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研究生:吳芷榕
研究生(外文):Chih Jung
論文名稱:分子模印高分子應用於呋喃甲醛之吸附及其感測特性研究
論文名稱(外文):The Application of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for Adsorption Furfural and Sensing Properties
指導教授:廖文城廖文城引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:工業化學與災害防治研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:ITO玻璃喃甲醛分子模印高分子
外文關鍵詞:indium-tinITOglassmolecularly imprinted polymersFurfural
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分子模印技術可以製備出具有與模板分子形狀相互補辨識位置之分子模印高分子。本研究以呋喃甲醛(Furfural)為模板分子、甲基丙烯酸(MAA)或N,N-二甲基丙烯胺(DMA)為功能性單體、乙二醇二甲基丙烯酸(EGDMA)為交聯劑,合成一系列之分子模印高分子。探討功能性單體、溶劑(乙晴,Acetontrile)及模板分子添加比例的改變對應用於固相萃取的影響。結果顯示,以DMA:EGDMA:Furfural:Acetontrile=50:100:10:100(mmole ratio)之配方可得最佳選擇吸附能力之模印高分子。
此外,將分子模印辨識層聚合於具導電性之ITO玻璃,探討響應時間及感測度,得到在濃度範圍5×10-3~1×10-5M內具良好線性關係之分子模印-呋喃甲醛感測元件。
Molecularly imprinted polymers can prepared the complementary binding site for a template by molecularly imprinting techniques. In this study , we used furfural as the template , Methacrylic acid (MAA)or N,N-dimethyl acrylamide (DMA ) as the functional monomer and Ethyl glycol dimethacrylate(EGDMA) as the cross-linker were prepared a series of Molecularly imprinted polymers.The results show that using DMA as the functional monomer(DMA:EGDMA:Furfural:Acetontrile=50:100:10:100 , mmole ratio) could make molecularly imprinted polymers have the best ability for adsorptive and selective . Furthermore , a thin layer of molecularly imprinted polymers was observed to form on the surface of electrically conductive indium-tin(ITO)glass. The response time and the sensitivity were investigated .The MIP-furfural sensing element has a well linear range from 5×10-3 to 1×10-5M.
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………………i
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………………ii
致謝……………………………………………………………………………...……iii
目錄………………………………………………………………………...………... iv
表目錄…………………………………………………………………………..……vii
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………….........viii
第一章 緒論 …………………………………………………………………………1
1-1 分子模印之簡介 …………………………………………………………1
1-2 分子模印高分子 …………………………………………………………1
1-2.1製作原理 ……………………………………………………………1
1-2.2製備方式 ……………………………………………………………4
1-2.3功能性單體 …………………………………………………………6
1-2.4架橋劑 ………………………………………………………………7
1-2.5溶劑 …………………………………………………………………8
1-3分子模印高分子的應用 ………………………………………………….9
1-3.1分子模印高分子於吸附分離上之應用及研究現況………………10
1-3.2分子模印高分子於感測領域之應用及研究現況…………………14
1-4呋喃甲醛之簡介………………………………………………………….21
1-4.1農業副產品…………………………………………………………21
1-4.2呋喃甲醛的危害……………………………………………………22
1-4.2呋喃甲醛濃度檢測對變壓器保養的重要性………………………22
1-5研究動機與目的.…………………………………………………………24
1-6研究架構.…………………………………………………………………25
第二章 實驗…………………………………………………………………………26
2-1實驗藥品及材料.…………………………………………………………26
2-2實驗儀器.…………………………………………………………………28
2-3實驗步驟與方法…………………………………………………………29
2-3.1分子模印高分子之固相萃取……………………………………...29
2-3.1.1玻璃的前處理 ……………………………………………29
2-3.1.2分子模印高分子薄膜之合成 ……………………………29
2-3.1.3吸附能力實驗 ……………………………………………32
2-3.1.4選擇性實驗 ………………………………………………33
2-3.1.5真實樣品之吸附實驗 ……………………………………34
2-3.2分子模印高分子應用於呋喃甲醛感測器之研究………………...35
2-3.2.1延伸式結構離子感測場效電晶體之簡介..………………35
2-3.2.2 EGFET工作模型及理論分析 …………………………...37
2-3.2.3呋喃甲醛感測器之應用 …………………………………40
2-3.2.4感測元件之封裝 …………………………………………41
2-3.2.5呋喃甲醛感測器之製備 …………………………………42
2-3.2.6呋喃甲醛感測器量測呋喃甲醛濃度之量測步驟 ………43
2-3.2.7量測呋喃甲醛類似物質濃度之量測步驟….…………….44
第三章 結果與討論………………………………………………………………..45
3-1分子膜印高分子之合成…………………………………………………....45
3-1.1功能性單體的添加比例對吸附效果及選擇性吸附效果的影響...47
3-1.2溶劑的添加對吸附效果及選擇性吸附效果的影響……………...56
3-1.3呋喃甲醛的添加比例對吸附效果及選擇性吸附效果的影響…...65
3-1-4真實樣品之吸附實驗……………………………………………...70
3-2 呋喃甲醛感測器…………………………………………………………...72
3-2.1 呋喃甲醛感測器之響應時間……………………………………..73
3-2.2 量測呋喃甲醛之電壓輸出結果…………………………………..74
3-2.3量測呋喃甲醛類似物質之電壓輸出結果……………………….. 79
3.2.4重現性之量測分析 ………………………………………………..83
第四章 結論…………………………………………………………………………85
參考文獻………………………..……………………………………..……………..87
口試委員問題之回答…………………………………………………………...…...93
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