(3.235.191.87) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/13 05:18
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林富家
研究生(外文):Fu-Chia Lin
論文名稱:台灣東部海域與中西太平洋正鰹之年齡與成長研究
論文名稱(外文):Age and growth of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, in waters off eastern Taiwan and the western and central Pacific Ocean
指導教授:孫志陸孫志陸引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:海洋研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:台灣東部海域正鰹中西太平洋年齡與成長硬棘
外文關鍵詞:waters off eastern Taiwanskipjackwestern and central Pacific Oceanspineage and growth
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:324
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究以正鰹第一背鰭第一硬棘為年齡形質對台灣東部海域以及中西太平洋海域正鰹進行年齡查定及成長研究。自2001年7月至2004年1月分別在台東成功漁港採集702個樣本,體長範圍為30.4公分至83.4公分;中西太平洋採集627個樣本,體長範圍為30.2公分至83公分。
扣除處理過程損壞樣本,採自台灣東部海域進行判讀的690個正鰹硬棘切片中,總計667個樣本完成輪紋判讀與測量,可判讀率為96.67%,APE為8.7%;採自中西太平洋海域進行判讀的616個正鰹硬棘切片中,總計559個樣本完成輪紋判讀與測量,可判讀率為90.75%,APE為10.0%。經邊緣成長分析得知,正鰹硬棘一年形成兩輪,但第一輪形成時間約為出生後一年。
兩海域體重體長關係式經檢定有顯著差異,台灣東部海域正鰹體重體長關係式為W=8*10^(-6)FL^(3.2262),中西太平洋海域正鰹體重體長關係式為W=5*10^(-6)FL^(3.3793)。利用Fraser’s-Lee法及Monastyrsky法所估算正鰹各年齡平均逆算體長分別套入von Bertalanffy growth function,以非線性迴歸法及Ford-Walford定差圖法推估成長參數,另利用殘差平方和分析檢定雌雄間與海域間成長參數之差異,結果並無顯著差異,合併兩海域資料得到正鰹成長曲線為Lt=125.9*(1-exp(-0.182*(t+0.598))),推得1歲魚體長為32公分,2歲魚體長為47公分。
摘要 i
第一章 前言 1
一、正鰹的分布及生態習性 1
二、正鰹漁業概況 2
三、前人研究概況 3
四、研究動機及目的 3
第二章 材料與方法 5
一、樣本採集 5
二、背鰭硬棘之處理 5
三、輪紋之判讀與測量 6
四、體長及體重資料之分析 7
五、輪紋驗證 8
六、成長方程式之推估 8
(一)硬棘長與尾叉長及硬棘基部骨突寬關係 8
(二)硬棘切片半徑與尾叉長之關係 9
(三)逆算體長之估計 10
(四)成長方程式參數估計 11
(五)成長參數比較 12
(六)成長方程式比較 13
第三章 結果 14
一、樣本體重體長關係 14
二、硬棘長與尾叉長及硬棘基部骨突寬關係 14
三、硬棘切片半徑與尾叉長之關係 15
四、輪紋判讀與測量 16
五、輪紋驗證 17
六、成長方程式 18
(一)逆算體長估計 18
(二)成長方程式參數估計 19
(3)成長方程式比較 23
第四章 討論 24
一、以背鰭硬棘為年齡形質的有效性探討 24
二、輪紋判定與驗證 26
三、成長方程式之探討 27
四、兩海域間的比較 28
五、與其他研究比較 30
參考文獻 32
附圖 38
附表 65
Alves, A., P. Barros, and M. R. Pinho. 2002. Age and growth studies of bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus from Madeira using vertebrae. Fish. Res., 54 : 389-393.
Antoine, L. M., J. J. Mendoza, and P. M. Cayré. 1983. Progress of age and growth assessment of Atlantic skipjack tuna, Euthynnus pelamis, from dorsal fin spines. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 8 : 91-97.
Argue, A. W., P. Kleiber, R. E. Kearney, and J. R. Sibert. 1986. Evaluation of methods used by the South Pacific Commission for identification of skipjack population structure. In: Proceeding of the ICCAT Conference on the International Skipjack Year Program. P. E. K. Symons, P. M. Miyake, and G. T. Sakagawa (eds). ICCAT, Madrid, Spain, pp. 242-251.
Bagenal, T. B. and F. W. Tesch. 1978 Age and growth. In: Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters. T. B. Bagenal (eds). Blackwell Scientific Publs., Oxford, U. K., pp. 101-136.
Batts, B. S. 1972. Age and growth of the skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus), in North Carolina Waters. Chesapeake Sci., 13(4) : 237-244.
