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研究生:莊保慶
研究生(外文):CHUANG PAO CHING
論文名稱:聚矽氧烷系可燃模心材質之研究
指導教授:胡文華胡文華引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學中正理工學院
系所名稱:應用化學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:47
中文關鍵詞:矽氧烷可燃模心
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聚矽氧烷(Polysiloxane)在工業上之應用極廣,原料來源無虞匱乏,且其具有良好之化學與熱安定性、極低之玻璃轉化溫度與凝固點,尤其重要者為其分子結構中,其每一重覆單元中均含有一個氧原子,以之做為膠燃料,對提昇推進劑之燃速與使用壽限當能有極大助益。聚矽氧烷另具可在室溫熟化,且熟化時間短之特性,亦能縮短製程,有效降低飛彈發動機之生產成本。本研究開發一以聚矽氧烷為膠燃料之高燃速材質,並藉由田口實驗規劃法尋求可燃模心最適配方。實驗結果證實聚矽氧烷為膠合劑之推進劑燃速遠較HTPB之推進劑為高,其壓縮強度超過60 kg/cm2,此系統之燃速與機械性質滿足作為可燃模心材質之所需。
Polysiloxane has many advantages such as high chemical and thermal stabilities, low glass transition temperature and favorable oxygen balance. Therefore, it is suitable to be used as the binder in a composite propellant formulation. Furthermore, silicon shows its acceleration effect on the burning rate of AP/HTPB composite propellant. In this study, a new kind of fast burning propellant based on polysiloxane binder was developed. The curing behaviors, mechanical properties, thermal characteristics, and burning rate of this propellant were studied. From our results, it showed that the burning rates of these propellants based on polysiloxane binder are much higher than those of AP/HTPB composite propellants. Their compressive strengths are over 60 kg/cm2. The property profile, so far determined, tends to fulfill the demands for applications of casting combustible mandrel material for solid propellants with specific configurations.
目錄

誌謝 ii
摘要 iii
ABSTRACT iv
目錄 v
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
辭彙、符號說明和縮寫 x
1. 緒論 1
2. 文獻回顧 5
2.1 膠燃料的發展 5
2.2 矽橡膠在固體火箭發動機中的應用 6
2.2.1 矽橡膠使用作為固態推進劑的包覆層 6
2.2.2 矽橡膠作火箭發動機內絕熱層 6
2.2.3 矽橡膠作發動機噴管絕熱材料 7
2.3 聚矽氧烷熟化系統比較 7
2.4 有機矽化合物對燃速的影響 8
2.5 Alex鋁粉對組合推進劑性能的影響 9
2.6 PAP對組合推進劑性能的影響 10
2.7 老化壽限評估 11
3. 實驗 12
3.1 實驗藥品 12
3.2 實驗儀器 13
3.3 實驗步驟 13
3.3.1 藥漿的混拌 13
3.3.2 黏度的測定 14
3.3.3 機械性能的測試 14
3.3.4 燃速的測試 14
3.3.5 氧化劑的預處理程序 14
3.3.6 PAP製備 14
3.3.7 靜力試驗 15
4. 結果與討論 18
4.1不同成分對推進劑燃速的影響探討 18
4.2 AMEO包覆AP對於推進劑性能之影響 21
4.3 Alex鋁粉與PAP對推進劑性能的影響 26
4.3.1 Alex鋁粉對推進劑性能的影響 26
4.3.2 PAP對推進劑性能的影響 26
4.3.3 同時添加Alex鋁粉與PAP對推進劑性能的影響 31
4.4 老化實驗探討 31
4.5 抗壓強度測試 36
4.6 靜力測試結果 37
5. 結論 40
參考文獻 42
自傳 47
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