跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.169.3) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/12/05 20:27
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:林琇玲
研究生(外文):Shiuling-Ling Lin
論文名稱:CCSBT管理程序決策原則對台灣南方黑鮪漁業經營之影響評估
論文名稱(外文):The Economic Impact of Decision Rules of CCSBT Management Procedure on the Operation of Southern Bluefin Tuna Fishery in Taiwan
指導教授:孫金華孫金華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Hwa Sun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:應用經濟研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:106
中文關鍵詞:管理程序運作模式決策原則資源回復的管理目標
外文關鍵詞:Management ProcedureOperating ModelDecision RuleTuning Level
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:430
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:50
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT) 為制訂一套明確且透明之全球總可捕獲量(TAC)訂定機制,自2000年5月召開管理策略工作小組以來,即積極發展管理程序(MP),並預訂於2004年第十一屆年會完成並確定MP。台灣已於2002年8月30日正式加入成為CCSBT延伸委員會和延伸科學委員會之會員,而CCSBT所發展之管理程序,將影響未來全球南方黑鮪(SBT)總可捕獲量之訂定,並進而影響台灣未來之漁獲配額。
本文分析日本自台灣進口南方黑鮪之價格波動,並問卷調查台灣南方黑鮪漁船之全年作業成本,以估算台灣參與捕撈南方黑鮪漁船之全年作業成本暨在每年6-10月漁季期間之成本。此外,並針對CCSBT於2004年4月「第三屆管理程序工作小組」會議所選出FXR_01、HK5_01、D&M_03及TAI_03等四套決策原則,探討在不同資源回復的管理目標下,對於未來TAC變化之模擬結果,以分析評估各決策原則對台灣南方黑鮪漁業之影響。
本研究發現台灣2002年南方黑鮪漁獲量雖只佔印度洋總漁獲量之1.07%,惟就SBT季節性專業船而言,平均每船南方黑鮪漁獲收益約可支應其全年平均作業成本之12.5%,倘就6-10月台灣南方黑鮪漁季期間而言,約可支應36.88%之作業成本。另,2003年台灣南方黑鮪作業船數約佔印度洋總作業船數之33.7%,是故南方黑鮪作業漁場具有紓解印度洋區其他作業漁場壓力之作用,因此,維持台灣現有南方黑鮪漁獲配額對印度洋作業漁船之整體營運相當重要。
按CCSBT在第三屆管理程序工作小組會議所採基本參考案例之模擬結果,倘將資源回復的管理目標訂為2022年產卵母族群的資源量為2002年之1.1倍水準,則業者在未來9年將面臨TAC必須大幅減少31.59% 至 49.70%之衝擊,惟倘將資源回復的管理目標訂為0.9,則TAC在未來9年之調降幅度將可減少至11.47%以內,且資源量亦可於2032年達到2002年之1.1倍水準,由此顯示,倘MP將導致短期TAC大幅調降,並讓業者預期在20年後TAC將大幅增加,則未來又將產生過度投資之問題,並不合理;為顧及產業之穩定經營,對於四套決策原則之選擇,建議採短期TAC波動幅度較小之D&M_03和TAI_03。
For the purpose of establishing a transparent mechanism for deciding the global Total Allowable Catch (TAC) of Southern Bluefin Tuna (SBT), the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT) has constructively developed the Management Procedure (MP) to manage the global TAC since 2000 started in the Management Strategy Workshop in May, 2000. According to the timetable, MP will be finalized and decided at the Extended Commission of the eleventh annual meeting of CCSBT in October, 2004. Since Taiwan has become a member of the Extended Commission and the Extended Scientific Committee of CCSBT since 2002, the implementation of MP will impact on Taiwan’s quota directly.
This study analyzes the SBT import market in Japan to show the fluctuation of imported price from Taiwan and conducts a survey to estimate the operation cost of SBT fishing fleets in Taiwan annually and during the SBT fishing season from June to October. Based on the official report of the Third Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop (MPWS3) of CCSBT, which was held in April, 2004, four candidate decision rules, FXR_01, HK5_01, D&M_03 and TAI_03, was selected. This study tries to evaluate their performances through the TAC projection on various stock-rebuilding tuning levels and to analyze their impact on the operation of SBT fishery in Taiwan.
This study shows that, in 2002, although the SBT harvest accounts for only 1.07% of the total harvest of Taiwanese tuna longliners in Indian Ocean, the average revenue of SBT harvest for seasonal target SBT fleet can cover about 12.5% of their annual operating cost and about 36.88% of their operating cost during the fishing season started from June to October. Since the number of fishing vessels caught SBT accounts for 33.7% of the total number of fishing vessels in Indian Ocean of Taiwan in 2003, it is worth to know that the availability of SBT quota would promise the Taiwanese fishing fleets enough incentive to fish for SBT during June to October. In order to mitigate the fishing pressure of other fishing ground in Indian Ocean, it is important to maintain the current quota of SBT for Taiwan.
