(3.236.231.61) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/11 22:24
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:吳珮佳
研究生(外文):Pei-Chia Wu
論文名稱:沉水植物對於水中磷的去除之研究-以水蘊草為例
論文名稱(外文):Remove phosphorus from water by submerged macrophyte, Egeria densa Planch
指導教授:駱尚廉駱尚廉引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:環境工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:水蘊草沈水植物人工濕地
外文關鍵詞:constructed wetlandphosphorEgeria densa Planch
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:412
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在不考量微生物作用和土壤吸附的前提下,以實驗室規模來探討沈水性水生植物—「水蘊草」去除水中磷濃度的效果,嘗試來定位沈水性植物在濕地中的角色,並希冀能對日後人工濕地設計或一般水域施工設計上提供參考。
水蘊草(Egeria densa Planch)為一種多年生沈水植物,已在台灣歸化多年,在各地的溝渠中皆可見到大量族群,尤以宜蘭等北部縣市為多。常生長於溝渠、池塘、稻田等環境。
實驗結果顯示:含有水蘊草的水體在水力停留時間為9天,平均溫度為29.4℃下,初始磷濃度為0.36mM人工水樣,其正磷酸鹽去除率為27.1﹪,其總磷去除率為26.9﹪;在初始磷濃度為0.27mM人工水樣,其正磷酸鹽去除率為39.8﹪,其總磷去除率為33.3﹪。
無論是測得的溶氧或是飽和溶氧率,對照無水蘊草的水體,皆是含有水蘊草的水體較高,溶氧甚至超過當時水中飽和溶氧。
而在類似的起始環境下,無論是總磷或正磷酸鹽,監測期間平均溫度較低者(約25℃),其去除效率較佳,而平均溫度較高者(約30℃),其去除率較低,甚至不及25℃時的去除率之一半。
另外,pH值也是影響磷利用的因子之一。水蘊草隨著pH值日漸上升,會減緩吸收正磷酸鹽的能力。
A lab-scale experiment, ignoring microbial effect and soil adsorption, was investigated to remove phosphorus from water by submerged macrophyte, Egeria densa Planch, in order to realize the position of submerged macrophyte in wetlands, and provide some suggestions for subsequent wetland design or plant application in littoral construction.
Egeria densa Planch is a kind of perennial plant. It has been naturalized in Taiwan for many years, so it can easily be found around ditches, especially in north districts like Ilan County. Egeria densa Planch often grows in ditches, ponds, and rice paddies.
When HRT (hydraulic retention time) is 9 days, mean temperature is 29.4℃, and initial concentration of phosphorus is 0.36mM, the experimental results of the percent of orthophosphate and TP removed are 27.1﹪and 26.9﹪, respectively. In the same condition but initial concentration of phosphorus being 0.27mM, the experimental results of the percent of orthophosphate and TP removed are 39.8﹪and 33.3﹪, respectively.
In the aquatic system with Egeria densa Planch, dissolved oxygen (DO) and dissolved oxygen saturation were higher than those of aquatic system without Egeria densa Planch. Further, DO of the aquatic system with Egeria densa Planch was so high that it could exceed saturated DO at that temperature.
In the similarly initial condition, orthophosphate and TP were both removed better at lower mean temperature (≒25℃) than higher mean temperature (≒30℃). Further, at higher mean temperature (≒30℃), the removal effect of orthophosphate and TP was less than a half of that at lower mean temperature (≒25℃).
In addition, pH is one of the factors that can affect phosphorus to be used by Egeria densa Planch. The more pH increases, the more ability of Egeria densa Planch to uptake phosphorus will decrease.
誌謝………………………………………………………………………i
摘要……………………………………………………………………....ii
Abstract……………………...…………………………………………..iii
目錄………………………………………………………………………v
圖目錄………………………………………………………………….viii
表目錄……………………………………………………………………x

