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研究生:林賢璋
研究生(外文):Hsien-Chang Lin
論文名稱:Grossman模型的延伸:二分性醫療需求與不確定性
論文名稱(外文):An Extension of Grossman’s Model: A Treatise on Dichotomous Health Consumption and Uncertainty
指導教授:林建甫林建甫引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Fu Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:51
中文關鍵詞:二分性不確定性治療性醫療Grossman模型預防性醫療二分性醫療
外文關鍵詞:dichotomous uncertaintycurative medical caredichotomous medical carepreventive medical care
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本文主旨在延伸Grossman的健康資本模型,延伸考慮醫療需求以及不確定性的二分性。醫療需求可分為兩類:預防性以及治療性醫療需求;而不確定性亦可分為兩類:罹病的不確定性,以及治療的不確定性。
本文除建立醫療需求及不確定性的二分模型外,亦應用模擬的方法得到類似Grossman比較靜態之結果如下:第一,當治療性醫療的價格下降時,預防性醫療的需求會減少,而治療性醫療的需求會增加;第二,當工資率上升時,預防性醫療的需求將減少,而治療性需求將增加;第三,當健康資本的折舊率上升時,將帶動預防性以及治療性醫療需求之增加。
在考慮不確定性的隨機模型中,由於不確定性之存在以及效用函數的凹性,將使得風險趨避者有更高的健康需求。但在最適情況下,不確定性下的健康資本邊際價值將較確定性下小,因此在隨機模型中,健康資本存量將較大。
The main purpose of this paper is to extand Grossman''s health capital model, both consider the dichotomous medical consumption and uncertainty. Medical consumption is separated into two kinds: preventive and curative medical consumption, and uncertainty is separated into two kinds as well: the uncertainty of getting ill and the uncertainty
of curing for illness.
In addition of modeling the dichotomous medical consumption and uncertainty, I apply the method of simulation to point out some similar results to the original Grossman''s comparative statics results: (i) when the price of curative medical consumption decreases, the consumption of preventive medical care decreases, and the demand for curative medical consumption rises; (ii) when the wage rate rises, it makes the use of preventive medical care decrease, and the demand for curative medical care rise; (iii) when the depreciation rate increases, both curative and preventive medical care increase.
In the stochastic model considering uncertainty, I conclude that because of the uncertainty and the concavity of the utility function, the risk-averse individual values health more. However, the marginal valuation of health capital, at optimum, is smaller in the uncertain case than in the certain case, and thus I conclude that the stock of health capital is larger in the stochastic case. This is the same as our intuition.
Acknowledgement..........................................i

Abstract.................................................v

1 Introduction...........................................1

2 Literature Review......................................3
2.1 Uncertainty of Illness.............................3
2.2 Optimal Length of Life.............................6
2.3 Other Related Issues...............................7

3 The Original Grossman''s Model..........................9
3.1 The Grossman''s Model...............................9
3.2 The Optimal Control Resolution....................11
3.3 Comparison with the Original Solution.............14

4 The Dichotomous Treatise: The Deterministic Model.....16
4.1 The Model.........................................16
4.2 Equilibrium Conditions............................18
4.3 Simulation of Change of Health Capital............21

5 The Dichotomous Treatise: The Stochastic Model........25
5.1 Set of Health Status..............................25
5.2 The Stochastic Variable...........................26
5.3 Comparison of Results with Deterministic Model....28

6 Empirical Researches Survey...........................31
6.1 Empirical Analysis Using Grossman''s Model.........31
6.2 Preventive and curative Medical Care..............33

7 Summary and Conclusion................................36

Appendix A: Derivation of Grossman''s Euler Equation.....38

Appendix B: Derivation of Euler Equations in Section 4..40

Appendix C: Derivation of Euler Equations in Section 5..42

Appendix D: Proof of Strictly Convexity in section 5....44

Appendix E: Grossary of Mathematical Terms..............46

Reference...............................................48
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