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研究生:葉振興
研究生(外文):Chen-Hsiang Yeh
論文名稱:應用卡門濾波器於同步磁阻馬達之無感測向量控制
論文名稱(外文):Sensorless Vector Control of Synchronous Reluctance Motor with Extended Kalman Filter
指導教授:江煥鏗
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:同步磁阻馬達卡門濾波器干擾轉矩觀測器無感測向量控制
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:165
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本論文以理想的同步磁阻馬達數學模型,利用電磁轉矩及端電流的關係,配合最大轉矩控制策略,來改善同步磁阻馬達平均轉矩較小的缺點。此外利用擴展式卡門濾波器來估測馬達轉速,提出一個同步式磁阻馬達之無速度感測器向量控制。卡門濾波器具有即時線上估測非線性隨機狀態之功能,由電壓、電流去估測轉子角速度,來做為無速度感測器控制器。為了改善加載的問題,又加入干擾轉矩觀測器,使得轉速控制有良好的效果。此閉迴路架構,降低了一般需利用速度感測器來達成控制的成本。
實驗過程先以MATLAB/Simulink模擬以得知此方法的有效性,再配合dSPACE公司生產之DS1102控制系統模組做為控制法則的運算工具,加上自製之硬體週邊電路,達成實作結果來驗証此無感測控制理論的目的。
This thesis uses the maximum torque control strategy to improve low torque phenomenon on ideal mathematical models of motor. In addition, we use an extended Kalman Filter to implement a sensorless vector control of synchronous reluctance motor. The Kalman Filter can estimate random states of nonlinear system on line. The rotor speed is calculated from d-q axis voltages and currents. Furthermore, a disturbance torque observer is added to improve load problem. The closed loop framework can reduce cost because of no speed sensor.
Simulation is developed by using the Matlab/Simulink software. Hardware is achieved by using the dSPACE DS1102 control board and our self-made interface circuits. The validity of the proposed method is confirmed by experiment results.
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………i
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………ii
誌謝……………………………………………………………………………iii
目錄……………………………………………………………………………iv
表目錄………………………………………………………………………vi
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………vii
符號總覽……………………………………………………………………xi

第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究動機………………………………………………………………1
1.2 研究目的………………………………………………………………2
1.3 內容大綱………………………………………………………………2

第二章 同步磁阻馬達…………………………………………………………3
2.1 磁阻馬達產生扭矩原理………………………………………………3
2.2 同步磁阻馬達構造簡介………………………………………………3
2.3 同步磁阻馬達數學模式………………………………………………5
2.3.1 座標轉換……………………………………………………………5
2.3.2 理想數學模式………………………………………………………7
第三章 磁阻馬達向量控制…………………………………………………10
3.1 簡介……………………………………………………………………10
3.2 控制策略………………………………………………………………10

第四章 無感測向量控制……………………………………………………16
4.1 簡介……………………………………………………………………16
4.2 轉軸角/速度估測方法…………………………………………………16
4.3 離散擴展卡門濾波器…………………………………………………17
4.4 干擾轉矩觀測器………………………………………………………23

第五章 空間向量脈寬調變原理……………………………………………26
5.1 簡介……………………………………………………………………26
5.2 電壓空間向量調變……………………………………………………26

第六章 系統設計與軟體應用………………………………………………37
6.1 簡介……………………………………………………………………37
6.2硬體部分………………………………………………………………37
6.2.1 DS1102方塊圖………………………………………………………37
6.2.2 變頻器驅動電路……………………………………………………41
6.2.3 電流迴路偵測電路…………………………………………………44
6.3 軟體應用部分…………………………………………………………46
6.4 ControlDesk……………………………………………………………47
6.4.1 S-function……………………………………………………………48
6.5 TRACE…………………………………………………………………49

第七章 模擬與實作結果……………………………………………………52

第八章 結論…………………………………………………………………80
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………81
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