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研究生:陳彥鳴
研究生(外文):Chen, Yen-Ming
論文名稱:廢玻璃資源化再利用技術及潛勢分析
論文名稱(外文):Analyses of the Resources Recycling Technology and Potential Utilization of Waste Glass
指導教授:張添晉張添晉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang, Tien-Chin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:環境規劃與管理研究所
學門:環境保護學門
學類:其他環境保護學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:142
中文關鍵詞:廢玻璃再利用技術玻璃容器映像管日光燈管
外文關鍵詞:waste glassrecycling technologyglass containerCRTfluorescent tube
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玻璃類為質重且不易分解之物質,佔用了掩埋場大量空間,縮短掩埋場之使用年限。環保署自民國87年實施「四合一資源回收計畫」提升各物品回收量,雖然亦使廢玻璃資源回收量由民國86年13,375公噸增至民國91年66,239公噸,增加近5倍回收量,但由於過去廢玻璃之主要再利用處理途徑為經分類分色等前處理後,再投入玻璃製程中當原料再製新容器。因此廢玻璃回收量漸增,然而於再利用市場有限情況,造成回收商及地方政府清潔隊面臨廢玻璃回收後卻無再利用管道而囤積之壓力。
有鑑於國內廢玻璃回收量於現在及未來有逐漸提高之趨勢,然而缺乏充足再利用技術管道以及良好管理,使得我國廢玻璃回收後無妥善去處而面臨囤積之窘境。因此如果無法為回收之廢玻璃尋求一多管道流通方向及管理方式,便失去廢玻璃資源回收之意義。
本研究主要進行三種不同廢玻璃種類探討,包括數量比例最多之廢玻璃容器,以及特殊有害玻璃部分,如廢電視機電腦監視器之映像管玻璃與廢日光燈管。本研究之目標為希望能先藉由了解國內外對廢玻璃回收之相關法規、措施及回收成果等現況,並探討各廢玻璃回收再利用技術應用於國內之潛勢評估,提供一多重管道再利用途徑及管理方案建議予國內政府相關單位參考,以解決廢玻璃囤積之問題。
Solid waste contains a large amount of waste glass. Waste glass is massy material and is hard to be decomposed. It can’t be treated as conventional landfill disposal because it will shorten the lifecycle of landfill site. Taiwan EPA carried out 〝Four in one resource recycle project〞 in 1998, and it increased nearly 5 times the amount of the resource recycling glass from 1997 to 2002. However, the main recycling technology of waste glass was regarded glassworks as partly raw materials of remade container. Therefore, we accumulate a large amount of recycling glass, due to the limited technique in resource-recycling, the recycle traders and sanitary workers are discouraged by the stress of stocking up.
Due to the lack of the recycling technology and management and the rapid growth in accumulated recycling glass, we face awkward situation of recycling glass. Therefore, we need to seek new circulating channels and management styles, or it will loss the meaning of recycling glass.
This research discusses the three kinds of glass, including the glass container which is the major part of waste glass, waste CRT glass, and waste fluorescent tube. The purpose of this research is to discuss the potential utilization that can apply each waste glass recycling technology in home. For solving the problem of rapid growth in accumulated waste glass, we hope this research can offer multiple channels and management scheme to government.
中文摘要---------------------------------------------i
英文摘要---------------------------------------------ii
誌謝-------------------------------------------------iv
目錄-------------------------------------------------v
表目錄-----------------------------------------------viii
圖目錄-----------------------------------------------xi
第一章 前言-------------------------------------------1
1.1 研究背景與動機-----------------------------------1
1.2 研究目的-----------------------------------------2
1.3 研究方法-----------------------------------------3
第二章 文獻回顧---------------------------------------5
2.1 廢玻璃之資源種類---------------------------------5
2.1.1 玻璃容器--------------------------------------6
2.1.2 平板玻璃--------------------------------------7
2.1.3 日光燈管--------------------------------------8
2.1.4 電視機螢幕及電腦監視器------------------------9
2.2 我國都市廢棄物中廢玻璃物質之特性-----------------11
2.2.1 我國廢玻璃物質含量---------------------------11
2.2.2 廢玻璃物質之物理及化學性質-------------------13
2.3 國內外廢玻璃相關法規制度與資源化現況-------------14
2.3.1 德國------------------------------------------15
2.3.2 日本------------------------------------------19
2.3.3 美國------------------------------------------22
2.3.4 台灣地區--------------------------------------26
第三章 廢玻璃容器再利用技術之評估---------------------32
3.1 廢玻璃容器再利用於工程上之考量-------------------32
3.2 廢玻璃容器應用於公共工程之評估-------------------33
3.2.1 混凝土骨材之再利用評估------------------------33
3.2.2 鋪路工程之再利用評估--------------------------45
3.2.3 作為地磚材料之再利用評估----------------------52
3.2.4 人工養灘之再利用評估--------------------------59
3.2.5 水泥製程之再利用評估--------------------------64
3.3 廢玻璃容器於非公共工程之應用---------------------71
第四章 特殊有害玻璃再利用技術之評估-------------------76
4.1 特殊有害玻璃再利用之考量-------------------------76
4.2 特殊有害玻璃再利用技術評估-----------------------80
4.2.1 廢CRT玻璃再利用面-----------------------------81
4.2.2 廢日光燈管再利用面----------------------------89
4.3 特殊有害玻璃再利用技術綜合評估-------------------93
第五章 廢玻璃資源化應用之潛勢分析---------------------98
5.1 國內廢玻璃處理現況-------------------------------98
5.1.1 廢玻璃容器之處理現況--------------------------98
5.1.2 特殊有害玻璃之處理現況------------------------101
5.2 廢玻璃再利用技術之潛勢評估-----------------------104
5.2.1 廢玻璃應用於公共工程替代砂石之潛勢------------104
5.2.2 廢玻璃容器再利用技術之潛勢--------------------106
5.2.3 特殊有害玻璃再利用技術之潛勢------------------111
5.3 廢玻璃再利用管道之通路規劃-----------------------114
5.3.1 國內廢玻璃再利用市場之探討--------------------114
5.3.2 再利用管道之規劃方向--------------------------118
5.3.3 廢玻璃回收資源化推動策略----------------------123
5.4 可行之廢玻璃資源化管理對策-----------------------125
第六章 結論與建議-------------------------------------132
6.1 結論---------------------------------------------132
6.2 建議---------------------------------------------135
參考文獻----------------------------------------------137
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