(3.210.184.142) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/16 02:49
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳和正
研究生(外文):Ho-Jeng Chen
論文名稱:以DSP控制之汽車用氙燈電子安定器研製
論文名稱(外文):Implementation of A DSP-Based Controller for Electronic Ballast for Automotive Xenon Lamps
指導教授:劉志文劉志文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Wen Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:電機工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:電子安定器氙燈DSP
外文關鍵詞:Xenon LampsDSPHIDBallast
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:179
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
近年來由於汽車業界對光源的要求日益提高,尤其在發光強度、發光效率、壽命、演色性等均為重要的考量,因此氙燈便取代鹵素燈成為主流光源,目前新型的車種中,已開始普遍使用氙燈電子式安定器,用以驅動高強度氣體放電燈作為汽機車頭燈的光源。一般所採用的汽車用電子式安定器的基本電路架構包含直流/直流升壓電路、高壓點火電路、直流/交流換流電路、驅動與保護電路四個部份。
由於氙燈與所有的氣體放電燈一樣都具有負增量阻抗之特性,故安定器系統之穩定度問題成為設計時的一個重要議題。另外,燈管有著複雜的電壓-電流特性曲線以及時序控制需求,使用傳統類比式控制會較依賴元件特性來做反應,不易達到穩定操作。而數位控制器則具有可程式化且彈性佳的特性,對於燈管的動作狀態會有較準確的控制。
本文依傳統式架構實作出安定器之硬體電路,驅動與保護電路則採用DSP(數位信號處理器)來進行數位式控制。為了設計出適當的控制器使系統穩定,文中將推導出安定器系統與氙燈之小訊號模型,並分析安定器系統之穩定度議題。
Xenon lamp is nowadays the most popular type of automotive headlights. The High intensity discharge (HID) lamps have been used in headlights system with high efficiency, long life and natural color. There has been an emerging demand to replace the conventional halogen headlamps with the newly introduced small-wattage metal halide HID Lamps.
In general, the lamp ballast for automotive headlamp consists of four parts: DC/DC converter, Ignition circuit, DC/AC Inverter circuit, Control circuit. Because of the HID lamp has negative incremental impedance, one of the major issue of ballast design is the ballast system stability. Beside, Due to the complex lamp V-I profile and timing control requirement, control circuit built with conventional analog control is unavoidably cumbersome. With the flexibility and programmability, digital controller shows more advantages in this application.
An automotive HID ballast with DSP (digital signal processor) is developed. The small signal model of ballast/HID lamp is also presented and used to analyze the stability of the system.
摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 論文架構 2
第二章 汽車用氙燈特性 3
2.1 汽車用氙燈之簡介 3
2.2 氙燈發光特性與工作原理: 4
2.3 音頻共振現象 9
2.4 氙燈啟動特性 11
第三章 安定器電路架構與動作原理 13
3.1 基本架構 13
3.2 返馳式轉換電路 14
3.3 高壓點火電路 18
3.4 全橋式換流電路 23
3.5 控制電路 24
第四章 小訊號模型與穩定度分析 33
4.1 氙燈之小訊號模型與穩定度分析 33
4.2 安定器之小訊號模型 38
4.3 系統在不同控制模式下之小訊號模型 65
第五章 安定器電路設計與實做 70
5.1 安定器規格 70
5.2 返馳式轉換器設計 72
5.3 高壓點火電路設計 81
5.4 全橋式換流電路設計 83
5.5 DSP控制器之設計 89
第六章 結論與展望 108
6.1 結論 108
6.2 未來展望 109
參考文獻 110
附錄 115
[1]陳竹師, ”HID光源在汽車頭燈上之應用”, 電力電子技術雙月刊 1999年4月,pp.38-48。
[2]徐文彬, “汽車用氙燈特性之研究”, 國立成奶j學電機工程系 碩士論文,九十年五月。
[3]莫清賢、林再福、林憲男, ”最像日光的燈:氙燈”, 電力電子技術雙月刊 1999年4月,pp.19-25。
[4]蔡慶隆, “高照度氣體放電燈產品與市場發展新趨勢:低必v複金屬燈”, 電力電子技術雙月刊 1998年4月,pp.75-82。
[5]C. L. Tsay, H. S. Chun, L. M. Wu, K. S. Kwan, “Development of the versatile electronic ballast for metal halide lamps with phase-shift soft-switching control,” Industry Applications Conference, 1996. Thirty-First IAS Annual Meeting, IAS ''96, Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE , Volume: 4 , 6-10 Oct. 1996 Pages:2112 - 2119 vol.4
[6]Wei Yan; Ho, Y.K.E.; Hui, S.Y.R. “Stability study and control methods for small-wattage high-intensity-discharge (HID) lamps,” IEEE Trans. on Industry application,Vol.37, No5, 2001, pp.361-368.
[7]M. Gulko and S. Ben-Yaakov, “A MHz electronic ballast for automotive-type HID Lamps,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 1997. PESC ''97 Record, 28th Annual IEEE , Volume: 1 , 22-27 June 1997 Pages:39 - 45 vol.1
[8]Miaosen Shen; Zhaoming Qian; Peng, F.Z.; “Design of a two-stage low-frequency square-wave electronic ballast for HID Lamps,” Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on , Volume: 39 , Issue: 2 , March-April 2003 Pages:424 - 430
[9]Ponce, M.; Lopez, A.; Correa, J.; Arau, J.; Alonso, J.M.; “Electronic ballast for HID Lamps with high frequency square waveform to avoid acoustic resonances,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2001. APEC 2001. Sixteenth Annual IEEE , Volume: 2 , 4-8 March 2001 Pages:658 - 663 vol.2
[10]Wei Yan, Y. K. E. Ho, S. Y. R. Hui, “Investigation on methods of eliminating acoustic resonance in small wattage high intensity discharge (HID) lamps,” Proc IAC’2000, pp.3399-3406.