第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………1
1-1 研究緣起……………………………………………………..1
1-2 研究目的與內容……………………………………………..2
1-2-1 研究目的…………………………………………….2
1-2-2 研究內容…………………………………………….2
1-3 研究流程………..…………………………………………...3
第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………………5
2-1 濕地簡介…………………………………………………….5
2-1-1 濕地定義……..…………………………………….5
2-1-2 濕地分類…………………………………………...6
2-2 人工濕地簡介…………………………..…………………...8
2-2-1 人工濕地定義…...……………..…………………..8
2-2-2 人工濕地分類…………………..………………….9
2-3 水生植物簡介……………………………………………...11
2-3-1 水生植物定義…………………….……………….11
2-3-2 水生植物分類…………………….………………12
2-3-3 水生植物弁遄K………………………………….13
2-3-4 水生植物與水質淨化…………………………….15
2-4 人工濕地與磷……………………………………………...17
2-4-1 磷………………………………………………….17
2-4-2 人工濕地對磷的移除…………………………….17
2-5 沈水植物系統簡介………………………………………...19
2-5-1 沈水物系統的研究……………………………….19
2-5-2 沈水植物系統與營養鹽的關係………………….20
2-5-3 沈水植物系統與磷……………………………….21
第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………..23
3-1 實驗材料…………………………………………………...23
3-1-1 水蘊草簡介……………………………………….23
3-1-2 水蘊草來源……………………………………….25
3-1-3 水蘊草所需營養鹽……………………………….25
3-2 實驗配備…………………………………………………...25
3-2-1 實驗藥品………………………………………….25
3-2-2 實驗器材………………………………………….27
3-3 實驗限制與考量…………………………………………...27
3-4 實驗內容…………………………………………………...29
3-4-1 實驗方法………………………………………….29
3-4-2 分析方法………………………………………….30
第四章 結果與討論…………………………………………………..33
4-1 實驗初始準備……………………………………………...33
4-1-1 植物初始狀況…………………………………….33
4-1-2 人工水樣調配…………………………………….34
4-2 人工水樣監測資料………………………………………...35
4-2-1 系統操作及採樣………………………………….35
4-2-2 總磷與正磷酸鹽的監測………………………….38
4-2-3 背景值監測……………………………………….43
第五章 結論與建議…………………………………………………..53
5-1 結論………………………………………………………...53
5-2 建議………………………………………………………...54

參考文獻………………………………………………………………..57

附錄……………………………………………………………………..63
英文文獻

Adler, P.R., Summerfelt, S.T., Glenn, D.M., and Takeda, F., (2003) Mechanistic approach to phytoremediation of water. Ecological engineering, 20, 251-264.

Bole, J.B. and Allan, J.R., (1977) Uptake of Phosphorus from Sediment by Aquatic plants, Myriophyllum spicatum and Hydrilla verticillata. Wat. Res., 12, 353-358.

Clarke, S.J. and Wharton, G., (2001) Sediment nutrient characteristics and aquatic macrophytes in lowland English rivers. The science of the total environment, 266, 103-112.

Dierberg, F.E., DeBusk, T.A., Jackson, S.D., Chimney, M.J., and Pietro, K., (2002) Submerged aquatic vegetation-based treatment wetlands for removing phosphorus from agricultural runoff: response to hydraulic and nutrient loading. Wat. Res., 36, 1409-1422.

Garbey, C., Murphy, K.J., Thiébaut, G., and Muller, S., (2004) Variation in P-content in aquatic plant tissues offers an efficient tool for determining plant growth strategies along a resource gradient. Freshwater Biology, 49, 346-356.

Graham, L.E. and Wilcox, L.W., (2000) Algae. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River.

Gu, B., Debusk, T.A., Dierberg, F.E., Chimney, M.J., Pietro, K.C., and Aziz, T., (2001) Phosphorus removal from Everglades agricultural area runoff by submerged aquatic vegetation/limerock treatment technology: an overview of research. Water science and technology, l44(11-12), 101-108.

Gupta, M., Rai, U.N., Tripathi, R.D., and Chandra, P., (1995) Lead induced changes in glutathione and phytochelatin in Hydrilla Verticillata(l. f.) Royle. Chemosphere, 30(10), 2011-2020.

