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研究生:詹雅蘭
論文名稱:OAIS參考模式應用在國家檔案永久典藏機制之探討
指導教授:陳昭珍陳昭珍引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:圖書資訊學研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:圖書資訊檔案學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:263
中文關鍵詞:OAIS永久典藏公文檔案國家檔案電子檔案數位典藏數位資源
外文關鍵詞:OAISlong-term preservationnational archiveselectronic recordselectrnoic archives
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
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檔案是政府機關處理業務之公文,是人類傳承經驗與了解過去的重要資訊,隨著政府業務資訊化、電腦化,電子公文檔案透過網路,不但縮短了業務處理時間,且利於交換與使用,然而也造成電子檔案的典藏問題。此外,國家檔案的電子檔,因其為具有永久保存價值,因此本研究將探討國家檔案永久典藏機制。
  數位典藏的生命週期短暫,受限於軟硬體環境,加上檔案的儲存媒體損耗問題,使得數位資源的永久典藏面臨極大的挑戰。目前全球各國皆體認到數位資源永久典藏的困難,這幾年也不斷地投入研究計畫,其中OAIS參考模式為美國太空資訊系統諮詢委員會所發展,目前已通過ISO標準,可以應用於各種資料類型,而且OAIS參考模式提供了資訊模型及功能模型,其分別可做為詮釋資料格式設計及典藏系統規畫的參考。此外,OAIS參考模式為一個通用的架構,依OAIS參考模式的資訊模型所設計的詮釋資料格式,其檔案能互通與交換。
  本研究採用文獻分析法及訪談法。用文獻分析法以了解數位資源長久保存議題、國家檔案及電子檔案特質、數位資源永久典藏相關計畫,並深入分析OAIS參考模式之理論架構及其應用;訪談法則談訪檔案管理局人員,以實際了解國家檔案的電子檔案在長久保存方面的看法及需求。
  最後本研究依文獻分析及訪談調查結果,以OAIS參考模式規劃一個可應用於國家檔案的長久典藏系統,並設計三個資訊封包及其詮釋資料格式。此外,依據本研究結果,提出對檔案管理局之建議及未來研究建議,建議檔案管理局與機關協商傳送封包的規格及擬定相關法規,並對本研究規畫之系統與詮釋資料格式進行建置及修正,此外,針對檔案管理局、機關電子檔案長久保存、國家數位典藏三個方面提出未來研究建議。
Public records keep all information about the results of the government mechanism processes for decision-making and policies implementation. Government archives make people understand the convention of business processing in government. We need a certain kind of long-termed preservation mechanism for those national archives are worth keeping permanently in digital forms.
Computerization shortens government business processing time, and makes electronic documents online exchange easier. However, there are some problems for preservation obviously. The study discusses all issues about how to design a long-termed preservation mechanism for electronic records in National Archives Administration.
The life cycle of records stored in digital media is not as long as the printed material. One of solutions for electronic records preservation is OAIS reference model. It was developed by Consultative Committee and has become one of ISO standards. It includes information model for designing a long-term preservation metadata, function model for planning an archival system and principles for documents exchanging between organizations.
All known issues about electronic records applied literature review under OAIS reference model as the major methodology, including digital resources and the characteristics of national electronic archives. Draft requirements for digital archives long-term preservation based on staff opinion analysis in National Archive Administration, including preservation system of National Archives, three information packages, and metadata. Finally, the result of the study provided some future research recommendations in the end.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究問題 4
第四節 研究方法 5
第五節 研究範圍與限制 6
第六節 名詞解釋 6
第二章 文獻分析 8
第一節 數位資源的永久保存 8
第二節 國家檔案與電子檔案 31
第三節 數位典藏長久保存相關計畫 45
第四節 小結 64
第三章 研究設計與步驟 68
第一節 研究方法及工具 68
第二節 初步訪談大綱 69
第三節 訪談對象 70
第四節 研究實施與步驟 71
第四章 OAIS參考模式及相關研究 74
第一節 OAIS的工作內容及設計理念 74
第二節 OAIS的功能模型 76
第三節 OAIS的詮釋資料內涵 83
第四節 OAIS的長久保存策略 88
第五節 OAIS長久保存的詮釋資料格式
──以OCLC/RLG欄位為例 92
第六節 OAIS應用計畫──NEDLIB project 106
第七節 小結 114
第五章 專家訪談與系統設計 117
第一節 檔案局簡介 117
第二節 檔案局對檔案長久保存的觀念 120
第三節 檔案局的未來 128
第四節 系統規劃 129
第五節 封包及詮釋資料設計 137
第六節 小結 199
第六章 結論與建議 202
第一節 結論 202
第二節 建議 208
參考書目 210
附錄 220
附錄一:國家檔案描述標準格式與EAD對照表 220
附錄二: 訪談逐字稿 237
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王揮雄(民91)。荷蘭電子檔案管理現況。檔案季刊,1(2),94-109。
王揮雄(民92)。機關電子檔案管理發展方向。檔案季刊,2(2),75-88。
