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研究生:邱宗怡
研究生(外文):Tsung-Yi Chiu
論文名稱:伴侶行為肯定對心理安適的影響:個人與關係層次自我確定性的中介歷程
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Partner Behavioral Affirmation on Psychological Well-being:The Mediation Process of Personal and Relational Self Certainty
指導教授:林以正林以正引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:個體我確定性伴侶行為肯定心理安適感關係我確定性
外文關鍵詞:partner behavioral affirmationrelational self-certaintypsychological well-beingindividual self-certainty
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Drigotas等人(1999)及Drigotas(2002)研究發現,「伴侶的行為肯定」對於個人的心理安適與關係適應品質具有穩定的影響力,但這些研究卻並未能釐清「伴侶行為肯定」提升心理適應歷程中,個體自我如何隨之改變的內在歷程。特別是目前國內大學生幾乎均同時面臨自我探索╱認同與親密關係經營兩項同時發生而又交互影響的發展任務,使得這項議題更為凸顯與重要。因此本研究將親密伴侶的影響放在青少年後期的發展脈絡上重新思考,探討親密伴侶對於個人認同發展所可能產生的影響。而以「個體我確定性」與「關係我確定性」分別代表「個體我認同」以及自愛情互動經驗中發展出來的「關係我認同」,檢驗這些具有重要適應意義的自我改變,在「伴侶行為肯定」提升心理適應歷程中所扮演的角色與機制。本研究以108名具有固定約會對象的大學生及研究生為樣本,以團體施測方式收集資料,再以相關及迴歸分析驗證本研究相關假設。結果顯示:(一)伴侶行為肯定對於心理安適感確實具有顯著的預測效果。(二)個人層次與關係層次自我確定性對於心理安適感具有顯著預測效果。(三)對於某些心理安適指標而言,個體我確定性與伴侶行為肯定之間為交互影響的作用路徑。(四)伴侶行為肯定會透過關係我確定性的中介效果來影響心理安適感。本研究最後討論此結果在青少年後期自我認同與親密關係發展上的意涵,以及未來可行的研究方向。
Drigotas (1999, 2002) demonstrated the effect of behavioral affirmation of close partner on couple/personal well-being, but failed to discover the changing process of self. To re-examine the self-identity process in close relationships, the current study first distinguished two levels of self-identity. That is, the individual level and the relational level of self-certainty. I then tested the relationship among partner behavioral affirmation, self-certainty, and psychological well-being. Two hypotheses were proposed. First, partner behavioral affirmation did not have a direct effect on one’s well-being. Instead, its effect was mediated by self-certainty. Secondly, I also hypothesized that two levels of self-certainty played different roles. The self-certainty at the individual level recursively interacted with partner behavioral affirmation, in other words. Whereas, the self-certainty at the relational level mediated the association between partner behavioral affirmation and psychological well-being.
The results supported our hypotheses. First, there were significant correlations between partner behavioral affirmation and psychological well-being. Second, there were significant correlations between partner behavioral affirmation and individual/relationship self-certainty. Finally, the mediation analyses showed that individual self-certainty and partner behavioral affirmation concurrently had effects on some psychological well-being indices. On the other hand, relational self-certainty mediated the association between partner behavioral affirmation and psychological well-being. Accordingly, we suggested the differentiation between individual level and relational level of self-certainties is the key to study the self-identity processes in close relationships.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 自我在親密關係中的改變歷程 3
第二節 親密伴侶的影響 6
第三節 自我確定性 13
第四節 研究目的與假設 27
第二章 研究方法 30
第一節 研究樣本 30
第二節 研究工具 31
第三節 施測程序 37
第四節 分析方法 38
第三章 研究結果 41
第一節 各量表描述性統計及量表間相關 41
第二節 伴侶行為肯定與個人安適與關係適應相關分析 42
第三節 個人層次自我確定性伴侶行為肯定交互作用效果分析 43
第四節 關係層次自我確定性中介效果分析 48
第四章 討論 54
第一節 結果討論 54
第二節 研究限制 64
第三節 研究貢獻與未來方向 65
參考文獻 68
附錄 研究問卷 76
中文部分

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李怡真(2002)。「愛情關係中的情緒表達衝突」(未發表之碩士論文)。台北:國立台灣大學心理研究所。

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