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研究生:傅幸梅
研究生(外文):HSING-MEI FU
論文名稱:酒精對駕駛行為績效影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on the Influence of Alcohol upon Driver Performance and Behavior
指導教授:柳永青柳永青引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理研究所碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:156
中文關鍵詞:駕駛模擬器血液中酒精含量酒醉駕車駕駛行為
外文關鍵詞:Driving BehaviorBlood Alcohol Content(BAC)Driving While Intoxicated(DWI)Driving Simulator
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  • 被引用被引用:35
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  • 下載下載:188
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我國檢測酒醉駕車標準為駕駛人呼氣中酒精含量達 0.25 mg/l,等於血液中酒精含量達 0.05%,則依法送辦。根據內政部警政署交通統計資料顯示:酒醉(後)駕車佔92年1-7月A1類道路交通事故肇事原因的16.20%,且年年高居交通死亡事故前三名,顯見我國酒測標準已經不符實際道路安全需求。此外,世界各國酒駕檢測標準,如:美、英、澳、瑞士、加拿大等國則定呼氣中酒精含量達 0.40 mg/l則觸法。因此,在這些不同酒精濃度判定標準下,對於駕駛工作、視/聽覺、認知判斷、生理等變化程度和關聯程度,為本研究欲探討之重點。
為評估人體在不同酒精含量下對駕駛行為之影響,故本研究以駕駛模擬器模擬高/低負荷二種道路實境,各約20分鐘,以測試駕駛者在不同酒精作用下,對於駕駛工作與生理變化、聽/視覺判斷、認知判斷與接收資訊的能力變化情況。本實驗為2(高/低負荷駕駛環境) x 4(未飲酒與呼氣酒精含量達 0.25 mg/l / 0.40 mg/l / 0.50 mg/l )之組內設計;受測者為雲科大同學8位(男6位;女2位),年齡介於20-30歲,具有效駕駛執照,且身心狀態健康者。
研究結果:(1)呼氣酒精含量增加,駕駛績效愈差,但在呼氣酒精達0.25mg/l之駕駛績效變異則小於未飲酒組;(2)交通標誌距離判定、分割注意力工作、聽聲辨位、數字加減運算、文字關聯性判斷工作之正確率隨呼氣酒精含量增加而下降,反應時間增加;(3)心跳變異、皮膚電位差和耳溫隨呼氣酒精含量增加和高負荷駕駛環境下而上昇,血壓則為下降趨勢;(4)隨呼氣酒精含量增加,而產生主觀之視覺、聽覺、心理努力壓力。詳情請閱本文。
The government of Taiwan R.O.C regulated the driving while intoxicated (DWI) content of alcohol in breath 0.25 mg/l equivalent of the BAC of 0.05%. Base on the traffic statistic’s information of the national police bureau reported that between the periods from January until July of year 2003, the driving while intoxicated result was reported 16.20% in A1 traffic accident. And each year the fatal accidents are reported as tremendously road accidents’ caused in the world. According to the previous research on the world’s standard regulation on the driving while intoxicated (DWI), it reported that in some countries over the world including The United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia, Sweden, and Canada that a driver with alcohol in breath reached up to 0.40 mg/l considered offending the laws. Therefore, this study will mainly examine based on this results.
The study examined the estimation of influences on driving while intoxicated alcohol (alcohol in breath 0.25 mg/l, 0.40 mg/l and 0.50 mg/l) upon drivers, a test was taken to examine the participants’ driving performance and behavior. Two roads environment- driving simulator was designed to examine for this study, each road requires approximately 20 minutes of driving. In this study was 2(high / low driving environment load) X 4 (alcohol in breath 0.25 mg/l, 0.40 mg/l, 0.50 mg/l and no drunk) within subject. There were 8 participants ( 6 males;2 females), they are between the age of 20 and 30 years old with driver’s license, normal visual and audio acuity. Subjects are instructed to perform the driving task, detection task, and physiology measures /mentality test. The performance indexes were separated into two parts. Objective measures include:(1) Driver performance from driving simulator. (2) Judged distance of the traffic sign, divided attention task, sound localization, figured and determined relation of characters. A response time will be taken on all process (in seconds), the accuracy of percentages (%) and miss of percentages (%). (3) Physiology measure (galvanic skin reflex, variation of heartbeat, blood pressure, ear temperature.). Subjective measures include:(1) Background information (sex, age, experience of driving while intoxicated, consuming alcohol et al.). (2) Stress questionnaire (time, mental effort, visual and audio stress.).
Results showed that for objective induces and Stress questionnaire performed significantly. Regarding the alcohol in breath condition, alcohol in breath 0.25mg/l driver variation of performance lower than no drunk. Furthermore discussion and suggestions were described in this paper.
封面題目i
書面主題ii
書面授權書iii
電子檔授權書iv
口試審定書v
誌謝vi
目錄vii
表目錄ix
圖目錄x
中文摘要1
英文摘要2
第一章 緒論3
1.1研究背景與動機3
1.2研究目的5
1.3研究限制與範圍6
1.4重要性8
第二章 現況概述9
2.1國內外酒測標準9
2.1.1酒測值換算11
2.2酒測設備12
2.3國內外酒駕處罰法規15
2.4國內外酒駕統計資料16
2.4.1台灣16
2.4.2美國19
2.4.3英國 21
2.4.4紐西蘭22
第三章 文獻探討24
3.1酒精簡介24
3.2酒精代謝作用 24
3.3酒精劑量計算28
3.4酒精影響下之行為變化29
3.5相關研究32
3.5.1行為面32
3.5.2法律面40
3.5.3收集駕駛工作績效42
第四章 研究方法44
4.1受測者44
4.2實驗設備44
4.3駕駛劇本52
4.4受測者工作59
4.5實驗設計61
4.6實驗程序63
4.7資料收集63
4.8資料分析65
第五章 實驗結果66
5.1受測者背景資料分析66
5.2主觀負荷量表分析69
5.3反應測試結果分析75
5.3.1反應測試題項結果75
5.3.2反應時間比較分析78
5.4駕駛工作績效分析 87
5.4.1駕駛時間分析87
5.4.2駕駛參數值分析89
5.4.3駕駛參數值次數分析104
5.5生理量測結果分析110
5.5.1血壓110
5.5.2耳溫117
5.5.3皮膚電位119
5.5.4心跳121
第六章 討論與建議124
6.1 討論 124
6.2 建議131
參考文獻132
附錄(A).國內外酒駕處罰條文140
附錄(B).實驗同意書147
附錄(C).實驗說明書148
附錄(D).評量記錄表151
附錄(E).測試題目安排彙總表154
作者簡介155
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