/frame.htm)
10.莊智傑 有機化學(上冊) 8:161~170,10:197~227, 1997.
11.吳思敬,嚴國欽 數種市售食用油酯的理化特性與油煙致突變性Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. 8(2), 133-140, 2000
12.J.WILDT, K. KOBEL, “Emission of Oxygenated Volatile Organic Compounds from Plants Part II: Emissions of Saturated Aldehydes” Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry. 45, 173–196, 2003.
13.A.T.Hodgson, D.Beal, “Sources of Formaldehyde, Other Aldehydes and Terpenes in a New Manufactured House” Indoor Air. 12(4), 235-242, 2002.
14.J.-P. SCHNITZLER1, N. BAUKNECHT, “Emission of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds: An Overview of Field, Laboratory and Modelling Studies Performed during the Tropospheric Research Program 1997–2000” Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry. 42, 159–177, 2002.
15.楊明益. 高屏地區大氣醛酮化合物與臭氧污染事件關聯性
國立成功大學環境工程研究學系 碩士論文. 2000.
16.U.S. EPA. Compendium Method TO-5, METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF ALDEHYDES AND KETONES IN AMBIENT AIR USING HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC). 1984.
17.JULIA HURST BOWMAN, DENNIS J, “ATMOSPHERIC Chemistry of Nonanal” Environmental Science and Technology. 37, 2218-2225, 2003.
18.M. Possanzini*, V. Di Palo, “Dynamic system for the calibration of semi-volatile carbonyl compounds in air” Journal of Chromatography A. 883, 171-183, 2000.
19.Glenn C. Morrison*, Carleton J. Howard, “Selective detection of gas-phase aldehydes and ketones using protonated hydrazine” International Journal of Mass Spectrometry. 210/211, 503-509, 2001.
20.Vivek Jain*, Daniel Thielen, “Determination of aldehydes in basic medium by gas chromatography using O-benzylhydroxylamine derivatization” Journal of Chromatography A. 709, 387-392, 1995.
21.S.-W. Tsai*, T.-A. Chang, “Time-weighted average sampling of airborne n-valeraldehyde by a solid-phase microextration device” Journal of Chromatography A. 954, 191-198, 2002.
22.馮健泰. 空氣與水體中揮發性有機化合物自動化採樣與分析
國立清華大學原子科學系碩士論文. 2002.
23.Detlev Helmig*, “Review Air analysis by gas chromatography” Journal of Chromatography A. 843, 129-146, 1999.
24.楊廣苓, 羅俊光,氣態有機污染物自動採樣分析儀.
科儀新知第十八卷四期.
25.Hsien-Wen Kuo, Hsien-Chi Wei, “Exposure to volatile organic compounds while commuting in Taichung, Taiwan” Atmospheric Environment. 34, 3331, 2000.
26.James F. Pankow, Wentai Luo, “Determination of a Wide Range of Volatile Organic Compounds in Ambient Air Using Multisorbent Adsorption/Thermal Desorption and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry” Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 70, 5213, 1998.
27.Hans-Joachim Hubschmann, Handbook of GC/MS.2002.
28.1-Fu Hung, Shu-An Lee, Ren-Kun Chen, “Simultaneous determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes in urine by thermal desorption-gas chromatography” Journal of Chromatography B. 706, 352, 1998.
29.林裕聰 高雄地區臭氧前驅物與石化工業之相關性研究
國立清華大學碩士論文,2001.
30.Noriko Yamamoto, Hideki Okayasu, Takamititsu Hiraiwa, Satoru Murayama, Tuneaki Maeda, Masatoshi Morita, Koji Suzuki, “Continuous determination of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere by an automated gas chromatographic system” Journal of Chromatography A. 819, 177, 1998.
31.Noureddine Yassaa, Brahim Youcef Meklati, Angilo Cecinato, “Analysis of volatile organic compounds in the ambient air of Algiers by gas chromatography with a β-cyclodextrin capillary column” Journal of Chromatography A. 846, 287, 1999.
32.Naduoua Chanegriha, Aoumer Baaliouamer, Christian Rolando, “Polarity changes during capillary gas chromatographic and gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis using serially coupled columns of different natures and temperature programming Application to the identification of constituents of essential oils” Journal of Chromatography A. 819, 61, 1998.
33.Balazs Tolnai, Andras Gelencser, Csilla Gal, Jozef Hlavay, “Evaluation of the reliability of diffusive sampling in environmental monitoring” Analytical Chimica Acta. 408, 117, 2000.
34.Meng-Yan Nie, Liang-Mo Zhou, Xue-Liang Liu, Qing-Hai, Dao-Qian Zhu, “Gas chromatographic enantiomer separation on long-chain alkylated β-cyclodextrin chiral stationary phases” Analytical Chimica Acta. 408, 279, 2000.
35.凌永健,洪長春,鄧慧卿,雷逸智, 環境分析用質譜儀,科儀新知第十七卷五期。
36.Ravindra K. Mariwala, Madhav Acharya, Henry C. Foley, “Adsorption of halocarbons on a carbon molecular sieve” Journal of Chromatography A. 22, 281, 1998.
37.吳仁彰 氣相層析儀/熱感偵測器之靈敏度分析法在氣體濃度定量上的應用,科儀新知第十九卷三期。
38.Raymond E. March, “An Introduction to Quadrupole Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry” International Journal of Mass Spectrometry. 32, 351-369, 1997.
39.何國榮,鄭杏玲 快速氣相層析質譜儀,科儀新知第十九卷第三期。
40.石東生 行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所,國內工業常用有害物穩定性測試, 1996 (http://www.iosh.gov.tw/data/f8/85a313.htm)
41.Oscar Ezquerro, Begona Pons, “Direct quantitation of volatile organic compounds in packing materials by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry” Journal of Chromatography A. 985, 247-257, 2003.
42.Randal S, Martin Nonmethane Hydrocarbon, Monocarboxylic, “Acid, and Low molecular Weight Aldehyde and Ketone Emissions From Vegetation in Central New Mexico” Environmental Science and Technology. 33, 2186-2192, 1999.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top