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研究生:何俊輝
研究生(外文):Jun-Hui He
論文名稱:應用排氣壓力進行引擎增壓進氣之CFD計算
論文名稱(外文):Using CFD to Calculate the Supercharged Flow of IC Engine Through Exhaust Pressure
指導教授:周賢福
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:機械工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:CFD-RC進氣增壓引擎廢氣
外文關鍵詞:SuperchargingExhaust GasCFD-RC
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二行程機車排氣污染較嚴重,已將被淘汰,但是50 c.c. 機車如果使用四行程引擎,會有馬力不足的問題,需要設法提升其馬力。而引擎燃燒所產生的能量,大約三分之一以廢氣的型態排放到大氣,如果能利用引擎的廢氣來推動進氣增壓裝置來增加容積效率,可將引擎的性能提升,同時可間接的在引擎排放的廢氣污染上作有效的控制。
由各種進氣增壓法的發展歷史看來,大部分都是用於汽車或是卡車上,鮮少用於機車上。所以要設計出一使用的機車進氣增壓設備則是一個可以研究的課題。
本研究設備利用活塞運動的原理,圓管內部有一固體滑塊,將中間的圓管分為新鮮氣室與廢氣室。圓管兩側分別接上兩直徑較小的圓管,其分別和進氣節流閥門前端及引擎廢氣排出端相接。利用圓管內滑塊兩側的壓力不同,使滑塊在圓管內水平滑動來擠壓新鮮氣室內的新鮮空氣進入引擎氣缸內來增加容積效率以提升引擎效能。
本文利用計算流體力學套裝軟體CFD-RC來模擬一進氣增壓設備,分析在不同的引擎轉速下,此進氣增壓設備的增壓效果及新鮮氣輸出量。
The exhaust emission of two-stroke motorcycle engine is more serious than that of four-stroke engine, so it will be eliminated. But most of 50 c.c. motorcycles use two-stroke engines. The four-stroke 50 c.c. motorcycle will have the problem of lower power output, so we have to increase the power output of the engine. About one-third of input energy of internal combustion engine is released to ambient by exhaust gas. If we use the exhaust gas of engine to drive a supercharger that will increase the performance of engine, and can further reduce the exhaust emission.
By reviewing the history of supercharged internal combustion engine; we found out that almost all of supercharged methods have been developed was used for car or truck, none of them can be used for motorcycle. So designing a supercharger for motorcycles will be a subject that is worthy of studying.
This research used the principle of piston motion. There is a slider in the cylinder that is separated to exhaust chamber and fresh air chamber by this slider. Two small pipes were attached at the ends of cylinder. The fresh air chamber attached to the region in front of inlet throttle, and the exhaust chamber attached to the exhaust pipe of engine. The pressure difference between two sides of slider makes the slider to move in the cylinder that can boost the fresh air in the fresh air chamber to flow into the engine cylinder. That can increase the volumetric efficiency, and hence improve the engine performance.
This research used the computational fluid dynamic software “CFD-RC” to simulate the said supercharger. In the different operation condition, we analyze the supercharging pressure and the mass flow rate of this supercharger.
誌謝……………………………………………………………………..i
中文摘要………………………………………………………………ii
英文摘要………………………………………………………………iii
目錄……………………………………………………………………v
圖目錄………………………………………………………………viii
表目錄………………………………………………………………….xi
符號說明………………………………………………………………xii
第一章 緒論
1.1簡介…..……………………………..…………… ……………..1
1.2文獻回顧……..………..……………..……………………….…2
1.3研究目的………………..………..…..………………………….7
1.4模型結構與作用原理………………..…...……………………..7
1.5研究方法……………………………..………………...………..8
1.6本文架構……………………………..………………...………..9

第二章 基本理論
2.1研究假設……………..…………………………...……………10
2.2統御方程式…………..……………………………………...…10
2.3邊界條件……………..………………………………………...13
2.4設計參數……………..………………………………………...16

