(3.80.6.131) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/17 02:08
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:高宜孝
研究生(外文):I-Hsiao Kao
論文名稱:有機無機混成光敏感性光學材料
論文名稱(外文):Photosensitive organic-inorganic hybrid for optical materials
指導教授:林唯芳林唯芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei-Fang Su
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:材料科學與工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:光敏性光學材料紫外光照射壓克力有機無機混成
外文關鍵詞:acrylateOrganic-inorganic hybridUV-Curingoptical materialsphotosensitive
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:234
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本實驗室已成它X成二氧化矽主鏈壓克力混成材料,首先將粒徑介於20至25nm的SiO2顆粒表面改質成壓克力基,利用MPS(3-Methacryloxypropyl Trimethoxy Silane)經水解與縮合,即接在SiO2顆粒表面,再加入壓克力單體TEGDA(Tetraethylene glycol diacrylate),藉以調控有機無機的比例。合成樣品之氧化物含量介於10至60wt%之間,其折射率介於1.4至1.6之間,可藉調控SiO2含量改變折射率,當SiO2含量增加時,折射率會降低。此系統中之光穿透率在1310與1550nm皆大於95%,耐熱性隨著SiO2奈米粒子加入量越多,而明顯提升,當加入60wt% SiO2奈米粒子後,熱裂解溫度比純壓克力增加了近50℃,而加入SiO2顆粒量超過40wt%後,即無明顯玻璃轉化溫度(Tg),推測其Tg>200℃。而最佳化之樣品為MPS/SiO2=0.25(莫爾比)且無機氧化物SiO2含量為40wt%,其透光率在50μm的厚度下,可高達97%以上,折射率為1.50左右。

We have synthesized SiO2-main chain acrylate material successfully. First, the surface of SiO2 nanoparticle was modified with MPS (3-Methacryloxypropyl Trimethoxy Silane). Then TEGDA (Tetraethylene glycol diacrylate) was added to control the amount of organic-inorganic ratio(10-60wt%). The refractive index is between 1.4 and 1.6 and would be decreased with the increase of SiO2 amount. The optical transparency at 1310nm and 1550nm is above 95%. With 60wt% SiO2 amount, the thermal decomposition temperature will increase about 50℃. More than 40wt%, there is no obvious Tg below 200℃. The optimized sample is MPS/SiO2=0.25(wt ratio) and 40wt% SiO2.

摘要
Abstract
第一章 前言………………………………………………..1
第二章 基礎理論與文獻回顧…………………………..…3
2.1 有機無機混成材料………………………………….…3
2.1.1 無機顆粒與團聚物摻入………………….……3
2.1.2 互穿網絡………………………………………13
2.2 積體光學…………………………………………....16
2.2.1 積體光學的發展史………….…………………...16
2.2.2 光波導簡介…….……………………….………..17
2.2.3 光波導材料選用……………………………………18
2.2.4 光波導光傳損失之因素………………………....21
2.3 有機/無機混成奈米材料於光學材料之應用……….24
2.4 矽氧烷偶合劑………………………………………..31
2.4.1 矽氧烷之水解與縮合…………………………31
2.4.2 矽氧烷偶合劑作用機構………………………32
2.2.3 矽氧烷偶合劑與二氧化矽含量之關係………35
第三章 實驗部分………………………………………….40
3.1 實驗藥品………………………………………………40
3.2 實驗儀器………………………………………………42
3.3 實驗步驟………………………………………………44
3.3.1 實驗流程………………………………………44
3.3.2 MPS包覆SiO2奈米顆粒之製備…….…………44
3.3.3 有機無機混成材料製備………………………45
3.4 實驗測試項目與樣品製備……………………………46
第四章 結果討論………………………………………….49
4.1 有機無機混成光學材料配方探討……………………49
4.2 光波導混成材料光學性質量測………………………52
4.2.1 光穿透度………………………………………52
4.2.2 折射率…………………………………………54
4.3 有機無機混成材料熱性質分析………………………56
4.3.1 熱裂解溫度……………………………………56
4.3.2 玻璃轉移溫度與熱膨脹係數……………………59
4.4 機械性質分析…………………………………………62
4.4.1 硬度………………………………………………62
4.4.2 楊氏係數………………………………………67
4.4.3 抗刮性…………………………………………70
4.5 吸濕性…………………………………………………72
4.6 表面型態………………………………………………75
4.7 二氧化矽於壓克力基材分散情形……………………79
第五章 結論……………………………………………….80
第六章 研究建議………………………………………….82
附錄一 Nanoindentor 作用基本原理……………………83
References…………………………………………………86


張光偉,蘇忠傑,”平面光波導材料與製程”, 化工資訊, 2000, 11, p27-35。
袁孝寬,”高折射率有機/無機餐合材料”,台大材料所1997碩士論文。
孫士博,”牙科填補有機無機環氧樹脂”, 台大材料所2002碩士論文。
韋明新,”壓克力/無機氧化物之製備技術及及其光學膜應用”, 經濟部工業局九十一年度訓練課程(光電特化品人才培訓班),2002/10/22講義。
Abboud M., Turner M., Duguet E. and Fontanille M., ”PMMA-based composite materials with reactive ceramic fillers” J. Mater. Chem. 1997, 7(8), 1527-1532.
