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研究生:陳美惠
研究生(外文):Mei-hui Chen
論文名稱:台灣環頸雉型態變異與遺傳多樣性之研究
論文名稱(外文):Morphological Variation and Genetic Diversity of Taiwan Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus formosanus
指導教授:袁孝維袁孝維引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-Wei Yuan
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:森林學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:粒線體DNA控制區遺傳多樣性族群遺傳結構台灣環頸雉形質分析
外文關鍵詞:Taiwan Ring-necked Pheasantmorphometric analysis
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本論文探討台灣地區本土與外來亞種環頸雉型態特徵及粒線體DNA控制區基因型之差異,以及本島各族群遺傳多樣性和遺傳結構,俾提供台灣環頸雉個體鑑識與族群保育之參考依據。研究共分三個部分,第一部分利用形質測量分析探討本土與外來亞種的鑑識問題,第二部分則討論台灣島內各環頸雉族群的型態差異,第三部分以粒線體控制區的DNA序列探討本土與外來亞種基因型,各族群之遺傳多樣性,以及族群間遺傳分化和基因交流等遺傳訊息。研究結果顯示,以主成份分析及正典鑑別分析可以有效區分本土與外來亞種環頸雉之差異形質,同時也可以比較出台灣西部與東部族群的型態特徵。在遺傳多樣性研究上,粒線體DNA控制區高度變異區之序列分析,可用來建構環頸雉基因型的演化親緣關係樹,從中區分出台灣本土與外來亞種環頸雉的基因型,以及分析各族群遺傳多樣性和遺傳結構。本論文研究結論建議,未來進行原生環頸雉族群保育或人工復育計畫時,可利用外部形質測量分析、粒線體DNA基因型與遺傳多樣性分析,做為環頸雉各原生或外來族群的個體辨識工具,並提供擬訂族群保育及復育經營措施之參考依據。
The study discusses the differences on the morphological characteristics and the genotype of mitochondrial DNA control region between native and imported ring-necked pheasants. Furthermore, the study also analyzes the genetic diversity and population genetic structure for different groups of the Taiwan Island. Three parts mainly compose the study: 1. The morphometric analysis between native species and imported species; 2. The morphological differences among Taiwan ring-necked pheasant groups; 3. The genotype of native and imported pheasants using mitochondrial DNA control region sequencing, analyzes the genetic diversity, genetic divergence and gene flow among population. By the principle component analysis and canonical discriminant analysis the study recognizes effectively on the morphological differences between native species and imported species, and the differences between Taiwan western groups and eastern groups as well. By mitochondrial DNA control region sequencing the relationship of haplotype phylogenies can be reconstructed to distinguish the Taiwan ring-necked pheasant and imported ring-necked pheasant. Additionally, the sequencing can be used to analyze genetic diversity and genetic structure. The results are expected to provide the reference base for identifying and conserving Taiwan ring-necked pheasant.
目 錄
第一章 引言………………………………………………………………1
第二章 台灣環頸雉族群形質測量分析……………………………….8
中文摘要……………………………………………………….9
英文摘要……………………………………………………….11
前言…………………………………………………………….13
第一部分:台灣本土與外來亞種環頸雉族群形質測量分析…15
材料與方法…………………………………………………….15
結果與討論…………………………………………………….17
第二部分:台灣環頸雉東西部族群形質測量分析……………23
材料與方法…………………………………………………….23
結果與討論…………………………………………………….25
表……………………………………………………………….30
圖……………………………………………………………….42
第三章 台灣地區環頸雉遺傳組成多樣性和族群遺傳結構………….48
中文摘要……………………………………………………….49
英文摘要……………………………………………………….50
前言…………………………………………………………….51
材料與方法…………………………………………………….54
結果…………………………………………………………….58
討論…………………………………………………………….61
表……………………………………………………………….66
圖……………………………………………………………….76
第四章 結論與建議…………………………………………………….79
結論…………………………………………………………….79
建議…………………………………………………………….83
引用文獻……………………………………………………….85
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