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研究生:余玥林
研究生(外文):Yueh-Lin Yu
論文名稱:單車活動參與者的目標取向、社會支持和休閒型態對休閒效益的影響
論文名稱(外文):The effects of biker’s goal orientation, social support and leisure form on leisure benefit
指導教授:陳其昌陳其昌引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:休閒運動研究所碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:休閒效益社會支持休閒型態目標取向深度休閒特質
外文關鍵詞:Leisure benefitSocial supportSerious leisureLeisure frmGoal orientation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:224
  • 點閱點閱:2418
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:580
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:33
本研究目的有三:1、瞭解單車活動參與者,社會支援和休閒形態之間的關係;2、探討目標取向與休閒型態對休閒效益的影響;3、分析單車活動參與者的目標取向、社會支援和休閒形態對休閒效益的預測情形。本研究是以各大專院校92學年度以前入學,並且參與就讀學校所屬單車社的學生為研究對象,以「運動目標取向量表」、「深度休閒特質量表」、「社會支援行為量表」,以及「休閒效益量表」,為研究工具,所得資料以皮爾遜積差相關、階層迴歸分析與徑路分析分析進行各項考驗。本研究結果顯示:
1、不同社會支援類型與休閒型態特質的相關情形
社會支援類型與休閒型態之間具有顯著的正向關係,其中情緒支援與五種休閒型態特質均有顯著的正相關,訊息支援和社會整合均與休閒型態中的「堅持不懈」、「努力」、「認同感」,以及「獨特的精神與特質」呈現顯著的正相關,實質支援則與「堅持不懈」、「生涯性」、「認同感」,以及「獨特的精神與特質」呈現顯著的正相關。
2、工作取向、社會支援與休閒型態的仲介歷程對休閒效益的影響
以徑路分析瞭解工作取向、休閒型態和休閒效益三變項的關係,結果顯示休閒型態在工作取向與休閒效益的關係中,扮演「仲介變項」的角色,也就是說,工作取向必須透過休閒型態對休閒效益產生間接性的影響,但是工作取向對於休閒效益則沒有直接性的影響。
3、社會支援對休閒效益的影響
社會支援對於休閒型態同時具有直接影響效果,以及間接影響效果。另一方面,社會支援也會對休閒效益產生直接性的影響。
本研究並根據研究結果與發現,針對相關文獻及後續有關的研究,提出討論與建議。
The purposes of this study were: (1) to examine the relationship between social support and leisure form; (2) to explore the effects of goal orientation and leisure form on leisure benefit; and (3) to explore the forecast affection of goal orientation, social support, and leisure form on leisue benefit. There were 180 biker of University’s bike club served as participants of the study. “Task and Ego Orientation in sport Questionnaire”, “Serious Leisure Trait Questionnaire”, “Social Support Scale” and “Leisure Benefits Scale” were administered to the subjects. The collected data were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis, hierarchical regression analysis and path analysis. The results were as follows:
1. The relationship between social support type and leisure form.
There was positive correlation between spocial support type and leisure form. In addition, there emotion support were highly related to the five type of leisure form; information support and social Integration were highly related to persevere, career, effort and unique spirit; real support were highly related to persevere, career, identity and unique spirit.
2. The mediator effects of leisure form on the relationship between task l orientation and leisure benefit.
The result of path analysis indicated that leisure form played as an important mediator in terms of task orientation predicting leisure benefit.
3.The effects of social support on leisure benefit.
The result of path analysis indicated that social support had direct effects on leisure benefit. On the other hand, leisure form played as an important mediator in terms of social support predicting leisure benefit.
According to the results and discussion, the practical application and future research suggestions are provided.
目 錄
中文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
英文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
致謝……………………………………………………………………Ⅳ
目錄……………………………………………………………………Ⅴ
表目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅶ
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅷ
第一章� 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 8
第三節 研究問題� 9
第四節 名詞解釋 9
第二章� 文獻探討 12
第一節 休閒型態 12
第二節 目標取向 23
第三節 社會支援 32
第四節 休閒效益 42
第五節�研究假設 50

第三章 研究方法 51
第一節 研究架構 51
第二節 研究對象 52
第三節 研究工具 52
第四節 實施程式 59
第五節 資料處理 59
第四章 研究結果與討論 60
第一節 基本描述統計和簡單相關 60
第二節 社會支援與休閒型態之相關 61
第三節 目標取向與休閒型態對休閒效益的影響 63
第四節 目標取向、社會支援透過休閒型態影響休閒效益的因果模式 68
第五章 結論與建議 75
第一節 結論 75
第二節 建議 76
附錄一 大專單車社團休閒活動參與現況之調查問卷 92
附錄二 量表使用同意書 ……………………………………………99
表目錄
表2-3-1 社會支援行為的分類………………………………………35
表3-2-1 各校與者的人數分配………………………………………52
表3-3-1 深度休閒特質量表預試因素分析摘要表…………………55
表4-1-1 全體參與者在各變項的描述統計…………………………60
表4-2-1 單車活動參與者社會支援與休閒型態的簡單相關分析…61
表4-3-1 目標取向、休閒型態與休閒效益的簡單相關分析………63
表4-3-2 工作取向與休閒型態對心理效益的階層迴歸分析結果…64
表4-3-3 工作取向與休閒型態對生理效益的階層迴歸分析結果…65
表4-3-4 工作取向與休閒型態對社交效益的階層迴歸分析結果…66
表4-4-1 表4-4-1工作取向、社會支援、休閒型態與休閒效益
的簡單相關分析……………………………………………67
表4-4-2 目標取向和社會支援對休閒型態的迴歸分析摘要表…… 69
表4-4-3 工作取向、社會支援和休閒型態對休閒效益
的迴歸分析摘要表………………………………K………70
圖目錄
圖2-1-1 Nash的分類方式…………………………………………11
圖2-1-2 Neulinger的休閒分類方式……………………………12
圖2-1-3 Paker的分類方式………………………………………13
圖3-1-1 研究架構圖………………………………………………51
圖4-4-1 工作取向、社會支援透過休閒型態影響休閒效益
之徑路分析…………………………………………………72
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