Ayras P., Rantala J. T., Honkanen S., Mendes S. B., Peyghambarian N., “Diffracion gratings in sol-gel films by direct contact printing using a UV-mercury lamp”, Optics Communications, 1999, 162, 215-218.
Bourgeat L. E., Espiard P., Guyot A. “Poly(ethyl acrylate) latexes encapsulating nanoparticles of silica. 1. Functionalization and dispersion of silica”, Polymer, 1995, 36, 4385–9.
Bourgeat L. E., Espiard P., Guyot A., Gauthier C., David L., Vigier G. “Emulsion polymerization in the presence of colloidal silica particles. Application to the reinforcement of poly(ethyl acrylate) films”, Angew. Makromol. Chem., 1996, 242, 105–22.
Bourgeat L. E., Jacques L., ”Encapsulation of Inorganic Particles by Dispersion Polymerization in Polar Media 1.Silica Nanoparticles Encapsulated by Polystyrene”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 1998, 197, 293-308.
Chen W. C., Lee L. H., Chen B. F. and Yen C. T., “Synthesis and characterization of poly(methyl silsesquioxane)-titania optical thin films.” J. Mater. Chem., 2002, 12, 3644-3648.
Coudray P., Chisham J., Malik T. A., Li C. Y., Andrews M. P. et al., “ Ultraviolet light imprinted sol-gel silica glass waveguide devices on silicon”, Optics Communications, 1996, 128, 19-22.
Eduardo J. N., Rogeria R. G., Maurizio F., Younes M. et al., “Titania-based organic-inorganic hybrid planar waveguides”, Journal of Alloys and Compouds, 2002, 344, 221~225.
Etienne P., Coudray P. , Porque J., Moreau Y., “Active erbium-doped organic-inorganic waveguide”, Optics Communications, 2000, 174, 413-418.
Hass K. H., Wolter H., “Synthesis, properties and applications of inorganic-organic copolymers(ORMOCERs)”, Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, 1999, 4, 571-580.
Hiyoro S., Shinichi A., Yasuhiko A., and Kazuaki Y., ”Fine Patterning of Hybrid Titania Films by Ultraviolet Irradiation”, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 2003, 86(5), 761-64.
Hong J. W., Kim Y. B., Park C. H., Korean Patent, Application No: 200140911.
Houbertz R., Domann G., Cronauer C., Schmitt A., Martin H., Park J. U. , Frohlich L., et al. ”Inorganic-organic hybrid materials for application in optical devices”, Thin Solid Films, 2003, 442, 194-200.
Hungsperger R. G., “Integrated Optics- Theory and Technology 5th edition”, 2002.
Innocenzi P., Martucci A., Guglielmi M., Armelao L., et al., “Optical and surface properties of inorganic and hybrid organic-inorganic silica-titania sol-gel planar waveguides.”, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 1999, 259, 182-190.
Ivan S., Theodore H. R., Roger S. and Egon M., ”Encapsulation of nanoxized silica by in situ polymerization of tert-butyl acrylate monomer”, Langmuir, 2000, 16, 9031-9034.
Jitianu A., Gartner M., Zaharescu M., Cristea D., Manea E., “Experiments for inorganic-organic hybrid sol-gel films for micro- and nano-photonics”, Materials Science and Engineerings C, 2003, 23, 301-306.