Beamish, R. J. and D. A. Fournier. 1981. A method for comparing the precision of a set of age determinations. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 38 : 982-983.
Boehlert, G. W. and B. C. Mundy. 1994. Vertical and onshore-offshore distributional patterns of tuna larvae in relation to physical habitat features. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 107 : 1-13.
Campana, S. E. 2001. Accuracy, precision and quality control in age determination, including a review of the use and abuse of age validation methods. J. Fish Biol., 59 : 197-242.
Casselman, J. M. 1983. Age and growth assessment of fish from their calcified structures – techniques and tools. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 8 : 1-17.
Chen, Y., D. A. Jackson, and H. H. Harvey. 1992. A comparison of von Bertalanffy and polynomial functions in modelling fish growth data. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 49 : 1128-1235.
Chi, K. S. and R. T. Yang. 1973. Age and growth of skipjack tuna in the waters around the southern part of Taiwan. Acta Oceanogr. Taiwanica, 3 : 199-221.
Chur, V. N. and V. L. Zharov. 1984. Determination of age and growth rate of the skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis (Scombridae), from the southeastern part of the Gulf of Guinea. J. Ichthyol., 23 : 53-67.
Dizon, A. E., R. W. Brill, and H. S. H. Yuen. 1978. Correlations between environment, physiology, and activity and the effects on thermoregulation in skipjack tuna. In: The physiological ecology of tunas. G. D. Sharp and A. E. Dizon (eds). Academic Press, New York, pp. 233-259.
Fiedler, P. C. and H. J. Bernard. 1987. Tuna aggregation and feeding near fronts observed in satellite imagery. Cont. Shelf Res., 7(8) : 871-881.
Fujino, K., K. Sasaki, and S. Okumura. 1981. Genetic diversity of skipjack tuna in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish., 47(2) : 215-222.
Gallucci, V. F. and T. J. Quinn II. 1979. Reparameterizing, fitting, and testing a simple growth model. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 108 : 14-25.
Goldberg, S. R. and D. W. K. Au. 1986. The spawning of skipjack tuna from Southeastern Brazil as determined from histological examination of ovaries. In Proceeding of the ICCAT Conference on the International Skipjack Year Program. P. E. K Symons, P. M. Miyake, and G. T. Sakagawa (eds). ICCAT, Madrid, Spain, pp. 277-284.
González-Garcés, A. and A. C. Fariña-Perez. 1983. Determining age of young albacore, Thunnus alalunga, using dorsal spines. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 8 : 117-122.
Hampton, J. 2002. Stock assessment of skipjack tuna in the western and central Pacific Ocean. 15th Meeting of the Standing Committee on Tuna and Billfish, Honolulu, Hawaii, 22-27 July 2002, WP SKJ-1.
Hill. K. T., G. M. Gailliet, and R. L. Radtke. 1989. A comparative analysis of growth zones in four calcified structures of Pacific blue marlin, Makaira nigricans. Fish. Bull., 87 : 829-843.
Hu, F. and R. T. Yang. 1972. A preliminary study on sexual maturity and fecundity of skipjack tuna. J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan., 1(1) : 88-97.
Johnson, A. G. 1983. Comparison of dorsal spines and vertebrae as ageing structures for little tunny, Euthynnus alletteratus, from the northeast Gulf of Mexico. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 8 : 111-115.
Lehodey, P., M. Bertignac, J. Hampton, A. Lewis, and J. Picaut. 1997. El Niño Southern Oscillation and tuna in the western Pacific. Nature 389 : 715-718.
Liu, C. C. and S. Y. Yeh. 1991. Age determination and growth of red emperor snapper (Lutjanus sebae) in the Arafura Sea off north Australia. Acta Oceanogr. Taiwanica, 26 : 36-52.
Matsumoto, W. M., R. A. Skillman, and A. E. Dizon. 1984. Synopsis of biological data on skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ., 451 : 92p.
Megalofonou, P. 2000. Age and growth of Mediterranean albacore. J. Fish. Biol., 57 : 700-715.
Naganuma, A. 1979. On spawning activities of skipjack tuna in the western Pacific Ocean. Bull. Tohoku Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., 40 : 1-13.
Nihira, A. 1996. Studies on the behavioral ecology and physiology of migratory fish schools of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the oceanic frontal area. Bull. Tohoku Natl. Fish. Res. Inst., 58 : 137-233.
Pearson, D. E. 1996. Timing of hyaline-zone formation as related to sex, location, and year of capture in otoliths of the window rockfish, Sebastes entomelas. Fish. Bull., 94 : 190-197.
Ratkowsky, D. A. 1983. Nonlinear regression modeling. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY. 276p.
