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研究生:楊景翔
研究生(外文):Ching-Shiang Yang
論文名稱:家庭電能管理系統之研製
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of Home Energy Management System
指導教授:姚立德姚立德引用關係
指導教授(外文):Leehter Yao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:機電整合研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:電能管理監控轉傳器智慧型開關家庭閘道器
外文關鍵詞:Energy managementTransceiverIntelligent switchHome gateway
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由於科技的蓬勃發展,微電腦控制器與即時監控系統的快速進步,使得家庭自動化得以實現,本論文研製一套家庭電能管理系統,採用電力線作為資料傳輸的媒介,避免了破壞家中裝潢或更改原有管線配置,開發完整之人機介面、監控轉傳器、智慧型開關及家庭閘道器,其中家庭閘道器可讓用戶透過網路或電話,對家庭中用電設備或開關進行監控。此外,家庭電能管理系統亦能配合台電例行之家用電器普及狀況調查,對一般家庭中耗能較大之用電設備,具有用電記錄儲存及上傳之功能。

Due to the advancement of information technology, microcomputer controller and immediate supervisory system developed rapidly, and realized the home automation. A home energy management system (HEMS) is developed in this thesis. The power line is utilized as the transmission medium in the proposed system. To avoid changing home decoration or pipeline arrangement, develops human-machine interface (HMI), transceiver, intelligent switch and home gateway. Home gateway is for customer to control or monitor his/her home appliances and switches via Internet or telephone line. HEMS will also provide the functions of recording and transmitting energy consumption of large energy-consumed home appliances for TPC’s regular home appliances load survey.

中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目錄 iii
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 文獻探討 3
1.4 論文規劃 6
第二章 家庭自動化之現況 8
2.1 簡介 8
2.2 家庭自動化國內外發展狀況 8
2.2.1 國內家庭自動化發展狀況 8
2.2.2 國外家庭自動化發展狀況 15
2.3 家庭自動化通訊媒介 19
2.3.1 電力線 20
2.3.2 電話線家庭網路 24
2.3.3 無線家庭網路 25
2.4 家庭自動化技術規格 26
2.4.1 X-10 27
2.4.2 CEBus 27
2.4.3 Lonworks 29
2.4.4 EHS (European Home System) 31
2.4.5 EIB (European Installatron Bus) 31
2.4.6 EchoNet 31
第三章 家庭電能管理系統 34
3.1 簡介 34
3.2 家庭電能管理系統整體架構 35
3.3 家庭電力守衛系統 39
3.3.1 簡介 39
3.3.2 介面整合模組與通訊模組 40
3.3.3 監控管理模組 41
3.3.4 監控執行模組 42
3.3.5 預約排程模組 42
3.3.6 電表訊號擷取模組 43
3.3.7 負載管理模組 43
3.4 監控轉傳器 51
3.4.1 簡介 51
3.4.2 神經網路晶片Neuron Chip 52
3.4.3 監控轉傳器硬體架構 52
3.4.4 標準網路變量定義 53
3.5 封包格式 55
第四章 智慧型開關之研製 56
4.1 簡介 56
4.2 系統硬體架構 57
4.3 智慧型開關模組硬體與韌體設計 59
4.3.1 末端監控單元 59
4.3.2 數位輸出模組 59
4.3.3 數位輸入模組 63
4.3.4 類比輸入模組 65
4.3.5類比輸出模組 73
4.3.6 電源供應模組 76
第五章 遙控器與紅外線遙控訊號轉傳模組 77
5.1 簡介 77
5.2 遙控器功能與硬體架構 77
5.3 遙控器之硬體與韌體設計 79
5.3.1中央處理模組 79
5.3.2 鍵盤輸入模組 80
5.3.3 液晶顯示模組 80
5.3.4 電源供應模組 80
5.3.5 紅外線發射模組 80
5.3.6 紅外線接收模組 85
5.4 紅外線遙控訊號轉傳模組 89
5.5 通訊格式 90
5.6 無線電轉傳模組 91
第六章 家庭閘道器 95
6.1 簡介 95
6.2 家庭閘道器硬體架構 96
6.2.1 嵌入式控制器硬體架構 97
6.2.2 電話控制模組 100
6.2.3 自動撥號模組 105
6.3 家庭閘道器軟體設計 110
6.4 家庭閘道器通訊格式 114
6.5 脈衝訊號擷取模組 116
第七章 實驗 117
第八章 結論 129
8.1 結論 129
8.2 未來展望 130
參 考 文 獻 131

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