# 臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

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 This thesis uses the maximum torque control strategy to improve low torque phenomenon on ideal mathematical models of motor. In addition, we use an extended Kalman Filter to implement a sensorless vector control of synchronous reluctance motor. The Kalman Filter can estimate random states of nonlinear system on line. The rotor speed is calculated from d-q axis voltages and currents. Furthermore, a disturbance torque observer is added to improve load problem. The closed loop framework can reduce cost because of no speed sensor. Simulation is developed by using the Matlab/Simulink software. Hardware is achieved by using the dSPACE DS1102 control board and our self-made interface circuits. The validity of the proposed method is confirmed by experiment results.
 中文摘要………………………………………………………………………i英文摘要………………………………………………………………………ii誌謝……………………………………………………………………………iii目錄……………………………………………………………………………iv表目錄………………………………………………………………………vi圖目錄………………………………………………………………………vii符號總覽……………………………………………………………………xi第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………………11.1 研究動機………………………………………………………………11.2 研究目的………………………………………………………………21.3 內容大綱………………………………………………………………2第二章 同步磁阻馬達…………………………………………………………3 2.1 磁阻馬達產生扭矩原理………………………………………………3 2.2 同步磁阻馬達構造簡介………………………………………………3 2.3 同步磁阻馬達數學模式………………………………………………5 2.3.1 座標轉換……………………………………………………………5 2.3.2 理想數學模式………………………………………………………7第三章 磁阻馬達向量控制…………………………………………………10 3.1 簡介……………………………………………………………………10 3.2 控制策略………………………………………………………………10第四章 無感測向量控制……………………………………………………16 4.1 簡介……………………………………………………………………16 4.2 轉軸角/速度估測方法…………………………………………………16 4.3 離散擴展卡門濾波器…………………………………………………17 4.4 干擾轉矩觀測器………………………………………………………23第五章 空間向量脈寬調變原理……………………………………………26 5.1 簡介……………………………………………………………………26 5.2 電壓空間向量調變……………………………………………………26第六章 系統設計與軟體應用………………………………………………37 6.1 簡介……………………………………………………………………37 6.2硬體部分………………………………………………………………37 6.2.1 DS1102方塊圖………………………………………………………37 6.2.2 變頻器驅動電路……………………………………………………41 6.2.3 電流迴路偵測電路…………………………………………………44 6.3 軟體應用部分…………………………………………………………46 6.4 ControlDesk……………………………………………………………47 6.4.1 S-function……………………………………………………………48 6.5 TRACE…………………………………………………………………49第七章 模擬與實作結果……………………………………………………52第八章 結論…………………………………………………………………80參考文獻………………………………………………………………………81
 [1]T.J.E. Miller, A. Hutton, C. Cossar, and D.A. Staton, “Design of a synchronous reluctance motor drives”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 741-749, 1991.[2]M. Jovanovic, R.E. Betz and D. Platt, “Sensorless vector control for synchronous reluctance”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 342, pp. 346-354, Mar./Apr. 1998.[3]T. Mastsuo and T.A. Lipo, “Rotor position detection scheme for synchronous reluctance motor based on current measurements”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 31, pp. 860-868, July/Aug. 1995.[4]M. Schrodel and P. Weinmeier, “Sensorless control of reluctance machines at arbitrary operating conditions including standstill”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 225-231, Mar. 1994.[5]S. Yong, J.W. Choi and S.K. Sul, “Sensorless vector control of induction machine using high frequency current injection”, Conference Record of the 1994 IEEE Industry Applications, Vol. 1, pp. 503-508, 1994.[6]H.W. Park, S.H. Lee, T.H. Won, M.S. Kim and C.U. Kim, “Position sensorless speed control scheme for permanent magnet synchronous motor drives”, IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics Proceedings. ISIE 2001. Vol. 1, pp. 632-636, 2001.[7]R.E. Betz, R. Lagerquist and M. Jovanovic, “Control of synchronous reluctance motor”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 1110-1121, 1992.[8]T.J.E. Miller, Switched reluctance motors and their control, Oxford Science Publications, 1993.[9]P.C. Krause, Analysis of electric machinery, McGRAW-HILL, 1986.[10]A. Chiba and T. Fukao,“A closed loop control of super high speed reluctance motor for quick torque response”, Conference Record, IEEE-IAS Annual Meeting, Altanta, Oct. 1987.[11]T. Senjyu, T. Shingaki and K. Uezato, “Sensorless vector control of synchronous reluctance motors with disturbance torque observer”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 402-407, April 2001.[12]M. Tamaoki, M. Tomita, Z. Chen, S. Doki and S. Okuma, “Position and velocity control of sensorless synchronous reluctance motor using disturbance observer based on high frequency current”, Proceedings of the Power Conversion Conference, PCC-Osada 2002. Vol. 2, pp. 695-698, 2002.[13]T. Senjyu, K. Kinjo, N. Urasaki and K. Uezato, “High efficiency control of synchronous reluctance motors using extended Kalman filter”, 2002 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology , Vol. 1, pp. 252-257, 2002.[14]T. Senjyu, K. Kinjo, N. Urasaki, and K. Uezato, “Sensorless control of synchronous reluctance motors considering the stator iron loss with Extended kalman filter”, IEEE Power Electronics Specialist Annual Conference, Vol. 1, pp. 403-408, June 2003.[15]Z. Chen, M. Tomita, S. Doki and S. Okuma, “An adaptive sliding observer for sensorless control of synchronous motors”, Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Control Applications, pp. 738-743, 2001.[16]S. Bolognani, R. Oboe, and M. Zigliotto,“Sensorless Full-Digital PMSM drive with EKF estimation of speed and rotor position”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 184-191, 1999.[17]F.J. Lin, “Robust speed-controlled induction motor drive using EKF and RLS estimators”, IEE Proceedings-Electric Power Applications, Vol. 143, No. 3, pp. 788- 793, May 1996.[18]T. Bozo, J. Martin, “Design and implementation of the extended kalman filter for the speed and rotor position estimation of brushless DC motor”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 48, No. 6, pp. 1065-1073, 2001.[19]Y.R. Kim, S.K. Sul, M.H. Park,“Speed sensorless vector control of induction motor using extended kalman filter”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 30, No. 5, pp. 1225-1233, 1994.[20]韓曾晉編著“適應控制系統”，科技圖書股份有限公司，民國八十一年。[21]H. W. Van der Broeck, H.C. Skudelny, and G. V. Stanke,“Analysis and realization of a pulsewidth modulator based on voltage space vectors,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 142-150, Jan./Feb. 1988.[22]郭信賢，含適應估測器之同步磁阻馬達無感測控制，國立雲林科技大學，碩士論文，2003。[23]宋茂全，無感測器同步磁阻馬達向量控制，國立雲林科技大學，碩士論文，1999。[24]DS1102 User’s Guide,“Floating-Point Controller Board”,dSPACE, Hardware Reference.[25]蔡坤隍，以空間向量脈寬調變為基礎的同步式磁阻馬達之速度控制，國立雲林科技大學，碩士論文，1998.[26]ControlDesk User,“Control Experiment Guide”, dSPACE, 2001.[27]MATLAB, Simulink：Writing S-function Reference Guide, Version 3.0, Math Works, Massachusetts, 1997.[28]DS1102 User’s Guide,“Software Environment”, dSPACE, Reference Guide.[29]User’s Guide,“Real-Time TRACE Module”, dSPACE, Reference Guide.
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 1 無感測器磁阻馬達向量控制 2 以空間向量脈寬調變為基礎的同步式磁阻馬達之速度控制 3 含適應估測器之同步磁阻馬達無感測向量控制 4 無轉子位置感測器直流無刷馬達驅動器之研製 5 實現永磁輔助同步磁阻馬達 6 以磁場導向控制為基礎設計順滑模態控制器之無感測器三相直流無刷馬達電氣角度估測 7 銅轉子磁場導向參數調整應用於感應電動機驅動控制 8 無電流感測器之同步磁阻馬達積分可變結構控制器的實現

