(18.206.12.76) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/23 09:35
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:鍾莉婷
論文名稱:福克納《出殯現形記》和《八月之光》中女性/男性的社會地位
論文名稱(外文):The female / male social position in Faulkner's As I Lay Dying and Light in August
指導教授:祁夫潤 
指導教授(外文):Professor Jerome F. Keating
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:英國語文學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:南方封閉社會父權女性附屬社會建構
外文關鍵詞:Southclosed societypatriarchfemalesubordinationsocial construction
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:136
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘要
本文主要探討威廉•福克納的小說《出殯現形記》和《八月之光》中女性角色的次等地位。福克納虛構出的約克納帕塔法郡即為美國南方社會的縮影。福克納的作品主要在反映南方社會女性的次等地位。二十世紀時,雖然女權運動不斷地在推動,在福克納所處的時代,女性從來就不能和男性所抗衡。
本論文一共四章。第一章介紹美國南方社會中女性的次等地位,本文根據文化研究來說明雖然女性地位已有提昇,但她們仍是男性的附屬品。
第二章,我將《出殯現形記》和《八月之光》中四位女性角色分成三種類型。第一類是班靄荻;第二類是班朱黛和萊娜•格魯夫;第三類是喬安娜•伯頓。除了用文化研究來探討這三種類型的女性角色是否不如男性外,也將引用西蒙•波娃的論述「一個人之為女人,與其說是天生的,不如說是形成的」,來說明女性的次等地位是社會制度造成的。
第三章,從文化研究的觀點來探討三類親子關係。第一類討論雙親冷淡的婚姻關係如何影響班達兒的人格發展。第二類探討父親嚴厲的教養方式如何影響喬•克里斯默斯對女性的態度。第三類說明即使無能的班安斯也有其做父親的權威,因為這是一個由男性所主導的社會。
第四章為結論,歸納出由於這個社會是由男性所主導,這個社會賦予他們權力把女性貶到次等地位,女性不可避免地不如男性。
Abstract
This thesis aims to explore the female’s subordinate position in William Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying and Light in August. Faulkner’s imaginary County, Yoknapatawpha County, is the epitome of the South. Faulkner’s works reflect the women’s inferior status in the South. In Faulkner’s time, the Southern women were never on an even footing with their masculine counterparts, though there was continual improvement of women’s inferior status in twentieth century.
There are four chapters in my thesis. In Chapter One, I plan to introduce the women’s inferior status in the South and how their inferior status have improved but is still subordinate to men. The critical approach of cultural studies will be applied for this situation.
In Chapter Two, I categorize women in As I Lay Dying and Light in August into three types. The first type is Addie Bundren. The second type is Dewey Dell and Lena Grove. The third type is Joanna Burden. Each of them may demonstrate whether they are inferior to men or not. I attempt to use cultural studies and Simone de Beauvoir’s declaration “one is not born, but rather becomes, a woman” to explain that the reason women are inferior to men results from their social system construction.
In Chapter Three, I focus on the parent-children relationship from the standpoint of cultural studies. The first part is Darl Bundren. I attempt to present how the parent’s indifferent conjugal relationship influences the development of children. The second part is Joe Christmas. My discuss focuses on the patriarch’s severe attitude of upbringing on his children will influence his attitudes toward women. And this influence is negative. The third part I am going to talk about is Anse Bundren. I plan to demonstrate that even an effeminate father has the authority on his children. The society is male-dominated.
Chapter Four is the conclusion. The male-dominate society relegates women to the secondary category. The subordination of women is because of social construction. Women are inevitably inferior to men because their society imposes this role upon them.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter One: Introduction………………………………………………1
Chapter Two: The Unspoken Female Voices…………………………17
I. The Unspoken Voices─Addie……………………17
II. A Journey to Rebirth?─Dewey Dell and Lena
Grove ………………………26
III. The Outsider─Joanna Burden…………………38
Chapter Three: The Dominant Male Power……………………………44
I. The Unwanted Child─Darl Bundren………………45
II. The Outcast─Joe Christmas………………………56
III. The Master─Anse Bundren…………………………68
Chapter Four: Conclusion………………………………………………78
Works Cited………………………………………………………………83
Works Cited
Berland, Alwyn. LIGHT IN AUGUST: A Study in Black and White. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1992.
Bleikasten, Andre. The Ink of Melancholy. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1990.
---. “Light in August: The Closed Society and Its Subjects.” in New Essays on Light in August. Ed. Michael Millgate. New York: Cambridge UP, 1987, p. 81-102.
Blotner, Joseph., and Gwynn, Frederick. eds. Faulkner in the University: Class Conferences at the University of Virginia. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1959.
Brooks, Cleanth. William Faulkner: The Yoknapatawpha County. New Haven: Yale UP, 1991.
Broughton, Panthea Reid. William Faulkner: The Abstract and the Actual. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1974.
Campell, Neil., and Kean, Alasdair. American Cultural Studies: An Introduction to American Culture. New York: Routledge, 1997.
Chabrier, Gwendolyne. Faulkner’s Families: A Southern Saga. New York: The Gordian Press, 1993.
Chodorow, Nancy. The Reproduction of Mothering. California: University of California Press, 1978.
Davis, Thadious M. Faulkner’s “Negro”: Art and the Southern Context. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1994.
De Beauvoir, Simone. The Second Sex. Trans. and ed. H. M. Parshley. New York: Vintage Books, 1989.
Faulkner, William. As I Lay Dying. New York: Vintage International, 1990.