Shabotiniets, E. I. 1968. Opredelenie vozrasta tuntsov Indiiskogo okeana. Trudy VNIRO, vol. 64 : Trudy Azcher NIRO 28 : 374-376. (Transl. by B. S. Batts, Chesapeake Sci., 13(4) : 237-244 )
Sibert, J. R., J. Hampton, D. A. Fournier, and P. J. Bills. 1999. An advection-diffusion-reaction model for the estimation of fish movement parameters from tagging data, with application to skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 56 : 925-938.
Stéquert, B., J. N. Rodriguez, B. Cuisset, and F. L. Menn. 2001. Gonadosomatic index and seasonal variations of plasma sex steroids in skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) from the western Indian Ocean. Aquat. Living Res., 14 : 313-318.
Sosa-Nishizaki, O., M. Shimizu, and Y. Nose. 1989. The potential Use of the second dorsal fin rays of skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis as an aging character. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 55(9) : 1599-1564.
Sun, C. L., C. L. Huang, and S. Z. Yeh. 2001. Age and growth of the bigeye tuna, Thunnus obesus, in the western Pacific Ocean. Fish. Bull., 99 : 502-509.
Sun, C. L., S. P. Wang, and S. Z. Yeh. 2002. Age and growth of the swordfish (Xiphias gladius L.) in the waters around Taiwan determined from anal-fin rays. Fish. Bull., 100 : 822-835.
Sun, C. L. and S. Z. Yeh. 2002. Biological data collection and study on skipjack tuna caught by Taiwanese tuna purse seine fishery - 2001. 16th Meeting of the Standing Committee on Tuna and Billfish, Mooloolaba, Qld, Australia, 9-16 July 2003, WP SKJ-4
Tanabe, T. 2001. Feeding habits of skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis and other tuna Thunnus spp. juveniles in the tropical western Pacific. Fish. Sci., 67 : 563-570.
Tanabe, T., S. Kayama, M. Ogura, and S. Tanaka. 2003a. Daily increment formation in otoliths of juvenile skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis. Fish. Sci., 69 : 731-737.
Tanabe, T., S. Kayama, and M. Ogura. 2003b. Precise age determination of young to adult skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) with validation of otolith daily increment. 16th Meeting of the Standing Committee on Tuna and Billfish, Mooloolaba, Qld, Australia, 9-16 July 2003, WP SKJ-8.
Uchiyama, J. H. and P. Struhsaker. 1981. Age and growth of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, and yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, as indicated by daily growth increments of sagittae. Fish. Bull., 79(1) : 151-162.
Wild, A. and J. Hampton. 1994. A review of the biology and fisheries for skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, in the Pacific Ocean. FAO Fish. Tech. Paper, 336(2) : 1-51.
Wild, A. and T. J. Foreman. 1980. The relationship between otolith increments and time for yellowfin and skipjack tunas marked with tetracycline. Inter-Am. Trop. Tuna Comm., Bull., 17(7) : 507-560.
Wild, A., J. B. Wexler, and T. J. Foreman. 1995. Extended studies of increment deposition rates in otoliths of yellowfin and skipjack tunas. Bull. Mar. Sci., 57(2) : 555-562.
Yoshida, H. O. 1971. The early life history of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, in the Pacific Ocean. Fish. Bull., 69(3) : 545-554.
Zar, J. H. 1999. Biostatistical analysis. 4th ed. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 663p.
中華民國台灣地區漁業統計年報,1995-2003。行政院農業委員會漁業署編印。
王勝平,1999。台灣海域劍旗魚之年齡與成長研究。國立台灣大學海洋研究所碩士論文,97頁。
江偉全,2004。台灣東部海域雨傘旗魚族群動態及資源評估。國立台灣大學海洋研究所博士論文,171頁。
李梁康,1992。南大西洋產長鰭鮪之年齡與成長研究。國立台灣大學海洋研究所碩士論文,69頁。
沈世傑、李信徹、邵廣昭、莫顯蕎、陳春暉、陳哲聰,1993。台灣魚類誌。國立台灣大學動物學系。台北。960頁。
孫志陸、葉素然,2001。應用非平衡生產量模式評估西太平洋正鰹資源。八十八下半年及八十九年度鮪、魷漁業資源計畫研討會報告專輯,第四輯,229-238頁。
殷名稱,1998。魚類生態學。水產出版社。基隆。537頁。
陳之婕,2004。利用耳石研究中西太平洋我國鰹鮪圍網漁獲正鰹的年齡與成長。國立台灣大學海洋研究所碩士論文,51頁。
黃建龍,1999。西太平洋大目鮪之年齡與成長研究。國立台灣大學海洋研究所碩士論文,47頁。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