[11]A. Reatti, “Low-cost high power-density electronic ballast for automotive HID Lamp,” Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on , Volume: 15 , Issue: 2 , March 2000 Pages:361 - 368
[12]李忠樹, “汽車用氙燈電子式安定器研製”, 國立台灣大學電機工程研究所 碩士論文, 九二年六月。
[13] Tsorng-Juu Liang, Wen-Bin Shyu, Chun-An Cheng, Chia-Ming Chuang, Jiann-Fuh Chen, “Investigation on transient and steady-state characteristics with electronic ballast of automotive HID lamp,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2002. pesc 02. 2002 IEEE 33rd Annual , Volume: 4 , 23-27 June 2002 Pages:1651 - 1655
[14]Marcio A. Co, Cassius Z. Resende, Domingos S. L. Simontti, Jose L. F. Vieira and Paulo C. A. Almeida, “Microcontrolled electronic gear for low wattage metal halide(MH) and high-pressure sodium(HPS) Lamps,” Industry Applications Conference, 2002. 37th IAS Annual Meeting. Conference Record of the , Volume: 3 , 13-18 Oct. 2002 Pages:1863 - 1868 vol.3
[15]K. C. Lee and B. H. Cho, “Design and analysis of automotive HID lamp ballast system using auxiliary winding,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2000. PESC 00. 2000 IEEE 31st Annual , Volume: 1 , 18-23 June 2000 Pages:544 - 549 vol.1
[16]梁適安, ”交換式電源供給器之理論與實務設計”, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司,1994。
[17]陳文琳, “汽車用氙燈電子式安定器”, 國立成奶j學電機工程系 碩士論文, 八十九年五月。
[18]W. D. Greason, Z. Kucerovsky, S. Bulach, ad M. W. Flatley, “Investigation of the optical and electrical characteristics of a spark gap,” Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on , Volume: 33 , Issue: 6 , Nov.-Dec. 1997 Pages:1519 - 1526
[19] “TMS320LF/LC240xA DSP Controllers Reference Guide System and Peripherals,” Texas Instruments, Dec.2001
[20]Yongxuan Hu, “Analysis and design of high Intensity discharge lamp ballast for automotive headlamp,” thesis of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 2001.
[21]E. L. Laskowski and J.F. Donoghue, “A model of a mercury arc lamp’s V-I behavior,” IEEE Trans. On Industry applicatios,Vol.17, No.4, 1981, pp.419 -426.
[22]P. R. Herrick, “Mathematical models for high-intensity discharge lamps,” IEEE Trans. On Industry applications, Vol.16, No.5, 1980, pp.648 -654.
[23]X. Cao, W. Yan, S.Y.R. Hui and H.Chung, ”Lamp arc resistance modeling of high-intensity-discharge (HID) Lamps,” IEE Proc.-Sci Meas. Technol, Vol. 149, No. 1. January 2002
[24]M. S. Benilov, ”Near-electrode phenomena in HID lamps,” Industry Applications Conference, 2000. Conference Record of the 2000 IEEE , Volume: 5 , 8-12 Oct. 2000 Pages:3301 - 3308 vol.5
[25]J. Ribas, J.M. Alonso, A.J. Calleja, E. Lopez, J. Cardesin, J. Garcia, M. Rico, “Small signal dynamic characterization of HID lamps,” Industry Applications Conference, 2002. 37th IAS Annual Meeting. Conference Record of the , Volume: 2 , 13-18 Oct. 2002 Pages:1489 - 1493 vol.2
[26]X. Cao, Wei. Yan, S.Y.R. Hui and H. S. H.Chung, “High-frequency modeling of low-wattage high intensity discharge (HID) lamps,” Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2001. PESC. 2001 IEEE 32nd Annual , Volume: 1 , 17-21 June 2001 Pages:62 - 66 vol. 1
[27]Peter Fleschand Manfred Neiger, “Modeling of high pressure discharge lamps including electrodes,” Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on , Volume: 27 , Issue: 1 , Feb. 1999 Pages:18 - 19
[28]Robert W.Erickson, Dragan Maksimovic, ”Fundamentals of Power Electronics, ” second edition, SCI-TECH Publishing Co.,Ltd
[29]Osram /Sylvania “HID AC Ballast and Igniter Specification SPEC,” No. 090-00222-001-C
[30]Abraham I. Pressman, “Switching Power Supply Design,” McGraw -Hil, Inc. New York, 1991.
[31]Keith H.Billings, C.Eng., M.I.E.E., ”Switchmode Power Supply Handbook,” The Mcg RAW-Hill Companies, Inc
[32]George C. CHRYSSIS, 梁適安 譯,”高頻交換式電源供給器原理與設計”,全華出版社。
[33]Unitrode application note, “U-161 Powering a 35W DC Metal Halide High-Intensity Discharge (HID) Lamp.”
[34]Philips Semiconductors data sheet, ”UBA2030T Full bridge driver IC,” 2002.Sep 27
[35]龔應時,陳建松,徐永松 編著,“TMS320F/24X DSP控制器原理與應用”, 滄海書局 總經銷
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top