王麗蕉(民91)。檔案描述標準MARC AMC與EAD之對映。在中央研究院歷史語言所,檔案數位化典藏研討會論文集(頁2-14)台北市:數位典藏國家型科技計劃內容分項計劃。
行政院秘書處、行政院發展考核委員會、交通部行政院、主計處彙編(民91)。文書及檔案管理電腦化作業規範(修正版)。台北:行政院研究發展考核委員會。
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邱烔友(民91)。電子檔案管理制度之設計。檔案季刊,1(2),1-9。
邱菊梅(民92)。國家檔案資訊系統之規畫與展望。檔案季刊,2(2),99-114。
後設資料工作小組提供DC欄位一覽表,(http://www.sinica.edu.tw/~metadata/standard/dublincore-Chi.htm)
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陳志誠、詹培萱(民91)。檔案自動化芻議。檔案與微縮,66,27-36。
陳忠誠(民92)。檔案的社會功能(上)。檔案與微縮,70,1-13。
陳昭珍(民90)。電子資源的永久保存。佛教圖書館館訊,25,36-44。
陳昭珍(民91)。國家檔案數位典藏面臨的挑戰與發展方向。檔案季刊,1(1),61-68。
陳昭珍主持(民92)。我國國家檔案描述標準化之研究(檔案管理局委託研究)。台北市:檔案管理局。
陳昭珍主持;葉建華協同主持(民91)。電子檔案統一命名原則之研究(檔案管理局委託研究)。台北市:檔案管理局。
陳淑美(民91)。新加坡政府e化及國家檔案數位化發展概況。檔案季刊,1(4),108-113。
黃文珍(民91)。資訊生命週期與電子檔案法規。書苑,54,67-73。
歐陽崇榮(民91)。數位資訊保存之探討。檔案季刊,1(2),36-47。
歐陽崇榮、吳宣儒(民91)。從轉置策略看電子檔案之保存。檔案季刊,1(4),34-42。
檔案管理局之檔案法網頁,(http://www.archives.gov.tw/internet/c_law.aspx)
檔案管理局的全國檔案目錄查詢網,(http://near.archives.gov.tw/main.htm)
薛理桂(民87)。檔案學導論。台北市:漢美。
薛理桂(民92)。檔案學理論。台北市:文華。
竇薇薇(民92)。檔案編排與描述層級介紹:以美國APPM與英國MAD為例。檔案與微縮,70,40-49。
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van Diessen, R. J. & Steenbergen, J. F. (2002). The Long-Term Preservation Study of the DNEP project: an overview of the results. Netherlands: IBM/Koninklijke Bibliotheek. Retrieved November 3, 2003, from http://www-5.ibm.com/nl/dias/resource/overview.pdf
Victorian Electronic Records Strategy Project Team. (1998).Victorian Electronic Records Strategy Final Report. Victoria, Australia: Public Record Office Victoria. Retrieved November, 21, 2003, from http://www.prov.vic.gov.au/vers/published/final.htm
Webb, C. (1998). Preservation of electronic information: what we should be thinking about now. Retrieved October 31, 2003, from http://www.nla.gov.au/nla/staffpaper/webb2.html
Wiggins, R. (2001). Digital Preservation: Paradox & Promise. Library Journal, 26(7). P.12-15. Retrieved October 25, 2003, from http://libraryjournal.reviewsnews.com/index.asp?layout=article&articleid=CA106209&publication=libraryjournal 
Woodyard, D. (2000). Digital Preservation: the Australian Experience. Retrieved December 8, 2003, from http://www.nla.gov.au/nla/staffpaper/dw001004.html
加拿大國家檔案館提供電子檔案保存網頁,(http://www.archives.ca/13/130103_e.html)
美國國家檔案暨文件署提供ERA相關文件網頁,(http://www.archives.gov/electronic_records_archives/about_era/documentation/)
美國國會圖書館數位保存計畫網站,(http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/index.php?nav=4)
英國國家檔案館[PRO]處理電子檔案的策略 (http://www.pro.gov.uk/recordsmanagement/erecords/default.htm)
英國國家檔案館[PRO]提供有關數位保存的資訊 (http://www.pro.gov.uk/about/preservation/digital/default.htm)
英國國家檔案館[PRO]簡介PRNOM網頁,(http://www.pro.gov.uk/about/preservation/digital/pronom/default.htm)
澳洲國家圖書館提供有關PONDORA計畫之相關文獻 (http://www.nla.gov.au/initiatives/digarch.html#pandora)
澳洲國家檔案館有關電子檔案網頁,(http://www.aa.gov.au/recordkeeping/er/summary.html)
澳洲維多利亞州政府[PROV]的VERS計畫網站(http://www.prov.vic.gov.au/vers/projects/projects.htm )
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1. 竇薇薇(民92)。檔案編排與描述層級介紹:以美國APPM與英國MAD為例。檔案與微縮,70,40-49。
2. 歐陽崇榮、吳宣儒(民91)。從轉置策略看電子檔案之保存。檔案季刊,1(4),34-42。
3. 歐陽崇榮(民91)。數位資訊保存之探討。檔案季刊,1(2),36-47。
4. 黃文珍(民91)。資訊生命週期與電子檔案法規。書苑,54,67-73。
5. 陳淑美(民91)。新加坡政府e化及國家檔案數位化發展概況。檔案季刊,1(4),108-113。
6. 陳昭珍(民91)。國家檔案數位典藏面臨的挑戰與發展方向。檔案季刊,1(1),61-68。
7. 陳昭珍(民90)。電子資源的永久保存。佛教圖書館館訊,25,36-44。
8. 陳忠誠(民92)。檔案的社會功能(上)。檔案與微縮,70,1-13。
9. 陳志誠、詹培萱(民91)。檔案自動化芻議。檔案與微縮,66,27-36。
10. 張玉華(民92)。從檔案整理原則談國家檔案之分類。檔案季刊,2(1),44-56。
11. 張文熙(民92)。英國檔案資訊化之我見。檔案季刊,2(2),115-123。
12. 邱菊梅(民92)。國家檔案資訊系統之規畫與展望。檔案季刊,2(2),99-114。
13. 宋兆霖(民92b)。檔案定義與檔案之本質屬性(下)。書目季刊,36(4),1-20。
14. 宋兆霖(民92a)。檔案定義與檔案之本質屬性(上)。書目季刊,36(3),1-20。
15. 王揮雄(民92)。機關電子檔案管理發展方向。檔案季刊,2(2),75-88。