According to the results on the performance of the reference case proposed by CCSBT during MPWS3, if the rebuilding tuning level for the SBT stock will be achieved in 2022 is set as 1.1 times of the SBT stock in 2002, the industries will face a dramatic decrease of TAC for 31.59% to 49.70% in the following 9 years. If the tuning level target is set for 0.9 times of the stock in 2022, the industries will face a minor decrease of TAC for 11.47% in the following 9 years and the stock in 2032 would eventually be rebuild to 1.1 of the stock in 2002. It shows that it is unreasonable that if the MP would lead to a dramatic TAC reduction in the short run and to make the industry expect a dramatic TAC increase 20 years later, then the industry would over-invest again in the future. Taking into account of economic stability of the industry, a suggestion was proposed regarding how to choose the best decision rules from the four candidate decision rules. Both decision rules, D&M_03 and TAI_03, are therefore recommended to choose to show the ability to reduce the TAC fluctuation in the short run.
目 錄
頁次
謝詞 ……………………………………………..…..…………………i
論文提要…………………………………………..…..…………………ii
目錄 ……………………………………………..…..…………………vi
表次 ……………………………………………………………...…. ...viii
圖次 ………………………………………………..…..…. ……..…....x
本文使用英文略語表………………………………..…..…. ……..…....xii
第壹章 緒論………………………………………………..….………..1
第一節 研究背景與動機………………………..…….…….……...1
第二節 研究目的………………………………..…….….….……..3
第三節 研究範圍………………………………..…….….………...4
第四節 研究方法與步驟……………………….….….….………...4
第五節 資料來源……………………………….. .…….……..…... 5
第六節 論文架構與研究流程…………………..….…….. . .… .…6
第貳章 南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)與全球南方黑鮪漁業概況. . …8
第一節 CCSBT之組織架搆與功能 . . …………….…. .….…… 8
第二節 全球南方黑鮪漁業概況 ...….……….……………...…..14
第參章 CCSBT管理程序之架構內容及文獻回顧 ………………… 28
第一節 CCSBT發展管理程序之過程及相關文獻………………28
第二節 CCSBT管理程序之架構及目的....….….... ..…....……… 33
第三節 CCSBT管理程序之決策原則……………….….…………44
第肆章 台灣南方黑鮪漁業經營之成本收益分析.………………….. .51
第一節 台灣歷年南方黑鮪出口產值及市場價格分析.….…….. . .51
第二節 台灣南方黑鮪漁業作業概況及成本結構問卷調查結果. ..61
第伍章 CCSBT管理程序決策原則模擬結果比較暨其對台灣南方黑鮪漁業經營之影響評估………………….…….….……... .. . . .. .69
第一節 CCSBT管理程序決策原則模擬結果之分析.…. …. . . . .. 69
第二節 CCSBT管理程序決策原則之模擬結果對台灣南方黑鮪漁業經營之影響評估………………….…….….……... .. . . . 86
第陸章 結論與建議…………………………………...….……….... . .96
第一節 結論.…. …….. . …………………………...….………..... . 96
第二節 建議.…. …….. . …………………………...….………..... . 97
參考文獻………………………………………………………………...100
附錄一 南方黑鮪漁業經營成本問卷調查表………………………...103
附錄二 CCSBT管理程序第一階段之模擬運作模式….………….... 106
一、中文部份:
中央銀行統計資料,重要金融指標,
http://www.cbc.gov.tw/economic/statistics/key/total_02.asp。
中華民國對外漁業合作發展協會,2003,中華民國八十九年度台灣地區遠洋鮪延繩調漁獲統計年報,行政院農業委員會漁業署。
林琇玲、張水鍇,2000,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)「資源評估工作小組」與「管理策略工作小組」會議報告,行政院農業委員會漁業署,1-19頁。
郭慶老、汪淑慧,2003,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)舉行之「第二屆管理程序工作小組會議」及「印尼漁獲監控會議」,行政院農業委員會漁業署,2-7頁。
郭慶老、林琇玲,2004,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)第三屆管理程序工作小組會議暨延伸委員會特別會議報告,行政院農業委員會漁業署,1-29頁。
黃鴻燕、黃友義、林琇玲、張水鍇,2001,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)第七屆年會會議報告,行政院農業委員會漁業署,1-12頁。
黃鴻燕、黃友義,林琇玲,2003,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)第十屆年會暨第二屆延伸委員會會議報告,行政院農業委員會漁業署,1-25頁。
張水鍇,2000,南方黑鮪價格高昂又爭議頻傳的珍貴資源,行政院農業委員會漁業署,中華民國對外漁業合作發展協會,21-36頁。
張水鍇,2002,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)第一屆管理程序工作會議暨CPUE工作會議出國報告,行政院農業委員會漁業署,1-13頁。
蔡日耀、林琇玲,2000,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)第六屆年會會議報告,行政院農業委員會漁業署,1-11頁。
蔡日耀、黃友義、張水鍇,2001,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)第八屆年會會議報告,行政院農業委員會漁業署,1-16頁。
蔡日耀、黃鴻燕、張水鍇,林琇玲,2003,參加南方黑鮪保育委員會(CCSBT)第九屆年會暨第一屆延伸委員會會議報告,行政院農業委員會漁業署,第1-26頁。
二、英文部份:
Basson, M., T. Polacheck, and D. Kolody, 2004, Discussion of Scientific Issues Related to Metarules and the Implication of a Management Procedure for Southern Bluefin Tuna, the Third Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Busan, Republic of Korea, 19-24 April 2004, CCSBT-MP/0404/05, pp. 1-8.