 1 4、李文瑞、曹為忠、陳弘林，民89，我國積體電路廠商策略聯盟與績效關係之研究，企業管理學報，第四十六期，頁154-155。 2 6、邱柏松，民85，國際策略聯盟-在國內的現況與績效，經濟情勢暨評論季刊，第二卷，第三期，頁14-21。 3 [2]陳銘堯,“簡介脈衝雷射蒸鍍法”,物理雙月刊,15卷,5期,P669,1993

 1 具類神經網路補償之同步磁阻馬達滑模速度控制 2 同步磁阻馬達的灰色預測補償積分可變結構控制 3 同步磁阻馬達之性能分析及運動控制研究 4 同步磁阻電動機的新型切換法則及非線性控制器設計之研究 5 開關磁阻馬達之切換及速度控制改善研究 6 以DSP為基礎開關式磁阻馬達驅動與控制器之研製 7 碟型開關式磁阻馬達之研製 8 無轉軸偵測元件同步磁阻電動機直接轉矩控制驅動系統之研究 9 切換式磁阻馬達模糊滑動模式逆模速度控制 10 以三相功率模組建構具升壓及功因校正充電能力切換式磁阻馬達驅動系統之開發 11 切換磁阻馬達之低成本可變結構最短時間電流控制器 12 應用模糊直接轉矩控制理論於切換式磁阻馬達之速度控制 13 磁通鏈積分估測法偵測切換式磁阻馬達轉軸位置之研究 14 開關式磁阻馬達的設計與特性分析 15 蓄電池供電開關式磁阻馬達驅動系統之開發

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