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研究生:俞玫妏
研究生(外文):Mei-Wen Yu
論文名稱:都市園丁休閒園藝行為與休閒滿意度關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study on the relationship between the leisure horticultural behavior and leisure satisfaction of urban gardener.
指導教授:蕭崑杉蕭崑杉引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:農業推廣學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業經濟及推廣學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:132
中文關鍵詞:植栽常識園藝福祉園丁休閒園藝耕種健康內在動機休閒滿意度植物養育
外文關鍵詞:care-taking an d nuturing behaviorgardenerleisure satisfaction
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近年來,歐美先進國家政府意識到提倡健康的生活型態有助於降低社會健康及醫療成本的支出,因此陸續推動釵h提倡健康休閒法案,並提出「耕種健康」(cultivating health)的呼籲,指出園藝活動是最經濟、自然而有效的疾病預防工具,並針對居民缺乏耕種空間的實際問題,建議政府設置社區花園(key site),因此本研究希望透過都市園丁休閒園藝行為之研究,建立理論性的法則,以作為休閒園藝活動推廣及園藝療法普及都市民眾之理論基礎。

本研究以台北地區熱愛園藝休閒活動,並參與學習組織的都市園丁為研究對象,進行休閒園藝行為與休閒滿意度關係之探討。研究主要目的為建立以植物養育行為及休閒滿意度變項為主的休閒園藝行為模式,並探討研究變項之間的關係。為達研究目的,本研究自行設計休閒園藝行為量表,並經信、效度檢驗後,於大台北地區實施問卷調查。本研究之樣本合計465位,資料主要採SPSS11.5與AMOS 5.0軟體執行統計計算,並以變異數分析與結構方程式(Structural Equation Modeling)為主要資料分析方法。

研究假設都市園丁對植物的態度、內在動機、植栽常識影響植物養育行為,而植物養育行為是預測休閒滿意度的重要因素。研究結果顯示都市園丁確實可從植物養育行為獲得休閒滿意度的心理福祉效益,而植物養育行為主要受到都市園丁對植物的態度及參與休閒園藝活動的內在動機影響,植栽常識對植物養育行為影響效果的研究假設,則未獲得支持。研究建議包括對政府及推廣組織兩部分:

一、對政府的建議
1.園藝活動為精神性休閒活動,可滿足都市民眾對精神世界的渴望
2.農政單位可考慮以新的動機和組織推動休閒園藝
3.落實耕種健康理念,發展休閒服務管理機制

二、對推廣機構的建議
1.針對不同族群,設計園藝健身方案,提供公平休閒機會
2.強化植物養育行為為永續性休閒活動之理念


This research is based on the leisure activities in Taipei District. The purpose of this research is to study the relation of gardening activities to leisure. A horticultural behavior model has been designed to relate the relevant variables. In order to achieve the main purpose of the research, a research has been conducted with a sample size of 456 people through:

1)mailing activities
2)Face-to-face interview

From the interview conduct, the result shows that gardening activities do help people to relax their mind and achieve a certain level of relaxation. Apart from this finding, the research shows that knowledge of gardening is not essential but on the other hand, it is ones passion towards green nature and the satisfaction level. They can achieve from gardening activities (i.e. flowers blooming, beautiful landscape, etc.) This in turns motivate them to indulge onto gardening activities.

The findings of this research proposed recommendations that the governments and agricultural extending organization can undertake:
1)Recommendations to the government
1.Encourage citizens to cultivate interest in gardening. From the fast beat city life that are living. Gardening helps to achieve a certain level of mind relaxation.
2.Agriculture department could use their specialized area to promote such activities.
3.Carrying out the concept of healthy gardening and developing the new management mechanism.

2)Recommendations to the agricultural extending organization
1.Developing activities to target different segments/target group.
2.Promote and educate the importance of protecting the environment and ecosystem.


目錄
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景 7
第二節 研究目的 11
一、 瞭解都市園丁的人群特徵與園藝經驗現況。 11
二、 探討人口變項與休閒園藝行為有關變項之關係。 11
三、 探討影響植物養育行為之因素。 11
四、 分析並建構休閒園藝行為模式。 11
第三節 研究範圍與對象 12
第四節 研究重要性 13
一、 擴充「在家休閒」學術研究資料 13
二、 充實園藝社會學研究基礎 13
三、 提供農政單位規劃園藝產業活動策劃及政策擬定之參考 14
第二章 文獻回顧
第一節 園藝的本質 15
一、 園藝的意義 15
二、 園藝、植物與人類之間的關係 16
三、 休閒園藝的發展 20
四、 休閒園藝活動的復癒效果 22
五、 小結 27
第二節 休閒園藝行為之相關理論 30
一、 休閒園藝行為之意涵 30
二、 景觀復癒的理論基礎 30
三、 植物養育行為的意義與建構 32
四、 影響植物養育行為的因素 33
五、 植物養育行為的討論 38
第三節 休閒滿意度的相關理論 40
一、 休閒滿意度的意義 40
二、 評價式休閒滿意度 41
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究概念、變項與測量指標 44
一、 對植物的態度 44
二、 植栽常識 45
三、 內在動機 46
四、 植物養育行為 47
五、 休閒滿意度 48
第二節 研究架構與假設 50
第三節 問卷的信度及效度檢測 51
一、 對植物的態度量表 52
二、 植栽常識量表 58
三、 植物養育行為量表 58
四、 內在動機量表 61
五、 休閒滿意度量表 62
第四節 研究對象與資料來源 63
第五節 資料分析方法 65
一、 樣本特性的描述性分析 65
二、 單因子變異數分析 65
三、 皮爾遜積差相關分析 65
四、 結構方程式模型分析 65
第四章 研究結果
第一節 樣本特性 69
一、 樣本的結構特性 69
二、 休閒園藝活動經驗之概況 72
第二節 建構指標及變項描述 75
一、 主要變項概況分析 75
二、 主要變項之操作型定義指標說明 79
第三節 人口變項與園藝行為相關變項之關係分析 81
一、 人口變項對園藝行為相關變項之單因子變異數分析 81
二、 人口變項與園藝行為相關變項之關係 91
第四節 測量模型的檢驗 95
一、 初始衡量模式 95
二、 修正衡量模式 102
第五節 結構模型分析 108
一、 模型推導與界定 108
二、 模型辨識度(model indentification) 109
三、 適配度評估 111
四、 假設驗證 112
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 研究結果與討論 115
一、 休閒園藝的當代意義 115
二、 人口變項與主要研究變項之關係 116
三、 休閒園藝行為模式 118
四、 植物養育行為對休閒滿意度的影響 119
第二節 研究限制與建議 120
一、 改善休閒園藝行為量表 120
二、 探討是否還有其他影響因素或因果關係存在 120
三、 將都市園丁分群並擴大有效樣本,分析不同族群的差異 121
第三節 建議 122
一、 對政府的建議 122
二、 對推廣機構的建議 123
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………………125
附錄
一、 園藝專家名單
二、 專家邏輯效度評鑑表
三、 預試問卷
四、 正式問卷


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