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研究生:何旻珊
研究生(外文):Min-Shan Ho
論文名稱:針對華語之助聽器補償策略平台建構
論文名稱(外文):Building a platform of hearing aid’s compensative strategy for Mandarin
指導教授:楊順聰楊順聰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shuenn-Tsong Young
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立陽明大學
系所名稱:醫學工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:生醫工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:助聽器補償策略助聽器選配
外文關鍵詞:hearing aidcompensative strategyfitting
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:227
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  • 下載下載:44
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
由於工商業發達進步,人們往往暴露在過量的噪音環境下而不自知,進而使聽力受到噪音影響而受損,此外,年齡或疾病亦是造成聽力損失很常見的原因。聽障者通常需要助聽器與相關聽覺輔具來改善他們的聽力與生活。因此助聽器對於聽障者來說是非常重要的。目前市面上的助聽器選配都是先依據助聽器的既有規格來做調適,因此常受到特定之限制,無法提供聽障者最佳之調適補償。另一方面現存之助聽器的調適策略都是針對日耳曼語系(英文)所發展的,並沒有針對華語的調適方法,因此會讓國人在配戴助聽器時,無法完全針對個人的所需條件而去量身訂做,以達到較佳之選配調適。就以上兩點,讓我們想對適用華語之助聽器補償策略平台進行研究。為發展適合華語之助聽器選配系統,我們規劃了語音辨識力測驗平台和調適平台,此兩平台藉由NAL系列的調適策略,再加上彈性的頻帶增益調適,透過語音辨識力測驗的驗證來完成有效的助聽器選配流程;藉由此平台的調適除預期可以找到聽障者個人的最佳聽力補償曲線外,我們也期望藉由蒐集許多個人之最佳補償曲線,統計找出針對華語有益的助聽器補償方法。
此外本研究也將建立一套合宜的華語語音辨識力測驗程序,利用個人的純音聽力圖和華與語音分佈圖(Speech Banana)做對應,以找出屬於聽障者個人的三個語音分佈區域;其中包含了聽的到、聽不清楚和聽不到三個區域,以此為語音辨識力測驗的挑詞依據,進行測驗時並給予相關的混淆詞,使受測者無法猜測或記憶,讓測驗的結果更具可靠度;此種語音辨識力測驗可作為驗證聽障者個人最佳補償曲線的判斷,為助聽器選配之效益提供一項具有量化陳述之指標,而又不失以聽障者滿意度為核心價值之助聽器選配理念。
Due to rapid development of crowded society, people are always exposed to an environment with excess noise; that results in hearing impairment. In addition, age and disease also cause certain hearing problems. Hearing impaired people need hearing aids (HAs) to restore their hearing ability and consequently improve their quality of life. So, HAs are very important for hearing impaired people. At present, the fitting process of HAs is complex and is hindered by the limitations of the HAs’ specifications of. So, the fitting process can’t provide the best compensative effect for hearing impaired people. Namely, HA’s efficacy can’t be optimized. Another issue is that most of the popular fitting strategies are designed for English speakers, not for Mandarin users. It then results that the HAs can’t be fitted suitably for Mandarin speakers in Taiwan. Above all, we will research the platform of hearing aid’s compensative strategy for Mandarin. In order to integrate the features of Mandarin perception and facilitate the fitting procedure, we build a platform for speech discrimination test and a platform for hearing aid’s fitting. The platform is equipped with the NAL fitting strategy and a flexible gain control over 30 frequency bands, and it achieve effective hearing aid’s fitting verifying by speech discrimination score. Besides finding the best compensative curve for individual hearing impaired people, we anticipate that the suitable fitting strategy for Mandarin will be searched through collecting many the best compensative curves of hearing-impaired people..
Furthermore, we will build a suitable process for speech discrimination test for spoken Mandarin. The PTA (pure tone audiogram) of hearing–impaired individual will be mapped into speech banana of conversation speech, and divide the test material into three areas, including hearing area, confused area and no hearing area. Furthermore, the speech discrimination test will be proceeded by selecting suitable test words with confuse words that prevents the subject from conjecturing or remembering test words. The speech discrimination test with high reliability can provide the quantitative target for effective hearing aid fitting , it also keep the conception of hearing aid’s fitting to satisfythe hearing-impaired people.
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