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研究生:林宜民
研究生(外文):Yi-Ming Lin
論文名稱:高性能CPLD控制最大功率追蹤太陽能模組電力轉換系統
論文名稱(外文):High-Performance Maximum Power Point Tracking of Photovoltaic Power Converter System Based on Complex Programmable Logic Device Control
指導教授:華志強華志強引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Chiang Hua
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:118
中文關鍵詞:遮罩太陽能電池最大功率追蹤複雜型可程式邏輯元件正弦脈波寬度調變
外文關鍵詞:SPWM.CPLDMPPTPhotovoltaicshaded
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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本文針對受遮罩的串聯太陽能電池的控制方法和其最大功率追蹤演算法進行研究。文中所採用的架構是將太陽能電池所產生的電能,經過最大功率追蹤後轉換成交流輸出,前級為針對多塊串聯模組的太陽能電池作最大功率追蹤,後級則採用全橋式換流器輸出交流電壓。因為多塊串聯模組的太陽能電池,其中若有部分受光不均或者被遮罩後,將使得太陽能電池的特性由輸出電源轉變成負載,此時太陽能電池不但不能提供功率;反而會消耗功率造成損失。本文前級所採用的架構,便是針對多塊串聯模組的太陽能電池分別進行最大功率追蹤。最大功率追蹤方式,則是採用結合增量電導法和擾動觀察法來完成。控制電路全部由一顆複雜型可程式邏輯元件來完成所有電路迴授、最大功率追蹤和正弦脈波寬度調變訊號輸出,最後經由實驗結果來驗證本文所提出的控制方式。
The fully digital control of the shading of the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for series connected photovoltaic (PV) modules have been proposed in this thesis. A PV inverter is designed to control the MPPT for PV system and synchronize a sinusoidal ac output voltage. The proposed system is composed of a full-bridge inverter, series connected PV modules, and a complex programmable logic device (CPLD) based controller. If part of PV module is prevented from receiving light, the shaded PV module cannot generate any electric power and even become a load, resulting in the power loss. The proposed control enables the individual PV module to operate effectively at the maximum power point (MPP). The MPPT control was achieved with a method combining the incremental conductance method and the perturbation and observation method. The CPLD was used to implement the feedback control, MPPT control and sinusoidal pulse-width modulation (SPWM) control for the system. Experimental results are given to confirm the proposed control scheme.
中文摘要 -i
英文摘要 -ii
誌謝 -iii
目錄 -iv
表目錄 -vi
圖目錄 -vii
符號說明 -xi



第一章、 緒論-1
1.1 研究動機1
1.2 研究目的-2
1.3 論文大綱-5

第二章、 太陽能電力轉換系統簡介6
2.1 前言-6
2.2 太陽能電池發展與應用-8
2.3 太陽能電池串並聯轉換特性-10
2.4 太陽能最大功率追蹤演算法-15
2.5 太陽能轉換器原理與設計-19

第三章、 最大功率追蹤之電力轉換器設計-22
3.1 前言-22
3.2 主電路設計與分析-24
3.3 結合擾動觀察法和增量電導法之最大功率追蹤演算法-32
3.4 正弦脈波寬度調變-34
3.5 電路控制與動作原理-40

第四章、 以CPLD為基礎之系統硬體實現-49
4.1 前言-49
4.2 數位邏輯元件比較-50
4.3 Altera ACEX EP1K100晶片簡介-54
4.4 MPPT&SPWM控制系統IC設計-61
4.5 週邊硬體電路設計-75

第五章、 系統架構與實驗結果-80
5.1 前言-80
5.2 系統架構-81
5.3 電路元件選取-84
5.4 實驗結果-86

第六章、 結論與未來研究方向-99
6.1 結論-99
6.2 未來研究方向-100



參考文獻 -101
附錄一 系統實體照片-105
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