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研究生:黃寰耀
研究生(外文):Huan-Yau, Huang
論文名稱:環境管制對廠商競爭力之影響-四類水污染產之實證分析
指導教授:陸怡蕙陸怡蕙引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:誘發創新環境管制廠啇競爭力資料包絡分析法水污染產業
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隨著各先進國家國民所得提高,國民對於生活品質的要求增加,各國對於環境資源的重視也隨之提昇;然而在工業革命之後,大量環境資源被犧牲以換取高速經濟成長,造成各種污染問題日趨嚴重。環境管制逐漸為各國政府所重視,然而在進行環境管制後對於產業競爭力的影響為何?則是自1970以來美國制訂環境管制標準後,成為許多學者關注焦點。

本研究利用三階段資料包絡法驗證環境管制與廠商競爭力之間關係。同時比較環境管制因素影響下四類水污染產業之前後管理效率差異,驗證環境管制與廠商競爭力方法,找出環境管制對廠商造成管理效率之影響。擬參考Fried et al.(1999) 及Fried et al.(2002)的理論架構,建立本研究的實證模型,再界定本研究之投入產出變數,得到廠商技術效率及差額值,並根據廠商無效率成因選取適當差額解釋變數,及利用Gollop and Roberts (1983)觀念設立本研究環境管制變數,並比較環境管制變數調整前後效率值之差異。

最後實證結果顯示,本研究獲得不同於Gollop and Roberts(1983)及Conrad and Morrison(1989)的研究結果,是否考慮環境管制效果對於當期廠商競爭力並不一定有顯著之負向影響。而經由跨期效率值驗證Porter理論,可看出Hicks(1932)及Porter and Linde (1995)提出之誘發創新效果確實存在,但是並不如Porter and Linde或雙贏理論認為所預測的,完全抵減掉廠商由於服從管制造成之競爭力及管理效率的損失。
目錄....................................................Ⅰ
圖表目..................................................Ⅱ
第一章 緒...............................................1
 第一節 研究動機.......................................1
 第二節 研究方法與本文架構.............................2
第三節 研究流程.........................................3
第二章 文獻回顧.........................................4
 第一節 環境管制與產業競爭力...........................4
 第二節 誘發創新理論...................................6
 第三節 相關實證文獻檢閱..............................11
第三章 模型建立........................................13
 第一節 理論架構......................................13
 第二節 實證模型......................................20
第四章 實證結果分析....................................29
 第一節 產業特性......................................29
 第二節 資料來源與處理................................32
 第三節 實證結果分....................................33
第五章 結論............................................70
附錄....................................................72
參考文獻................................................80
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2.國內參考文獻
胡名雯、薛琦 (1997),「中小企業生產特性與效率之研究:台灣製造業之分析」,《經濟論文叢刊》, 25(1), 1-26。
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劉錦添 (1995), 「台灣製造業技術效率之實證分析」, 《經濟論文叢刊》, 23(2), 149-366。
李東杰 (2001), 《臺灣製造業中小企業考量地區特性影響下技術效率與生產力的變化:隨機性統計邊法與資料包絡分析法之比較》, 東吳大學經濟學系博士論文。
朱珊瑩 (1998),《污染防治與技術效率-台灣地區鋼鐵工業之實證研究》, 國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
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3.資料出處
____ ,(1989),「環境污染防治對產業發展之影響-鋼鐵業、水泥業、造紙業及石化業調查研究」, 《行政院經濟建設委員會經濟研究處》。
____ ,(1991),「環境污染防治對產業發展之影響-製造業之調查分析與實證研究《行政院經濟建設委員會經濟研究處》。
____ ,(1986, 1992, 1997), 「中華民國臺灣地區地方環境資訊」, 《行政院環境保護署》。
____ ,(1986, 1992, 1997),「環境白皮書」, 《行政院環境保護署》。
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