跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.235.185.78) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/27 18:05
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:汪勁安
研究生(外文):Chin-An Wang
論文名稱:以眼動抑制研究典範探討閱讀過程中注意力與眼球運動的關係
論文名稱(外文):The Bridge to Link Attention and Saccadic Control in Reading: Saccadic Inhibition Paradigm in Eye Movement Study
指導教授:曾志朗曾志朗引用關係洪蘭洪蘭引用關係蔡介立蔡介立引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ovid J. L. TzengDaisy L. HungJie-Li Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立陽明大學
系所名稱:神經科學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:眼動抑制眼球運動注意力閱讀
外文關鍵詞:saccadic inhibitioneye movementattentionreading
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:821
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:251
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:14
本研究是藉由眼動抑制研究典範(saccadic inhibition paradigm)探討在閱讀過程中注意力對眼球運動的影響。眼動抑制研究典範是指在進行認知作業(如閱讀或視覺搜尋)的同時,隨機地在不同的時間點做刺激置換(display change),觀察受試者眼動潛時分佈(distribution of saccade latency)的改變,發現在螢幕置換後的60毫秒開始,眼睛移動(saccade)的頻率減少,Reingold與Stampe (2000)認為這是干擾了眼動控制機制(oculomotor control)引起的低階生理反應,稱為眼動抑制(saccadic inhibition)現象且進一步發現它會受到注意力調節。本研究第一要看中文閱讀中是否也可以看到眼動抑制現象且是否會受注意力調節。第二藉由此會受注意力調節的特性去看:1.在閱讀中注意力轉移受什麼因素影響(語言或視覺歷程)。2.閱讀中注意力的處理是序列還是平行。實驗中請受試者閱讀文章,在實驗一中操弄遮蔽刺激(1×1度視角大小)出現的位置(凝視點左側或右側的2或5視角),重覆驗證了眼動抑制現象。在實驗二中,為了增加注意力增強(attentional enhancement)效果,加大了遮蔽刺激的面積(2×2度視角),遮蔽刺激的位置分別是在左邊2-3度或4-5度,右邊2-3度或4-5度。實驗結果如預期看到因為眼動抑制現象會受注意力影響的特性,在由左向右讀的情境下,遮蔽刺激出現在凝視點右邊相較於出現在左邊有比較強的眼動抑制效果,即一致性效果(congruency effect)。事後分析右2-3這個情況,依凝視字的字頻高低與筆劃多寡分別分析,發現高頻字相較於低頻字有比較強的眼動抑制效果,而不受筆劃數影響;支持注意力轉移會受語言處理歷程影響(字頻),而不受視覺處理歷程(筆劃數) 影響。實驗三增加一個控制組發現當遮蔽刺激出現在凝視早期,就已經發現右邊的眼動抑制效果大於左邊,支持注意力處理是平行的處理過程,而不是一個字一個字序列的處理過程。
The purpose of this research was to investigate the relation between attention and saccadic control in reading by using a saccadic inhibition paradigm. In this paradigm, a flicker was presented for 33 ms at random intervals while participants read passages for comprehension. Reingold and Stampe (2000) documented a decrease in saccadic frequency as early as 60 to 70 ms following the onset of this task-irrelevant display change. This effect, which was referred to as saccadic inhibition, occurred in response to abrupt changes in visual input and (the magnitude of which was found to be modulated by attention.
In Chinese reading, whether language or visual processing influence attentional shift and whether attentional processing is parallel or serial was investigated with three experiments. In experiment one, with 1 ? 1 degree flicker presented at the location of 2 or 5 degrees to the left or right of the current fixation point. The saccadic inhibition effect was replicated in Chinese reading and the decrease in saccadic frequency occurred 50 to 60 ms after the onset of the flicker. In experiment two, the size of the flicker was enlarged to enhance attentional effect and the congruency effect was found, i.e., the saccadic inhibition effect was stronger when the flicker was presented in the same direction as reading direction (congruent) than when it was presented in the opposite direction (incongruent). In addition, the magnitude of saccadic inhibition effect was stronger when the fixations were on high frequency characters than low frequency characters, but was not influenced by character complexity. The results suggest that attentional shift in reading was influenced by language processing but not visual processing. In experiment three, the congruency effect was found in the beginning 100 ms during fixations when a control condition was added. This supported that attentional allocation could be parallel rather than serial during the reading of text.
中文詞知識庫小組(1993)。技術報告93-02:新聞語料詞頻統計表。台北:中央研究院資訊科學研究所。
蔡介立。(2000)。從眼動控制探討中文閱讀的訊息處理歷程:應用眼動誘發呈現技術之系列研究。國立政治大學心理 學研究所 博士論文。台北。台灣。
Fischer, M. H. (1999). An investigation of attention allocation during sequential eye movement tasks. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, A, 52, 649-677.
