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研究生:曾永年
研究生(外文):TzengYung-Nien
論文名稱:派系對公務人員社會閒散及組織承諾影響之探討--以台南縣鄉鎮市公所的實證研究
論文名稱(外文):The party influence on the social loafing and organizational commitment to officers, using thirty-one Country, Town and City Governments in Tainan County as a sample
指導教授:劉世南劉世南引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liou Shyh-Nan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:勞工研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:132
中文關鍵詞:派系地方派系LMX組織承諾社會閒散
外文關鍵詞:FactionLocal factionsLMXSocial loafingOrganizational commitment.
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:12
  • 點閱點閱:509
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:167
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:9
本論文主要在探討派系對公務人員社會閒散及組織承諾之影響,以領導者與部屬人際交換理論(LMX)為中介變項;派系以政黨傾向及地方派系作自我與機關首長的區分異同,研究探討與LMX、社會閒散、組織承諾之間的關係。本研究以台南縣31個鄉鎮市公所所有的公務人員為研究對象,實施問卷調查,總計發出問卷1422份,回收有效問卷784份,有效回收率為55.13﹪,研究結果發現:
一、性別、年齡、職務、官等、服務年資、地區與LMX有顯著差異。
二、服務年資與社會閒散有顯著差異。
三、年齡、官等、服務年資、教育程度地區與組織承諾有顯著差異。
四、政黨傾向與LMX、組織承諾、社會閒散呈顯著正相關。
五、政黨區分(同政黨、不同政黨、無政黨)、地方派系區分(同地方派系、不同地方派系、無地方派系)與LMX、組織承諾有顯著負相關。
六、LMX與社會閒散呈顯著負相關。
七、LMX與組織承諾呈顯著正相關。
八、社會閒散與組織承諾呈顯著的負相關。
九、政黨傾向(泛藍、泛綠)、LMX對社會閒散有顯著直接的影響。
十、政黨、地方派系區分透過LMX的中介對組織承諾、社會閒散有顯著的影響。
本研究重要貢獻為證實地方公務人員與民選鄉鎮市長之間因選舉因素,存有派系情結。尤其在政黨、地方派系區分,透過LMX的中介對公務人員的社會閒散及組織承諾有顯著影響,表示LMX是一中介變項,鄉鎮市長可藉由LMX的中介效應改善、降低公務人員的社會閒散及提昇組織承諾。
This essay mainly probes the parties which influence the social loafing and organizational commitment to officers. The factions distinguish the trend of the parties from the local factions, and it is a mediator between leader-member exchange theory(LMX)in order to discuss the relation among factions, LMX, social loafing and organizational commitment. The study used all employees of Tainan County which includes thirty-one Country, Town and City Governments as a sample. After I make a questionnaire, the total items are one thousand four hundred and twenty-two which are sent out. The questionnaire which is brought back is seven hundred and eighty-four items, and the effective returnable rate is fifty-five point one three percent. The result of the research finds out the facts:
1、There are obvious differences among sex, age, official duties, formal title of an officer, the age of service, local and LMX .
2、There is an evident difference between the age of service and social loafing .
3、There are entirely distinct form age, formal title of an officer, the age of service the area of educational degree and organizational commitment .
4、There are significantly positive related to the trend of the parties, LMX, organizational commitment and social loafing .
5、There are evidently negative related to the distinction of the parties ,the distinction of the local factions and LMX .
6、There are clearly negative related to LMX and social loafing .
7、There are obviously positive related to LMX and organizational .
8、There are evidently negative related to social loafing and organizational commitment.
9、Through the LMX theory, the favor of parties for the group-members has directly influenced the social loafing.
10、There is an evident influence to the different classifications of the factions which pass through a mediator of LMX to organizational commitment and social loafing .
The conflicts between the local government officials and the mayors who belong to different parties or local factions have greatly influenced the social loafing and organizational commitment. The research makes a focus on that the mayors do improve the social loafing among the group-members and furthermore, upgrade the organizational commitment through the mediator of LMX.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機….…………………………….…………………….…….….1
第二節 研究目的.………………………………………………………………4
第三節 研究流程……………………………………………………….………5
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 派系概念及理論…………………………………………..………..….6
第二節 社會閒散……………………………………………………………....23
第三節 組織承諾………………………………………………………………30
第四節 LMX理論………………………………………….……………..…...35
第五節 華人關係理論探討………………………………………………....…45
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構………………………………………………………………53
第二節 研究假設…………………………………………………………..…..55
第三節 研究設計………………………………………….……………….….58
第四節 研究衡量工具………………………………………………………...62
第五節 節資料分析方法………………………..…………………………….65
第六節 問卷施測流程…………………………………….……………..…....67
第四章 研究結果分析
第一節 描述性統計分析…………………………………………………..…71
第二節 因素、效度分析…………………………………………………..…77
第三節 差異分析……………………………………………………………..79
第四節 相關分析………………………………………………………….….98
第五節 徑路分析 …………………………………………………………..102
第五章 研究結論與建議
第一節 研究發現…………………………………………………………....107
第二節 研究結果………………….………………………….…………..…114
第三節 研究限制………………………………………………………..…..118
第四節 研究建議…………………………………………………………....119
參考文獻
中文部份…………………………………………………………………….…...122
英文部份…………………………………………………………………….…...125

附 錄
問卷…………………………………………………………..……………….…130
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