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研究生:游博清
論文名稱:小斯當東(GeorgeThomasStaunton-1781-1859)-19世紀的英國茶商、使者與中國通
指導教授:黃一農黃一農引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:歷史研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:歷史學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:小斯當東中國意象東印度公司大清律例異域錄
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在19世紀初期的來華英人中,小斯當東 (George Thomas Staunton, 1781-1859) 是以往學界研究此一時期中英關係史較為忽略的人物,然其豐富的中國經歷,個人集使者、茶商、中國通等角色於一身,是史家考察此段歷史不可多得的個案。

本論文嘗試透過這位特殊歷史人物的經歷,由馬戛爾尼使團侍童、東印度公司雇員、下議院議員三個不同的角色來瞭解他與中國的各種連結,並深入前人尚未提及的一些面向,如斯當東幼年到歐陸及中國的旅遊經驗,其手稿日記中對馬戛爾尼是否叩頭的記載;斯當東服務廣東商館時所翻譯之《英吉利國新出種痘奇書》與跛臣原稿間的差異;斯當東返英定居後對中國貿易的立場與主張,其中他與《愛丁堡季評 (Edinburgh Review)》撰文者克盧佛 (John Crawfurd)、麥克勞 (J. R. McCulloch) 有關開放中國貿易市場的論戰,先前學界似乎罕見討論。此外,斯當東的中國意象亦是本論文討論重點之一,其對於中國外交、法律有何想法?其見解有何時代意義性?

斯當東傳奇性的中國經歷是19世紀初期英國海外殖民探險的代表人物之一,本論文透過對其生平重要活動的描繪,除補遺先前中文學界對此人研究的缺漏外,筆者希望以其為例,進一步觸及較重要的層面,如歐人域外探險、「歷史哲學 (philosophical history )」史觀、英國自由貿易思潮與東印度公司、馬戛爾尼使團後英人的中國意象、東方主義、人類學研究、中西文化衝擊等問題,希能引發學界更多的討論。
Arriving in China’s British in 19th century initial period, George Thomas Staunton is the former scholars which this for a while Chinese and British relations history neglects, however his rich China experiences, individual volume of role, messenger, tea merchant, expert on China to a body, is the historian inspects this phase of history rare document.

This thesis attempt penetrates this special historical personage’s experience, the affiliation by Lord Macartney’s page boy, the East India Company employee, a MP of House of Commons three different roles understood his various links with China, and thorough predecessor not yet mentions some face. For example, his traveling experience of European and China in childhood, his draft manuscript diary about Lord Macartney whether kowtows or not; when George Thomas Staunton serves in Canton Factory, the difference between his translation and Alexander Pearson’s original manuscript; after Staunton returning to England to settle down, the Chinese trade standpoint and the position between he and John Crawfurd, J. R. McCulloch (Reviews of Edinburgh Review) related opens the Chinese trade market, formerly the scholars as if rarely discussed; in addition, George Thomas Staunton’s views on China also is one important views of this thesis discussions, his regarding the Chinese diplomacy, the law has what idea? his opinion has what time significance.

George Thomas Staunton’s legend China experiences is one of British overseas colonizes exploration representative personages in 19th century initial period, this thesis penetrates to the description of his biography key activities, besides the supplement formerly Chinese scholar’s insufficiency which studied about him, the author hoped take him as an example, further contacted some more important fields, like Europeans outside the territory exploration, philosophical history, the British free trade ideological trend and East India Company, the British views on China after Macartney Embassy, the Orientalism, the anthropology research, the China and the West culture impact and so on questions, hoped could evoke more discussions.
目次
中英文摘要
誌謝辭
圖片………………………………………………………………………i
第一章 緒論………………………………………………………… 1
  第一節 19世紀前中英關係簡述…………………………………1
  第二節 研究動機..………………………………………………6
  第三節 研究回顧…………………………………………………8
  第四節 研究方法與章節結構………………………………… 10
第二章 具語言天賦的馬戛爾尼使團侍童………………………… 12
  第一節 貴族式的幼年教育…………………………………… 12
  第二節 甫識東方文化的中國之旅…………………………… 16
  第三節 與權貴子弟競爭熱門的中國書記職缺……………… 20
第三章 任職東印度公司的茶商生涯……………………………… 22
第一節 初期苦悶的書記生活…………………………………… 23
第二節 任商館貨監時的傑出表現…………………………… 29
  第三節 進入決策委員會後的活躍果決……………………… 40
  第四節 熟稔中國事務的阿美士德使團副使………………… 45
第四章 英國早期「中國通」裡的佼佼者………………………… 52
第一節 對中國貿易的立場與主張…………………………… 54
第二節 著作等身的「中國通」……………………………… 63
第三節 推動漢學研究的各種努力…………………………… 70
第四節 斯當東的中國意象…………………………………… 72
第五節 另一個開始—鴉片戰爭時斯當東在國會的主戰演說…82
第五章 結論—鴉片戰爭前舊中國的見證者……………………… 86
參考文獻……………………………………………………………… 92
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