Inhoff, A. W., Radach, R., Starr, M., & Greenberg, S. (2000).
Allocation of visuo-spatial attention and saccade programming during
reading. In A. Kennedy, R. Radach, D. Heller, & J. Pynte (Eds.), Reading
as a perceptual process (pp.221-246). Elsevier: Oxford.
Inhoff, A. W., Starr, M., & Shindler, K. L. (2000). Is the processing of words during eye fixations in reading strictly serial? Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 1474-1484.
Kandel, E. R., James H. S., & Thomas M. J. (2000). Principles of Neural Science. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kennedy, A. (2000). Parafoveal processing in word recognition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 53A, 429-456.
Kennedy, A. (2000). Attention Allocation in Reading: Sequential or Parallel? In A. Kennedy, R. Radach, D. Heller and J. Pynte (Eds.), Reading as a Perceptual Process (pp. 193 - 220). Elsivier: Oxford.
Kustov, A. A., & Robinson, D. L. (1996). Shared neural control of attentional shifts and eye movements. Nature, 384, 74-77.
McConkie, G. W., Reddix, M. D., & Zola, D. (1992). Perception and cognition in reading: Where is the meeting point? In: K. Rayner (Ed.), Eye movements and visual cognition: Scene perception and reading (pp 293-303). Springer Verlag, NY.
Morrison, R.E. (1984). Manipulation of stimulus onset delay in reading: Evidence for parallel programming of saccades. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 10, 667-682.
Munoz, D. P., Dorris, M. C., Par?, M., & Everling, S. (2000). On your mark, get set: brainstem circuitry underlying saccadic initiation. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol, 78, 934-944.
O''Regan, J. K. (1990). Eye movements and reading. In E. Kowler (Ed.), Eye movements and their role in visual and perceptual process (pp. 395-453). Elsevier: Science Publishers.
Rayner, K. (1998). Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 372-422.
Reichle, E. D., Rayner, K., & Pollatsek, A. (2003). The E-Z Reader model of eye movement control in reading: Comparisons to other models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 26, 518-526.
Reingold, E. M., & Stampe, D. M. (1999). Saccadic inhibition in complex visual tasks. In W. Becker, H. Deubel, & T. Mergner (Eds.), Current oculomotor research: Physiological and psychological aspects (pp. 249-255). Plenum: London.
Reingold, E. M., & Stampe, D. M. (2000). Saccadic Inhibition and Gaze Contingent Research Paradigms. In A. Kennedy, R. Radach, D. Heller and J. Pynte (Eds.), Reading as a Perceptual Process (pp. 119-145). Elsevier: Amsterdam.
Reingold, E. M., & Stampe, D. M. (2002). Saccadic inhibition in voluntary and reflexive saccades. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 371-388.
Reingold, E. M., & Stampe, D. M. (2003). Using the saccadic inhibition paradigm toinvestigate saccadic control in reading. In J. Hyona, R. Radach & H. Deubel (Eds.) The Mind''s Eyes: Cognitive and Applied Aspects of Eye Movements (pp. 347-360). Amsterdam, Netherlands: North-Holland/Elsevier Science Publishers.
Reingold, E. M., & Stampe, D. M. (2004). Saccadic inhibition in reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human, Perception, & Performance, 30, 194-211.
Rizzolatti, G., Riggio, L., Dascola, I., & Umilta, C. (1987). Reorienting attention across the horizontal and vertical meridians: Evidence in favor of a premotor theory of attention. Neuropsychologia, 25, 31-40.
Sapir, A., Soroker, N., Berger, A., & Henik, A. (1999). Inhibition of return in spatial attention: Direct evidence for collicular generation. Nature Neuroscience, 2, 1053-1054.
Starr, M., & Rayner, K. (2001). Eye movements during reading: some current controversies. Trends in Cognitive Science, 30, 147-157.
Tsai, J. L., Lee, C. Y., Yen, M. H., Tzeng, O. J. L., & Hung, D. L. (2003). Perceptual units when reading Chinese sentence. The 44th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Vancouver, Canada.
Tsai, J. L., & McConkie, G. W. (2003). Where do Chinese readers send their eyes? In J. Hyona, R. Radach & H. Deubel (Eds) The Mind''s Eyes: Cognitive and Applied Aspects of Eye Movements (pp. 159-176). Amsterdam, Netherlands: North-Holland/Elsevier Science Publishers.
Vitu, F., O''Regan, J. K., Inhoff, A.W. & Topolski, R. (1995). Mindless reading: Eye movement characterstics are similar in scanning strings and reading texts. Perception & Psychophysics, 57, 352-364.
Walker, R., Deubel, H., Schneider, J. M., & Findlay, W. S. (1997). Effect of remote distractors on saccade programming: evidence for an extended fixation zone. Journal of Neurophysiogy, 78, 1108-1119.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