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研究生(外文):Fu-Chia Lin
論文名稱(外文):Age and growth of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, in waters off eastern Taiwan and the western and central Pacific Ocean
外文關鍵詞:waters off eastern Taiwanskipjackwestern and central Pacific Oceanspineage and growth
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兩海域體重體長關係式經檢定有顯著差異,台灣東部海域正鰹體重體長關係式為W=8*10^(-6)FL^(3.2262),中西太平洋海域正鰹體重體長關係式為W=5*10^(-6)FL^(3.3793)。利用Fraser’s-Lee法及Monastyrsky法所估算正鰹各年齡平均逆算體長分別套入von Bertalanffy growth function,以非線性迴歸法及Ford-Walford定差圖法推估成長參數,另利用殘差平方和分析檢定雌雄間與海域間成長參數之差異,結果並無顯著差異,合併兩海域資料得到正鰹成長曲線為Lt=125.9*(1-exp(-0.182*(t+0.598))),推得1歲魚體長為32公分,2歲魚體長為47公分。
摘要 i
第一章 前言 1
一、正鰹的分布及生態習性 1
二、正鰹漁業概況 2
三、前人研究概況 3
四、研究動機及目的 3
第二章 材料與方法 5
一、樣本採集 5
二、背鰭硬棘之處理 5
三、輪紋之判讀與測量 6
四、體長及體重資料之分析 7
五、輪紋驗證 8
六、成長方程式之推估 8
(一)硬棘長與尾叉長及硬棘基部骨突寬關係 8
(二)硬棘切片半徑與尾叉長之關係 9
(三)逆算體長之估計 10
(四)成長方程式參數估計 11
(五)成長參數比較 12
(六)成長方程式比較 13
第三章 結果 14
一、樣本體重體長關係 14
二、硬棘長與尾叉長及硬棘基部骨突寬關係 14
三、硬棘切片半徑與尾叉長之關係 15
四、輪紋判讀與測量 16
五、輪紋驗證 17
六、成長方程式 18
(一)逆算體長估計 18
(二)成長方程式參數估計 19
(3)成長方程式比較 23
第四章 討論 24
一、以背鰭硬棘為年齡形質的有效性探討 24
二、輪紋判定與驗證 26
三、成長方程式之探討 27
四、兩海域間的比較 28
五、與其他研究比較 30
參考文獻 32
附圖 38
附表 65
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