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研究生:蔡英傑
研究生(外文):Ying-Chieh Tsai
論文名稱:靈敏度增強型光學外差式偏光儀之研發及其應用於對掌性物質的旋光角度量測
論文名稱(外文):A sensitivity-enhanced optical heterodyne polarimeter for the measurement of optical rotation angle of chiral media
指導教授:吳見明
指導教授(外文):Chien-Ming Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:原子科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:核子工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:旋光對掌性偏光儀外差干涉
外文關鍵詞:optical rotationchiralpolarimeterheterodyne interferometry
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:222
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:33
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在此次的研究中,我們發展了一種新型的光學外差式偏光儀,以用來量測對掌性物質溶液的濃度。而為了要減少量測中的環境對訊號所產生的干擾,TE和TM光波的共光程干涉技術被運用在我們的系統架構中,並且擺放一個相位可調式波片在樣品後面,利用它去增強樣品造成偏振態旋轉所引起的相位訊號,而當相位可調式波片的相位延遲量接近180度時,這個增強的能力可以超過100倍。在實驗中,利用我們所發展出來新的靈敏度增強型之偏光儀去進行葡萄糖溶液旋光量測,當調整相位可調式波片的相位延遲量為177.307度,且考慮相位可調式波片快軸軸向的誤差時,其角度放大倍率範圍為-57.853 ~ -60.091,經過計算得到的角度解析能力範圍為6.16×10-4 ~ 6.40×10-4度,其對應的濃度解析能力範圍為13.48 ~ 14.00 mg/dl。我們預期系統在經過改善後,此新型的偏光儀未來將可被運用於糖尿病患非侵入式的血糖濃度監測。
A novel heterodyne polarimeter is designed to measure the concentration of chiral media. Optical common-path for the interference of the TE and TM waves, after a polarizer, is set up in our system to reduce noises from the environment. A phase-variable waveplate is placed behind the sample to enhance the phase signal change of rotation of polarization introduced by the sample itself. This enhancement can be excess two orders in amplitude when the retardation of the phase-variable plate is set close to 180 degree. With this polarimeter, the enhancement is -57.853 ~ -60.091 when the phase retardation of the phase-variable waveplate is 177.307 degree and considering the error of orientation angle. After calculating, the measurement of optical rotation angle of glucose solution with high resolution of 6.16×10-4 ~ 6.40×10-4 degree experimentally can be achieved, corresponding to concentration resolution of 13.48 ~ 14.00 mg/dl. We expect that, by further improvement, it can be applied in noninvasive blood glucose concentration monitoring for diabetics in the future.
目 錄

中文摘要.........................Ⅰ
英文摘要.........................Ⅱ
誌謝...........................Ⅲ
目錄...........................Ⅳ
圖目錄..........................Ⅵ
表目錄..........................Ⅸ
第一章 緒論 .......................1
1.1 研究動機......................1
1.2 文獻回顧......................3
1.3 研究方法..................... 12
第二章 光學活性與共光程外差干涉儀............14
2.1 光學活性 .....................14
2.1.1 前言 .....................14
2.1.2 形成光學活性的要件...............15
2.1.3 光學對旋光現象的解釋..............16
2.2 共光程外差干涉儀 .................18
2.2.1 前言......................18
2.2.2 原理......................18
2.2.3 基本架構....................20
第三章 實驗架構與理論模擬................22
3.1 實驗架構 .....................22
3.2 理論計算及模擬 ..................25
3.2.1 瓊斯矩陣....................25
3.2.2 模擬......................28
3.3 小結 .......................36
第四章 結果與討論....................38
4.1 前言 .......................38
4.2 相位延遲波片之架設與使用 .............38
4.3 區段上訊號跳動之探討 ...............41
4.4 旋光角度量測 ...................43
4.5 實驗結果討論 ...................47
第五章 結論.......................52
參考文獻.........................54
參考文獻

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