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研究生:楊健威
研究生(外文):Chien-Wei Yang
論文名稱:《參孫力士》與《復樂園》中的希望與絕望
論文名稱(外文):Hope and Despair in Milton''s Samson Agonistes and Paradise Regained
指導教授:魏思博
指導教授(外文):Vivienne Westbrook
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:外國語文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:151
中文關鍵詞:希望絕望信念誘惑救贖
外文關鍵詞:HopeDespairFaithTemptationSalvation
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Hope and Despair in Milton’s Samson
Agonistes and Paradise Regained


Abstract

This thesis aims to explore the notions of hope and despair in Milton’s companion poems, Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes. In the first chapter, I will define and establish the notions of hope and despair in the Christian context by examining the configurations of these two ideas in the Bible, fathers of the church, and representative reformation theologians. A broader contextual study will include renaissance poets and prose writers and one emblem author. The second chapter presents an outline and discussion of the critical history of these two poems, and I will focus upon critics’ reading of hope and despair in these two poems. The third and fourth chapters are devoted to Samson Agonistes and Paradise Regained respectively. Samson and Christ exemplify true hope. A false hope is then embraced by Samson’s visitors, the Chorus, Manoa, Dalila, and Harapha, and the Philistines, and Jesus’ tempter, Satan. In these two chapters, a revelation of the causal relationship between other virtues, faith, patience, and confidence, and hope will enhance our understanding of Christian hope. Milton’s treatments of hope as an act and a tangible being can be evidenced in the protagonists of his two major poems. Samson conquers his near-despair, withstands temptations of false hope and despair, and eventually regains hope as God’s chosen. Jesus passes the trials of faith and patience, maturing in self-knowledge, defeating the despairing Devil, and proving himself as Hope of mankind. The epilogue of the thesis is intended to compare Milton’s representations of hope in Samson and Christ.
Table of Contents

Page

Acknowledgement iii
Abstract iv

Chapter 1
Introduction: Hope and Despair in the Renaissance and Reformation: a Context...................................1
I. Definitions and Biblical Tradition
II. The Patristic Tradition: St. Augustine and St. Thomas
III. The Renaissance and the Reformation Tradition

Chapter 2
The Critical History of Samson Agonistes and Paradise Regained ............................................... 43

Chapter 3
Reading Samson Agonistes............................ 65
I. Linguistic Distinction: Hope as a Verb
II. Samson Agonistes and the Book of Judges
III. Hope and Faith
IV. Manoa’s False Hope
V. Regaining Hope: Samson Conquering Despair

Chapter 4
Reading Paradise Regained ..........................104
I. Linguistic Definition: Hope as a Noun
II. Mary and the Apostles’ Concepts of Christian Hope
III. Satan’s False Hope and Despair
IV. Hope Confirmed: Christ’s Growth

Epilogue ...............................................140
Works Cited ............................................144

Appendix
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