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研究生:黃士榮
研究生(外文):Shih-Jung Huang
論文名稱:零電壓切換之直流電源供應器分析與製作
論文名稱(外文):Analysis and Implementation of Zero-Voltage-Switching DC power supply
指導教授:林伯仁
指導教授(外文):Bor-Ren Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:160
中文關鍵詞:主動箝位全橋相移零電流切換零電壓切換直流對直流轉換器功率因數修正切換式電源供應器
外文關鍵詞:Active clampZero-Current-Switch(ZCS)Zero-Voltage-Switch(ZVS)Full-Bridge-Phase-Shift(FB-PS)DC/DC converterPower factor correct(PFC)Switch-Mode-Power-Supply(SMPS)
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:9
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近年來隨著電力電子技術的發展,切換式電源供應器已漸漸取代了傳統的線性電壓調整器。一般而言,中、高功率級的電源供應器,為了符合各種國際間的規範,如IEC555-2、IEC1000-3-2等,均會將系統分成兩個部分;分別為前級的功率因數修正電路與後級的直流對直流轉換器電路。
為了降低因切換頻率提升而增加的切換損失,本論文採用零電壓切換的方式,運用於電路前級的功因修正電路部份;而後級的DC/DC轉換器部分,則以全橋相位移的方式,完成零電壓轉換的功能。因為轉換器的輸出形式為低電壓大電流,所以輸出側部分採倍流架構製作,以降低輸出電流漣波量。
最後,電路的動作原理、設計分析、零電壓切換的操作條件與實驗結果都將於論文中描述和討論。
With the development of power electronic technique, the switching mode power supplies have gradually replaced the linear voltage regulator. Generally speaking, to comply with the international standard, such as IEC555-2 and IEC1000-3-2, the system can be classified into two parts: the power factor corrector circuit as the first stage and the DC / DC converter as the second stage.
In this thesis, we discuss the soft switching techniques to reduce the switching losses and increase the system efficiency. Zero voltage switching technique is used in the adopted AC / DC converter to achieve high power factor, low current harmonics, and stable DC bus voltage. For the DC / DC converter the full-bridge phase-shift zero-voltage-transition (FB-PS-ZVT) technique is also used to decrease the switching losses. In order to reduce the conduction losses at the transformer secondary winding, the current doubler rectifier is also adopted for the DC / DC converter to further reduce the losses and increase the system efficiency.
Finally the operation principle, design analysis, operating conditions to achieve zero-voltage switching, and the experimental results are described and discussed in the thesis.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表 目 錄 vii
圖 目 錄 viii
符號說明 xiv
導論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 論文綱要 2
第二章 功率因數之改善 4
2-1 諧波的定義 4
2-2 功率因數、失真因數、波峰因數的定義 4
2-3 諧波來源 5
2-4 諧波的規範 6
2-5 單相功率因數修正器技術 7
第三章 PWM技術介紹 11
第四章 零電流切換(ZCS)與零電壓切換(ZVS)之介紹 13
4-1 切換損失 13
4-2 零電流切換 14
4-3 零電壓切換 18
4-4 零電壓轉換與零電流轉換 22
第五章 直流對直流轉換器之一次側功率級電路與二次側輸出級電路
分析 24
5-1 一次側電路分析 24
5-1-1 推挽式轉換器 24
5-1-2 半橋式轉換器 25
5-1-3 全橋式轉換器 25
5-1-4 全橋轉換器控制方式 26
5-2 二次側電路分析 27
5-2-1 順向式 29
5-2-2 中間抽頭式 30
5-2-3 倍流式 31
第六章 升壓型零電壓轉換功率因數修正器 32
6-1 動作說明 32
6-2 控制電路之說明與設計 40
6-2-1 振盪器 40
6-2-2 控制電路之說明與設計 40
6-2-3 閘極驅動電路 41
6-2-4 乘法器電路 42
6-2-5 電流合成器 44
6-2-6 電流感測 44
6-2-7 電流誤差放大器 46
6-2-8 電壓誤差放大器 47
6-2-9 保護電路 48
6-2-10 緩啟動 48
6-3 電路元件選取與參數設定 48
6-3-1 主電路部份 48
6-3-2 輔助電路部份 49
6-3-3 震盪頻率 52
第七章 實驗結果(一) 53
第八章 實驗數據(一) 61
8-1 ZVT切換方式效率分析 61
8-2 硬式切換方式效率分析 62
8-3 ZVT切換與硬式切換於220V輸入電壓條件下之效率比較 63
8-4 ZVT 切換方式PF分析 64
8-5 硬式切換方式PF分析 65
8-6 ZVT切換與硬式切換於220V輸入電壓條件下之PF比較 66
8-7 ZVT切換方式THD分析 67
8-8 硬式切換方式THD分析 68
8-9 ZVT切換與硬式切換於220V輸入電壓條件下之THD比較 69
8-10 185V ~ 235V輸入電壓條件,滿載(1250W)之PF比較 70
8-11 185V ~ 235V輸入電壓條件下效率比較 71
8-12 185V ~ 235V輸入電壓條件THD比較 72
第九章 全橋相移式零電壓切換轉換器 73
9-1 動作說明 73
9-2 等效責任週期分析 85
9-3 控制電路之說明與設計 86
9-3-1 典型應用 87
9-3-2 電壓模式控制與電流控制模式 89
9-3-3 死區時間(Delay Set)的設定與說明 90
9-3-4 輸出穩壓功能說明 90
9-3-5 功率開關的驅動方式 91
9-3-6 PWM訊號的產生方式 92
9-3-7 零電壓切換的實現 93
9-4 電路元件參數設定與設計 94
9-4-1 主電路部份 94
9-4-2 諧振路部份 95
第十章 實驗結果(二) 97
第十一章 實驗數據(二) 108
第十二章 實驗數據(三) 109
第十三章 結論 112
參考文獻 113
附錄A 主動箝位技術於反馳式轉換器之應用 117
A-1 系統概述 117
A-2 系統分析 117
A-3 電路元件參數設定 126
A-4 實驗結果 127
A-5 實驗數據 133
A-6 結語 135
附錄B 相關硬體電路實體照片 136
自 傳 140
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