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研究生:鍾貝金
研究生(外文):Becky Chung
論文名稱(外文):"There is a Will Resisting Resistance": A Comparative Study of Transnational Bildungsroman in Shirley Geok-lin Lim''s Works
指導教授:張瓊惠張瓊惠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Joan Chiung-huei Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系比較文學碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:比較文學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:126
中文關鍵詞:林玉玲《兩個夢》《月白的臉》《香與金》成長小說漂泊離散跨國旅行亞美文學
外文關鍵詞:Shirley Geok-lin LimTwo DreamsAmong the White Moon FacesJoss and GoldBildungsromandiasporatraveling transnationalismAsian American literature
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本論文共分五章,主要是以成長小說的觀點,評論林玉玲的短篇小說《兩個夢》(1997)、回憶錄《月白的臉》(1996) 與長篇小說《香與金》(2001)。林玉玲以一九六九年發生於馬來西亞的五一三排華事件貫穿這三部作品,並從不同性別與國籍(華裔馬來西亞與亞裔美籍女性、美籍男性旅者)的觀點來看,造成華裔馬來西亞人漂泊離散的歷史傷痕,說明個人成長與國家發展息息相關。
首章導論分別從性別與族裔的觀點回顧成長小說,再以成長小說中男女英雄成長模式(離開-啟蒙-回歸)作為論文各章架構。第二至四章分別討論《兩個夢》、《月白的臉》、《香與金》為女性成長小說、藝術家成長小說、男性成長小說。末章重新評估傳統英雄成長模式與林玉玲跨國成長模式間的異同。
林玉玲作品裡呈現的跨國成長模式,誠如葉慈所說的擴大的輪轉(the widening gyre)。這意味著個人的成長隨著"離開-啟蒙-回歸"而持續;文本關懷的主題也隨著漂泊離散而擴大。從短篇小說《兩個夢》描寫女性,到回憶錄《月白的臉》建構自我與家國,再到長篇小說《香與金》重新省思性別與家國,這三部作品不僅呈現出角色的個人成長,也帶出了主題的成長。本論文安排這三部作品的順序,亦隱含著成長模式的三階段:離開-啟蒙-回歸。
This thesis, divided into five chapters, features Shirley Geok-lin Lim''s Two Dreams (1997), Among the White Moon Faces (1996), and Joss and Gold (2001) as works in a transnational Bildungsroman mode. The pivotal event that is represented in Lim''s three works is the May 13 anti-Chinese riots in 1969 Malaysia. Lim examines this historical trauma that caused Chinese Malaysians to experience a global diaspora in various perspectives from Chinese Malaysian and Asian American female characters as well as an American male traveler so as to situate personal development within the national framework.
This thesis follows the route of heroic journey (separation-initiation-return) as a framework in each chapter. Chapter One introduces the Bildungsroman, its development from androcentric to gynocentric perspectives, from Eurocentric to postcolonial aspects, and its relevance to Lim. Chapter Two to Chapter Four respectively analyzes Two Dreams as a female Bildungsroman; Among the White Moon Faces as a Künstlerroman, the Bildung of an artist; Joss and Gold as a Male Bildungsroman. Chapter Five synthesizes Lim''s three works in terms of the Bildungsroman and revaluates the Bildungsroman pattern in her works.
The Bildungsroman pattern in Lim''s works is like "the widening gyre"--in Yeats''s term--which means that individual development is widening with the traveling route--separation-initiation-return--and the themes are broadening with the diasporic experience. From writing about women in Two Dreams, to writing about self and homelands in Among the White Moon Faces, and finally to reexamining gender, home, and nation in Joss and Gold, Lim''s works not only depict a protagonist''s Bildung experience, but also imply a process of thematic Bildung from microcosm to macrocosm. This thesis arranges Lim''s three works thus to see in them the route of the hero-path: separation-initiation-return.
Chapter One: Introduction --------------------------------- 1-24
Chapter Two: Two Dreams as a Female Bildungsroman -------- 25-53
Chapter Three: Among the White Moon Faces as a Künstlerroman (the Bildung of an artist) ------------ 54-82
Chapter Four: Joss and Gold as a Male Bildungsroman ----- 83-109
Chapter Five: Conclusion ------------------------------- 110-118
Works Cited -------------------------------------------- 119-126
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