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研究生:鍾佳樺
研究生(外文):Chiu-hua Chung
論文名稱:考慮預防保養之變動樣本數與抽樣間隔X-bar管制圖經濟性設計
論文名稱(外文):The Economic Design of VSSI X-Bar Control Charts under a Preventive Maintenance Policy
指導教授:古東源古東源引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tong-Yuan Koo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理研究所碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:預防保養變動抽樣數及抽樣間隔時間 管制圖經濟性設計
外文關鍵詞:Variable Sample Size and sampling interval (VSSIPreventive MaintenanceEconomic Design
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:181
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
隨著自動化社會來臨,機器設備使用率提高,執行適當之預防保養可維持產品品質並降低成本。隨著機器設備使用時間增加,因磨損等因素,造成失效率遞增之退化情形發生。運用傳統 管制圖監控具有退化特性之製程時,因樣本數(n)、抽樣間隔(h)與管制界限係數(k)皆為固定常數,所以無法及時反應製程狀態,造成許多不良品產生。因此,本研究運用變動樣本數與抽樣間隔時間(VSSI) 管制圖的概念在考慮預防保養策略下結合管制圖之經濟性設計之模型,並在單位時間期望成本最小化目標下求出抽樣數(n1、n2)、抽樣間隔(h1、h2)、警告界限係數(w)及管制界限係數(k)之最適組合,最後進行數值分析。結果發現本研究模式能更快偵測出非機遇性原因發生,並節省更多成本。而與非機遇性原因發生有關之尺度參數(λ)、形狀參數(ˇ)及偏移程度(δ)參數、實施一次預防保養之時間(Z2)、變動抽樣成本(b)及搜尋假警報之期望時間(Z0),為影響單位時間成本的重要參數。
As the automatic society will come, the rate of utilization of the machinery is raised, carry out proper preventive maintenance that can maintain the quality of the products and lower costs. Increase with machinery service time, the process will deteriorate that having an increasing hazard rate due to wearing and tearing.
This study proposes an economic design model of variable sample size and sampling interval x-bar chart with considering preventive maintenance policy. The computational results indicate that the proposed model can detect assignable cause more quickly and save more cost. And scale parameter, shape parameter, shift parameter, the expected time to perform preventive maintenance, cost per unit sampled and the expected cost per false alarm are important factors that will influence total expected cost per unit time.
目錄
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
致謝 iii
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 導論 1
1.1 研究問題背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 預防保養 5
2.2 適應性 管制圖 7
2.2.1 變動樣本數與抽樣間隔(VSSI) 管制圖 8
2.2.2 評估指標 10
2.3 管制圖經濟性設計 12
2.3.1 危險率為常數時之 管制圖經濟性設計 12
2.3.2 危險率為遞增函數時之 管制圖經濟性設計 15
2.3.3 適應性 管制圖經濟性設計 18
2.4 預防保養結合管制圖經濟性設計 19
第三章 模式建立 21
3.1 假設條件 21
3.1.1 符號說明 21
3.1.2 基本假設 22
3.1.3 成本模式設定 24
3.2 期望生產週期時間與期望總成本之推導 25
3.2.1 機率推導 25
3.2.2 警告界限係數之推導 28
3.2.3 期望生產週期時間 29
3.2.4 期望週期成本 33
第四章 模式求解與分析 37
4.1 管制圖經濟性設計參數最佳參數組合 37
4.2 變動預防保養成本 40
4.3 變動韋伯分配之參數 40
4.4 修正為VSS 管制圖之模式 43
4.4.1 VSS 管制圖之期望生產週期時間推導 44
4.4.2 VSS 管制圖之期望總成本之推導 45
4.4.3 VSS 管制圖經濟性設計參數最佳參數組合 47
4.4.4 變動韋伯分配之參數 48
第五章 結論與建議 53
參考文獻 56
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