Butterworth, Doug S, and Mitsuyo Mori, 2004, Application of Variants of a Fox-Model Based MP to the “Christchurch” SBT Trials, the Third Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Busan, Republic of Korea, 19-24 April 2004, CCSBT-MP/0404/06, pp. 4-7.
CCSBT, 1994, Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna.
, 2000, Report of the Sixth Annual Meeting (Second Part), Canberra, Australia 21-23 March, 2000, pp. 2-4.
, 2000, Report of the Management Strategy Workshop, Tokyo, Japan 29-31 May, 2000, pp. 3-10.
, 2001, Basic Document, pp. 71-81.
, 2001, Report of the Second Stock Assessment Group Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, 19-28 August, 2001, pp. 24-25.
, 2001 Report of the Sixth Meeting of the Scientific Committee, Tokyo, Japan, 28 - 31 August, 2001, pp. 16-18.
, 2001, Report of the Senenth Annual Meeting of the Commission, Sydney, Australia 18-21 April, 2001, pp. 3-4.
, 2001, Report of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Commission, Miyako, Japan 15-18 October, 2001, pp. 2-10.
, 2002, Report of the First Meeting of Management Procedure Workshop, Tokyo, Japan, 3-4 & 6-8 March, 2002, pp. 1-18.
, 2002, Report of the Third Stock Assessment Group Meeting, Canberra, Australia, 3-7 September, 2002, pp. 4-12.
, 2002, Report of the Seventh Meeting of the Scientific Committee, Canberra, Australia, 9-11 September, 2002, p. 5.
, 2002, Report of the Extended Commission of the Ninth Annual Meetings of the Commission, Canberra, Australia, 15 – 18 October, 2002, p. 9.
, 2003, Report of the Second Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Queenstown, New Zealand, 7-9, March, 2003, pp. 1-11.
, 2003, Report of Indonesian Catch Monitoring Review Workshop, Queenstown, New Zealand, 10-11, March, 2003, pp. 1-6.
, 2003, Report of the Fourth Meeting of the Stock Assessment Group, Christchurch, New Zealand, 25-29 August, 2003, pp.3-17.
, 2003, Report of the Extended Scientific Committee for the Eighth Meeting of the Scientific Committee, Christchurch, New Zealand, 1-4 September, 2003, pp. 13-14.
, 2003, Report of the Extended Commission of the Tenth Annual Meetings of the Commission, Christchurch, New Zealand, 7-10 October 2003, pp. 6-11.
, 2004, Report of the Third Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Busan, Republic of Korea, 19-24 April 2004, pp.1-46.
, 2004, Report of the Special Meeting of the Extended Commission, Busan, Republic of Korea, 19-24 April 2004, pp. 1-5.
Eveson, Paige, and Daniel Ricard, An Overiew of Potential Graphics for Evaluating the Performance of Candidate Management Procedures for Southern Bluefin Tuna, the Second Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Queenstown, New Zealand, 7-9, March, 2003, CCSBT-MP/0304/05, p. 1.
Fishery Status Reports, 2000-2001, Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry-Australia, pp. 153-164.
Hiramatsu, K., H. Kurota, H. Shono, and N. Takahashi, 2004, Behaviors of CPUE-based management procedures examined through the CCSBT final trial specifications, the Third Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Busan, Republic of Korea, 19-24 April 2004, CCSBT-MP/0404/08, pp. 23-26.
Polacheck, Tom, Paige Eveson, Jason Hartog, Marinelle Basson, and Dale Kolody, 2004, Comparison of the Performance of Tuned Candidate Management Procedures for Southern Bluefin Tuna Based on the Final Trial Specifications and Testing Procedures, the Third Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Busan, Republic of Korea, 19-24 April 2004, CCSBT-MP/0404/04, p. 5.
Sun, Chin-Hwa, 2004, The Selection of Possible Decision Rules in Management Procefures for Southern Bluefin Tuna, the Third Meeting of the Management Procedure Workshop, Busan, Republic of Korea, 19-24 April 2004, CCSBT-MP/0404/07, pp. 1-17.
三、日文部份:
日本通產省貿易局,1993-2003,日本貿易月表。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top