Judeinstein P., “Polyoxometallates based macromolecules.” J. Sol-Gel Sci Technol, 1994, 2, 147-51.
Kim H. K., Kim J. G., Cho J. D., Hogn J. W. ,” Optimization and characterization of UV-curable adhesives for optical communications by response surface methodology.”, Polymer Testing, 2003, 22, 899-906.
Kickelbick G., “Concepts for the incorporation of inorganic building blocks into organic polymers on a nanoscale.”, Prog. Polm. Sci., 2003, 28, 83-114
Lee H. H., “Azeotropic Data-Third Edition”, 1973, p.21.
Lichtenhan J. D., Otonari Y. A., Carr M. J., “ Linear hybrid polymer buikding blocks: methacrylate-functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane monomers and polymers.”, Macromolecules, 1995, 28, 8435-8437.
Mayer C. R., Thervenot R., Lalot T., “New hybrid covalent networks based on polyoxometalates. Part 1. Hybrid networks based on poly(ethyl methacrylate) chains covlently cross-linked by geteropolyanions: synthesis and swelling properties.” Chem. Mater., 2000, 12, 257-60.
Mongovery D. C., “Design and Analysis of Experiments,3rd edition”, Wiley, New York, 1991.
Nariroj S. et al., “Structure and adsorption characteristics of silane coupling agents on silica and E-glass fiber; dependence on pH” Journal of colloid and interface science, 1984, 97, 2, February.
Oliver W.C., Pharr G.M., “Measurementof hardness and elastic modulus by instrumented indentation: Advances in understanding and refinements to methodology.” J. Mater. Res., 2004, Vol.19, No.1, p.3-20, January.
Oubaha M., Smaihi M., Etienne P., Coudray P. and Moreau P., “Spectroscopic characterization of intrinsic losses in an organic-inorganic hybrid waveguide synthesized by the sol-gel process.” J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 2003, 318, 305-313.
Philipse A. P., Vrij A., “Preparation and properties of nonaqueous model dispersions of chemically modified, charged silica spheres.” J Colloid Interf. Sci., 1989, 128, 121–36.
Pomagailo A. C., “Polymer-immobilised nanoscale and cluster metal particles.” Russ. Chem. Rev., 1997, 114, 35-50.
Raz G. et al., APPLIED ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY, 1997, VOL. 11, 107–127.
Smith T. W., Wychick D., “Colloidal iron dispersions prepared via the polymer-catalyzed decomposition of iron pentacarbonyl.” J. Phys. Chem., 1980, 84, 1621-9.
Sto¨ber W., Fink A., Bohn E., “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range.” J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 1968, 26, 62–9.
Streppel U., Dannberg P., Waechter C., Braeuer A., Nicole P., Froehlich L., et al., “Development of a New Fabrication Method for Stacked Optical Waveguides Using Inorganic-Organic Copolymers”, IEEE Session 13: Photonic Polymers II, 329-335.
Suter U. W. et al., J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 8992-8997.
Wan M., Fan J., ‘Synthesis and electrical-magnetic properties of polyaniline composites.” J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 1998, 36, 2749-55.
Que W., Hu X., Zhang Q. Y., “Preparation and optical properties of patternable TiO2/ormosils hybrid films for photonics applications”, Chemical Physics Letters, 2003, 369, 354-360.
Que W., Hu X., “Influence of titanium content and temperature on optical and mechanical properties of sol-gel derived TiO2/γ-glycidoxy propyltrimethoxysilane and methyltrimethoxysilane hybrid organic-inorganic films”, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 2003, 36, 908-914.
Xu C., Eldada L., Wu C., Robert A. et al., “Photoimageable, Low Shrinkage Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Materials for Practical Multimode Channel Waveguides.” Chem. Mater., 1996, 8, 2701-2703.
Xu J., Aubonnet S., Barry H. F. and MacCraith B. D., “Preparation and characterization of erbium-doped ormosil planar waveguides.” Materials Letters, 2003, 57, 4276-4281.
Yu Y. Y., Chen W. C., “Transparent organic-inorganic hybrid thin films prepared from acrylic polymer and aqueous monodispersed colloidal silica”, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2003, 82, 388-395.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