Hammer, D.A., (1997) Creating freshwater wetlands, 2nd ed. CRC Press/Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.

Horppila, J. and Nurminen, L., (2003) Effect of submerged macrophytes on sediment resuspension and internal phosphorus loading in Lake Hiidenvesi (southern Finland). Wat. Res., 37, 4468-4474.

Kadlec, R.H. and Knight, R.L., (1996) Treatment wetlands, 2nd ed. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.

Knight, R.L., Gu, B., Clarke, R.A., and Newman, J.M., (2003) Long-term phosphorus removal in Florida aquatic systems dominated by submerged aquatic vegetation. Ecological engineering, 20, 45-63.

Mitsch, W.J. and Jørgensen, S.E., (2004) Ecological engineering and ecosystem restoration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken.

Mitsch, W.J. and Gosselink, J.G., (2000) Wetland, 3rd ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Moshiri, G.A., ed., (1993) Constructed wetlands for water quality improvement. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Reddy, K.R., Kadlec, R.H., Flaig, E., and Gale, P.M., (1999) Phosphorus retention in streams and wetlands: A review. Critical review in environmental science and technology, 29, 83-146.

Salisbury, F. B. and Ross, C.W., (1992) Plant physiology, 4th ed., Wadsworth, Belmont.

Scheffer, M., Hosper, S.H., Meijer, M.L., Moss, B., and Jeppesen, E., (1993) Alternative equilibria in shallow lakes. Trends Ecol. Evol., 8, 275-279.

U.S.A. EPA, (2000) Manual: constructed wetlands treatment of municipal Wastewaters. http://www.epa.gov/ORD/NRMRL, Cincinnati.

U.S.A. EPA, (1993) Created and natural wetlands for controlling nonpoint source pollution. C. K. SMOLEY, Boca Raton.

Weisner, S.E.B., Strand, J.A., and Sandsten, Håkan, (1997) Mechanisms regulating abundance of submerged vegetation in shallow eutrophic lakes. Oecologia, 109, 592-599.

Xu, H., Wang, B., Yang, Q., and Liu, R., (1992) Treatment of domestic sewage in macrohydrophyte ponds. Wat. Sci. Tech., 26(7-8), 1639-1649.



中文文獻

王姿文、荊樹人、林瑩峰、李得元、沈家丞、沈道剛、蔡凱元,「不同水生植物於人工濕地中生長情形之探討」,嘉南學報,第二十五期,1999年。

何子潔,「重金屬鎘在布袋蓮中的隔離與傳送之研究」,碩士論文,國立台灣大學農業化學所,2002年。

李黃允,「以二階段人工濕地去除生活污水中之營養鹽」,碩士論文,國立中山大學環境工程研究所,2001年。

林鎮洋、邱逸文,「生態工法概論」,明文書局,2003年。

林春吉1,「台灣水生植物ゝ濕地生態導覽」,田野影像出版社,2000年。

林春吉2,「台灣水生植物ヾ自然觀測圖鑑」,田野影像出版社,2000年。

林煥堂,「臺灣北部原生及歸化水生植物調查與設計模式之研究」,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學園藝學研究所,1998年。

洪國鑫,「高水力負荷下濕地污染物模式分析」,碩士論文,國立成奶j學環境工程學系,2002年。

荊樹人、林瑩峰、李得元、王姿文、郭富雯、楊勝傑、黃再模,「水生植物對於污水中磷酸鹽去除效果的探討」,第二十二屆廢水處理技術研討會論文集,1997年。

財團法人台北市七星農田水利研究發展基金會(中文編譯),「河川植生的基本知識」,經濟部水利署,2003年。

國立台北科技大學土木系 編印,「生態工法技術參考手冊」,經濟部水利署,2003年。

楊遠波、顏聖紘、林仲剛、黃世富(菱科)、郭紀凡(蓼科)、梁慧舟(莎草科),「台灣水生植物圖誌」,行政院農委會,2001年。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