---. Light in August. New York: Vintage International, 1990.
---. “A Rose for Emily” in Selected Short Stories of William Faulkner. Eds. Bennett Cerf and Donald S. Klopfer. New York: Random House, 1961, p. 49-61.
Fowler, Doreen. Faulkner: THE RETURN OF THE REPRESSED. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1997.
Garrison, Joseph M. Jr. “Perception, Language, and Reality in As I Lay Dying” in William Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying. Ed. Dianne L. Cox. New York: Garland Publishing, 1985, p. 49-62.
Gladstein, Mimi Reisel. The Indestructible Woman in Faulkner, Hemingway, and Steinbeck. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1986.
Guerin, Wilfred L., Labor, Earle., Morgan, Lee., & etc. “Cultural Studies” in A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature. New York: Oxford UP, 1999, p. 239-301.
Jenkins, Lee. “Psychoanalytic Conceptualization of Characterization, or Nobody Laughs in Light in August.” in Faulkner and Psychology. Eds. Donald M. Kartiganer and Ann J. Abadie. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1994. p. 189-218.
Kartiganer, Donald M. “Introduction” in Faulkner in Cultural Context. Eds. Donald M. Kartiganer and Ann J. Abadie. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1997, vii-xvi.
Kloss, Robert J. “Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying.” in The American Imago 38.2 (1981): 429-444.
Lee, Brian. American Fiction 1865-1940. London: Longman, 1987.
Lind, Ilse Dusoir. “Faulkner’s Women.” in The Maker and The Myth: Faulkner and Yoknapatawpha, 1977. Eds. Evans Harrington and Ann J. Abadie. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1978, p. 89-104.
---. “The Mutual Relevance of Faulkner Studies and Women’s Studies: An Interdisciplinary Inquiry.” in Faulkner and Women. Eds. Doreen Fowler and Ann J. Abadie. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1986, p. 21-40.
Lockyer, Judith. Ordered by Words: Language and Narration in the Novels of William Faulkner. Carbondale: South Illinois UP, 1991.
Marshall, Harriette. “The Social Construction of Motherhood: An Analysis of Childcare and Parenting Manuals.” in Motherhood: Meanings, Practices and Ideologies. Eds. Ann Phoenix, Anne Woollett, and Eva Lloyd. London: SAGE Publications, 1991.
Mckean, Keith F. “Southern Patriarch: A Portrait.” in Virginia Quarterly Review, 36 (Summer 1960): 377.
Minter, David. A Cultural History of the American Novel: Henry James to William Faulkner. New York: Cambridge UP, 1994.
Mathews, Donald G. “Christianizing the south: sketching a synthesis.” in New Directions in American Religious History. Eds. Harry S. Stout and D. G. Hart. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997, p. 84-115.
Morris, Wesley, and Morris, Barbara Alverson. Reading Faulkner. Madison: the University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.
Ortner, Sherry B. “Is Female to Male as Nature is to Culture?” in A Cultural Studies Reader. Eds. Jessica Munns and Gita Rajan. London: Longman, 1995, p. 491-508.
Page, Sally R. Faulkner’s Women: Characterization and Meaning. Deland: Everett/Ewards, 1972.
Parker, Robert Dale. Faulkner and the Novelistic Imagination. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985.
Parsons, Thornton H. “Doing the Best They Can.” in The Georgia Review XXIII. 3 (1969): 292-303.
Pilkington, John. The Heart of Yoknapatawpha. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1983.
Porter, Carolyn. “Symbolic Fathers and Dead Mothers: A Feminist Approach to Faulkner.” in Faulkner and Psychology. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1994, p. 78-101.
Railey, Kevin. Natural Aristocracy: History, Ideology, and the Production of William Faulkner. Tuscaloosa: the University of Alabama Press, 1999.
Rich, Adrienne. Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution. New York: Norton, 1976.
Robers, Diane. Faulkner and Southern Womanhood. Athens: the University of Georgia Press, 1994.
Rothman, Barbara Katz. “Beyond Mothers and Fathers: Ideology in a Patriarchal Society.” in Mothering: ideology, Experience, and Agency. Eds. Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Grace Change, & Linda Rennie Forcey. New York: Routledge, 1994, p. 139-57.
Schwarzer, Alice. After The Second Sex: Conversations with Simone De Beauvoir. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984.
Slatoff, Walter J. Quest for Failure: A Study of William Faulkner. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1972.
Stein, Jean. “The Art of Fiction XII: William Faulkner” in Paris Review, no. 12 (Spring, 1956), 50.
Swiggart, Peter. The Art of Faulkner’s Novels. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1963.
Vickery, Olga W. The Novels of William Faulkner: A Critical Interpretation. Baton Rouge: Louisiana, 1995.
Wadlington, Warwick. “The Guns of Light in August: War and Peace in the Second Thirty Years War.” in Faulkner in Cultural Context. Eds. Donald M. Kartiganer and Ann J. Abadie. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1997, p. 125-147.
---. Reading Faulknerian Tragedy. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1987.
Watson, Jay. “Writing Blood: The Art of the Literal in Light in August” in Faulkner and the Natural World. Eds. Donald M. Kartiganer and Ann J. Abadie. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1999, p. 66-97.
Williamson, Joel. William Faulkner and Southern History. New York: Oxford UP, 1993.
Womack, Kenneth. “Introduction: Theorising Culture, Reading Ourselves” in Literary Theories: A Reader and Guide. Ed. Julia Wolfreys. New York: New York UP, 1999, 593-646.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