第三章 數值方法
3.1 CFD-RC軟體簡介………….……...………………………….17
3.2格點建立…………………..………………………………....18
3.3 CFD-RC的物理性質和邊界條件設定………………...……..18
3.4數值計算….………………………………………………...….20
3.5收斂條件.……………………………………..……….……….23
3.6鬆弛係數(Relax)…………………………….………………....23
3.7軟體的使用……..…………………………….….…………….24

第四章 結果與討論
4.1模擬運轉時間決定………………………………………………..25
4.2模型格點測試……………..……………..…………………….26
4-3計算結果分析……..………..………………………………….27
4-4對引擎進氣增壓之影響……..……..………………………….32
第五章 結論與未來展望
5.1結論…………..………………………………………………...35
5.2建議及未來展望.......................................36
參考文獻………………………………………………………………38
附圖……………………………………………………………………40
附表……………………………..……………………………………56
附錄 CFD-ACE的軟體設定…………………………………………..63
1. Haywood, J. B., Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1999

2. Rakopoulos, C. D., Andritsakis, E. C., and Hountalas, D. T., “The Influence of the Exhaust System Unsteady Gas Flow and Insulation on the Performance of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine,” Heat Recovery Systems & CHP Vol.15,No.1, pp.51-72,1995

3. Wu, C., Puzinauskas, P. V., and Tsai, J. S., “Performance Analysis and Optimization of a Supercharged Miller Cycle Otto Engine,” Applied Thermal Engineering 23, pp.511-521., 2003

4. Payri, F., Benajes, J., Reyes, M., “Modelling of Supercharger Turbines in Internal-Combustion Engines,” International Journal of Mechanical Sciences Vol.38, Issue: 8-9, pp. 853-869, August 9, 1996

5. Yasuyuki, S., Shinya, T., Takashi, K., and Takabe, S., “Lysholm Compressor for Small Passenger Cars,” JSAE9534630, 1995

6. Takei, N., and Takabe, S., “Optimization in performance of Lysholm compressor,” JSAE Review Vol.18, Issue: 3, pp. 331-338, July, 1997

7. Fasis , A., Laford , A., and Ribaud , Y., “Preliminary Analysis of the Flow Inside a Three-port Wave Rotor by Means of a Numerical Model,” Aerospace Science and Technology, 1998, no.5, pp.289-300.

8. Fujiwara, S., Norimatcu, N., and Taun, J., “Advance Super Charge System for Small Engines,” SAE 1999-01-3318
9. Oguri, Y., Suzuki, T., Yoshida, M., and Cho, M., “Research on Adaptation of Pressure Wave Supercharger(PWS) to Gasoline Engines,” SAE 2001-01-0368.

10. Weber, and F., Guzzella, L., “Control Oriented Modelling of a Pressure Wave Supercharger,” SAE 2000-01-0567.

11. Weber, F., Guzzella, L., and Onder, C., “Modelling of a Pressure Wave Supercharge Including External Exhaust Gas Recirculation,” Proc Instn Mech Engrs Vol.216 Part D: J Automobile Engineering

12. Icngür, Y., Hasimoglu, C., and Salman, M. S., “Effect of Comprex Supercharging on Diesel Emissions,” Energy Conversion and Management 44, pp.1745-1753., 2003

13. Akbari, P., and Muller, N., “Gas Dynamic Design Analyses of Charging Zone for Reverse-Flow pressure Wave Superchargers,” 2003 Spring Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division, Salzburg Austria, May 11-14, 2003

14. Pulkrabek, W. W., Engineer Fundamentals of the Internal Combustion Engine, Prentice Hall.

15. White, F. M., Viscous Fluid Flow, McGraw-Hill,Inc.

16. White, F. M., Fluid Mechanics, M McGraw-Hill,Inc.

17. CFD-GEOM_ User_ Manual, 2002, CFD Research Corporation.

18. CFD- ACE(U)_ Model_ Manual,2002,CFD Research Corporation.

19. CFD- ACE(U)_ User_ Manual,2002,CFD Research Corporation.

20. CFD-VIEW_ User_ Manual, 2002, CFD Research Corporation.
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