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研究生:林金延
研究生(外文):Chin-Yen Lin
論文名稱:0.35μmCMOS製程應用於多模低壓降穩壓器為基礎之鋰離子電池充電器
論文名稱(外文):A Multi-Mode LDO-Based Li-Ion Battery Charger in 0.35μm CMOS Technology
指導教授:蔡加春蔡加春引用關係黃育賢
指導教授(外文):Chia-Chun TsaiYuh-Shyan Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電腦通訊與控制研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:鋰離子電池低壓降穩壓器充電器保護電路
外文關鍵詞:Li-ion batteryLow dropout voltage regulatorBattery chargerProtection IC
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本論文首次應用CMOS製程,設計與實作一個多模低壓降穩壓器為基礎之鋰離子電池充電器,此多模低壓降穩壓器中同時擁有電流偵測電路,且能提供小電流、大電流及定電壓對鋰離子電池充電,整個晶片系統以HSPICE模擬分析,模擬結果顯示在供應電源為4.5V的情況下,最小充電電流為150mA,最大充電電流為312mA,充電電壓為4.2V,功率效率為72.3%,功率消耗為1.28W。且由TSMC 0.35μm 2P4M CMOS製程實現,此晶片包括2955顆電晶體,晶片面積1.78mm×1.77mm。
The thesis first employs CMOS technology to design and implement a Li-Ion battery charger that uses multi-mode low dropout (LDO) voltage regulator associated with current sense circuit to supply trickle current, large constant current and constant voltage. The whole circuits have been approved by HSPICE with TSMC 0.35m 2P4M CMOS process. The simulation results provide the trickle current of 150mA, the maximum charging current of 312mA and charging voltage of 4.2V at input voltage of 4.5V. The power efficiency of 72.3% is acceptable under the power of 1.28 W. The chip includes 2955transistors and area is 1.78mm×1.77mm.
目 錄
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 相關研究與應用 2
1.3 研究目的 3
1.4 各章概述 4
第二章 二次電池及充電器的簡介 5
2.1 二次電池種類與簡介 5
2.1.1 鉛酸蓄電池 5
2.1.2 鎳鎘電池 6
2.1.3 鎳氫電池 9
2.1.4 鋰離子電池 11
2.1.5 鋰高分子電池 17
2.1.6 鋰離子電池的安全保護設計簡介 17
2.2 電池檢測方法 22
2.2.1 比重法 22
2.2.2 開路電壓檢測法 23
2.2.3 庫倫檢測法 23
2.2.4 內電阻法 24
2.2.5 -△V檢測法 24
2.2.6 其他方法 ………………………………………………...26
2.3 電池充電器 26
2.3.1 定電壓充電器 26
2.3.2 定電流充電器 27
2.3.3 定電壓/定電流充電器 28
第三章 電路設計 29
3.1 低壓降穩壓器基本原理 29
3.2 低壓降穩壓器的規格與定義 30
3.2.1 壓降 30
3.2.2 靜態電流 31
3.2.3 效率 32
3.2.4 負載調節率 33
3.2.5 線調節率 34
3.2.6 供應電源排斥 34
3.2.7 輸出雜訊 34
3.2.8 輸出電容的等效串聯電阻值 35
3.2.9 精確度 35
3.2.10 導通元件的選擇 36
3.2.11 暫態響應 38
3.2.12 頻率響應 40
3.3 鋰離子充電器架構 41
3.3.1 多模低壓降穩壓器 46
3.3.2 LPD驅動電路 47
3.3.3 HPD驅動電路 48
3.3.4 HPD-mode低壓降穩壓器 48
3.4 電流偵測電路 50
3.5 充電控制電路 52
3.6 相關保護電路設計 53
3.6.1 溫度偵測電路 53
3.6.2 逆電壓保護電路 55
第四章 結果與討論 56
4.1 HPD-mode輸入電壓對輸出電壓模擬 56
4.2 LPD-mode輸入電壓對輸出電壓模擬 57
4.3 HPD-mode安定時間模擬 57
4.4 最大穩定充電電流模擬 58
4.5 LPD-mode充電電流模擬 58
4.6 輸出電壓對溫度模擬 59
4.7 輸出電流對溫度模擬 59
4.8 電流偵測電路模擬 59
4.9 規格列表 62
4.10 晶片實體設計 63
4.11電路佈局 64
4.11.1 最大電流佈局考量 67
4.12 測試考量 67
第五章 結論與未來展望 68
5.1 結論 68
5.2 未來展望 68
參考文獻 69
附錄A:電池專業術語 72
附錄B:2004 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Circuits and Systems
投稿論文 78
參考文獻
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