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研究生:周文怡
論文名稱:創傷弧菌高溶血突變株之鑑定與反應調節基因表現分析
論文名稱(外文):Characterization of a hyperhemolytic mutant and expression analysis of response regulator genes in Vibrio vulnificus
指導教授:張晃猷
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:分子醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:創傷弧菌轉位子標定突變法反應調節基因
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中文摘要
創傷弧菌是一種存在於海水中的革蘭氏陰性菌,在免疫缺損的病患能造成高死亡率。此菌含多種與致病有關的基因,為了了解其致病原理,最基本的工作就是先找出創傷弧菌的基因體中有哪些基因參與致病過程,以及致病過程中所扮演的角色。我們建立了一套適用於創傷弧菌的轉位子標定突變法,以卡那黴素抗藥性作為篩選的指標,構築一個轉位子突變株庫。將此突變株庫利用不同的生長環境篩選,得到一個具有高溶血能力的突變株WY005。為了了解是哪個基因受到轉位子插入而造成表型的改變,我將此菌的染色體DNA經部分接割後,粘接至載體,獲得轉位子所插入的基因片段。由序列分析得知,此基因為創傷弧菌質體pYJ016的pilT。PilT蛋白質是形成第四型纖毛的組成分之一,協助細菌運動及附著,文獻指出pilT突變株與細胞毒性有關,可能因此使得WY005具有破壞紅血球的能力 。此外,我選殖了創傷弧菌中的38個反應調節基因(response regulator)到pET表現載體上,並成功的表現出28種蛋白質;同時利用RNA dot blot的方法分析一些反應調節基因在不同生長條件下的表現量。結果發現phoB及gltR基因表現量在缺鐵及營養缺乏的條件下明顯的增加。此結果顯示此兩基因表現可能與創傷弧菌抵抗營養缺乏環境有關。
Abstract
Vibrio vulnificus, a gram-negative marine bacterium, is an opportunistic pathogen with a high invasive capability that causes high mortality in infected immunocompromised patients. In order to solve the problem of the bacterial infection, it is essential to understand the pathogenesis of the pathogen, particularly the virulence-associated genes and their roles in the infection process. In this study we have established a kanamycin resistance gene-based transposon mutagenesis system for use in V. vulnificus. A mutant WY005 which exhibited a high hemolytic ability was isolated. The transposon insertion site was cloned by seletion on kanamycin containing agar and the identity of the disrupted gene was determined by nucleotide sequencing. Sequence comparison in the GenBank database has demonstrated that the gene is pilT that is located on V. vulnificus plasmid pYJ016. PilT is a putative nucleotide-binding protein involved in function of type IV pili including movement and attachment to the host. In Neisseria, a PilT mutant has been reported to participate in release of heme from red blood cells. We also attempt to investigate the expression of response regulator gene in V.vulnificus. A total of 38 response regulators of V. vulnificus that contain a putative DNA binding motif were cloned and expressed. Among them 28 has successfully yielded a protein of expected sizes. Finally, using the RNA dot blotting, expression levels of 7 response regulator genes under different growth conditions were analyzed. The expression level of PhoB and gltR genes were found to be activated significantly under ferric limitation and minimum medium culture. The results suggest that the two response regulators play a role in counter nutrient limitation conditions in V.vulnificus.
Contents

Abstract (Chinese) i
Abstract (English) ii
Contents iv
Table contents vii
Figure contents viii
Appendix content x
Abbreviation xi
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1. Vibrio vulnificus 1
2. Biotypes 1
3. Host susceptibility 2
4. Clinical symptoms and treatment 3
5. virulence of V. vulnificus 4
6 Two component system 7
7 This study 9
Chapter 2. Materials and Methods 12
Bacterial strains and plasmids 12
Media, cultivation and storage of bacteria 12
Construction of Tn10 V. vulnificus YJ016 mutant libiary 12
Microbial sensitivity assays 12
Genomic DNA preparation and PCR 13
Southern hybridization 13
Bioinformatics analysis 14
Construction of expression plasmids of the response regulator 14
Expression of recombinant protein in E. coli 15
RNA preparation 15
RNA blotting 16
Preparation of 32P labeled probes 17
Hybridization of arrays and image analysis 17
Chapter 3. Results 19
Part 1 Isolation of Tn10 mutants of V. vulnificus 19
WY005 mutant has high hemolysis ability 19
WY005 mutant has a faster growth rate than the wild type 20
WY005 has a higher hemolytic activity under low-salt growth condition 20
Susceptiblity of V. vulnificus YJ016 and WY005 to antimicrobial agents 21
Southern blotting analysis and identification of the Tn10 insertion site in WY005 21
LF005 mutant doesn’t shown a high hemolytic activity 22
Part 2 Overexpression of 38 response regulators in E. coli 22
Part 3 Relative expression levels of the response regulators at different stress treatments 23
Chapter 4. Discussion 25
References 30
Tables and Figures 34
Appendix 50





Table contents
Table1. Bacterial strains and plasmids used in this study…...34
Table2. Primers used in this study………………….35 Table3. The response regulator genes investigated in this study…………………………………………………………...36
Table4. Sensitivity of YJ016 and WY005 to antimicrobial agents………………………………………………………….37









Figure contents
FIG.1. Hemolytic activity of WY005 and YJ016 on blood agar plate……………………………………….…………………..38
FIG.2. Growth curves of V. vulnificus YJ016 and WY005….39
FIG.3. Lysis of RBC’s by bacteria grown under different conditions……………………………….…………………….40
FIG.4. Sensitivity of V. vulnificus YJ016 and WY005 to antimicrobial agents…………………………………………..41
FIG.5. Southern blot analysis of the WY005 with differentrestrictionenzymes…………………………………...42
FIG.6. Schematic map of Tn10 and the flanking region…….43
FIG.7. Neucleotide sequence alignment of WY007 and pilT of Vibrio vulnificus YJ016……………………………………….44
FIG.8. Hemolytic activity of LF005 and YJ016 on blood agar plate……………………………………………………………45
FIG.9. 38 response regulator gene products amplification by PCR………………………………………………….….46
FIG.10. Expression of V. vulnificus response regulator genes in E. coli………………………………………………………....47
FIG.11. RNA dot blot ………………………………………48
FIG.12. Quantification of phoB and gilT gene expression….49

Appendix content
Appendix 1. The pET101/D-TOPO expression vector……50
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