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研究生:黃信夫
研究生(外文):Hsinfu Huang
論文名稱:人對基本幾何形狀面積知覺的研究
論文名稱(外文):A study on thresholds of area perception on geometric figures
指導教授:蔡登傳蔡登傳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Dengchuan Cai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:工業設計系碩士班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:知覺準確度角度面積知覺基本幾何形狀
外文關鍵詞:angle.figure areaPerceptual accuracyGeometric figures
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正三角形、正方形、正五邊形及圓形等基本幾何圖形是平面設計上常被用來作為視覺表達的元素之一,也是基本設計訓練的基礎項目。本研究主要的目的在探討上述四種基本幾何圖形對人的形狀面積知覺之影響,以及圖形旋轉角度對面積知覺的影響。本研究包含二個面積知覺的實驗,實驗的材料有正三角形、正方形、正五邊形、圓形等四類基本幾何圖形,各類圖形均包括樣本圖形與候選圖形二種。樣本圖形的面積均相同,其面積為直徑為5cm圓形的面積。各類候選圖形共有101個,其面積為樣本圖形之面積的50%-150%。
實驗一主要的目的是要了解各幾何形狀對人在面積知覺的準確度。實驗採用極限法測量形狀面積知覺閾值。實驗分遞增及遞減序列等兩種方式進行,受測者操弄候選圖形。在遞增序列,候選圖形游面積為樣本圖形的50﹪開始,當受測者覺得候選圖形小於樣本圖形時,則按下放大鍵,候選圖形則再放大1﹪。而當受測者覺得樣本圖形的面積與候選圖形之面積大小相等時,則按下確認鍵,電腦自動紀錄其圖形的編號。在遞減序列實驗,其候選圖形由樣本圖形面積的150﹪開始顯示,每次遞減1﹪。實驗二是圖形設置角度對其面積知覺影響的實驗,實驗方法是將樣本圖形依其外角平分成4等分,再將圖形旋轉至各角度,並要求受測者進行以樣本圖形比對候選圖形之實驗組合。其目的在探討基本幾何圖形面積知覺之準確性是否會因為角度而改變。
本研究主要結論如下:1) 圖形的邊數愈多,其面積知覺的準確度愈高。2) 圖形的邊數愈少,則其知覺面積愈大。3) 人對形狀面積大小的判斷是依據一維向度所決定。4) 不同的刺激序列 (stimulus series)會影響面積知覺,而且遞增序列優於遞減序列。5) 幾何圖形底邊與水平線間的夾角會影響面積知覺,而且角度改變愈大,其形狀準確度愈差。6) 性別與形狀面積知覺無關。
Geometric figures such as triangles, squares, pentagons, and circles are frequently used as the visual elements for the expression in graphic design and other basic design training courses. This study aims to explore the perceptual accuracy of area perception of these four geometric figures and angle effects on them.
This study included two experiments of area perception. The testing materials included four sorts of figures: triangles, squares, pentagons, and circles. Each sort of figure included a sample figure and 101 candidate figures. The area sizes of each sort of sample figure are equal to an area size of a circle with a diameter of 5 cm. The current study defined this area size to as a standard size. The area sizes of 101 candidate figures ranged from 50% to 150% to the standard size.
The purpose of first experiment aims to investigate the thresholds of accuracy of area perception of the four basically geometric shapes. The purpose of second experiment aims to explore angle effects on accuracy of area perception of these geometric figures. A total of sixteen university students (8 male and 8 female) served as subjects participating the experiment. The subjects were asked to perceive the area size of the sample figure then point out a figure which has same area size with the sample figure. The comparing experiment was conducted using a method called method of limits with both of ascending and descending stimulus series to determinate the thresholds of accuracy of area perception.
The main results of the current study can be summarized as following: 1) Shape with greater sides is more accuracy then that with smaller sides. 2) The perceptual area of figures with greater sides is smaller than that with lesser sides. 3) The person judges the area size based on one dimension. 4) The perceptual area of ascending stimulus series is smaller than that of descending stimulus. 5) The accuracy of area perception of greater rotated angle is more accurate than that of smaller angle. 6) The difference of perceptual sizes between genders is not significant.
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………………I
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………………II
致謝……………………………………………………………………………………III
目錄……………………………………………………………………..…………..IV
表目錄……………………………………………………………………………...VII
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………………VIII
第一章 緒論
1.1 研究背景………………………………………………………………………….1
1.2研究目的…………………………………………………………………………..2
1.3 研究範圍與架構…………………………………………………………………3
第二章 文獻探討……………………………………………………………………5
2.1 視覺原理………………………………………………………………………….5
2.1.1視覺線索……………………….……………………………………..…………6
2.1.2 視覺特徵察覺細胞…………………………..…………………………………7
2.2 知覺處理過程…………………………………………………………………….8
2.2.1視覺知覺的特性……………………………………………………………...9
2.2.2 視覺暫留……………………………………………………………………10
2.2.3 視覺知覺的規則……………………………………………………………10
2.2.3 測量知覺強度…………………………………………………………………11
2.2.4 韋伯定律(Weber’s law) ………………………………………………………13
2.2.5 費區納定律 (Fechner’s law) …………………………………………………14
2.2.6 史蒂芬定律 (Stevens’ Power Law) …………………………………………..14
2.3 基本形狀的定義………………………………………………………………16
2.4 形狀知覺………………………………………………………………………...19
2.4.1方向對形狀知覺的影響………………………………………………………19
2.4.2 大小與比例對形狀知覺的影響………………………………………………20
2.4.3 幾何錯視………………………………………………………………………21
2.5 小結……………………………………………………………………………...22
第三章 人對基本幾何形狀面積知覺實驗
第一節 前言…………………………………………………………………………23
第二節 實驗設計…………………………………………………………………23
3.2.1 受測者…………………………………………………………………………23
3.2.2 實驗材料………………………………………………………………………24
3.2.3 實驗設備………………………………………………………………………24
3.2.4 實驗方法………………………………………………………………………25
第三節 結果與討論…………………………………………………………………26
第四節 小結…………………………………………………………………………35
第四章 角度對基本幾何形狀知覺的影響實驗……………………..……………36
第一節 前言…………………………………………………………………………36
第二節 實驗設計…………………………………………………………………36
4.2.1 受測者…………………………………………………………………………36
4.2.2 實驗材料………………………………………………………………………36
4.2.3 實驗設備………………………………………………………………………38
4.2.4 實驗方法………………………………………………………………………39
第三節 結果與討論…………………………………………………………………40
第四節 小結…………………………………………………………………………46
第六章 結論與建議…………………………………………………..……………47
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………………………47
第一節 建議…………………………………………………………………………47
參考文獻
英文部分……………………………………………………………………………..48
中文部分……………………………………………………………………………..50
附錄一……………………………………………………………………………51
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