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研究生:朱政哲
研究生(外文):Cheng-Che Chu
論文名稱:探求碳球
論文名稱(外文):Exploration of Carbon Nanocapsules
指導教授:陸天堯陸天堯引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tien-Yau Luh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:化學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:奈米碳球化學修飾穿透式電子顯微鏡原子力顯微鏡疊氮
外文關鍵詞:AFMTEMCarbon nanocapsule:aziridine:azidechemica
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Carbon nanocapsules (CNCs) were synthesized with pulse plasma arc discharge method by Dr. Hwang’s group in ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute). High quality CNCs were insoluble in any solvent. For further studying and application, it is crucial to make it soluble.
We successfully functionalized CNCs with azidobenzene which enabled aziridine-modified CNCs adducts to be soluble in common solvents like dichloromethane, chloroform, ether and hexane. CNCs adducts was immobilized on quartz platelet or silicon wafer through spin coating then underwent pyrolysis at temperature of 700 ℃. Carbon nanoballs formed on the surface and were detected by AFM and TEM.
Transformation from graphene layered structure into amorphous framework under nitrogen atmosphere at ambient pressure was observed. Increased content of carbon with sp3 hybridization was confirmed with a greatly enhanced peak at D-band in Raman spectroscopy. Aziridine bond cleavage induced by pyrolysis yielded a radical (or dipolar) intermediate which triggered a chain reaction to afford morphological change. The procedure developed provides a simple route covert sp2 graphene into sp3 amorphous carbon in mild conditions.
Acknowledgement ii
Abstract iii
Chinese Abstract iv
Contents v
List of Figures vi
Abbreviations viii
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
Chapter 2. Results and Discussion 18
2.1. Properties of Pristine CNCs 18
2.2. Chemical Reactions of CNCs 27
2.3. Conclusion 42
Chapter 3.Experimental Section 43
3.1 Instrumentation and General
Information 43
3.2 Experimental Section 47
Chapter 4. References and Notes 55
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