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研究生:李盈興
研究生(外文):Yingshing LI
論文名稱:詞頻對閩南語音節連併的影響
論文名稱(外文):Lexical frequency effects in Taiwan Southern Min slyyable contraction
指導教授:麥傑麥傑引用關係
指導教授(外文):James Myers
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:語言學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:詞頻閩南語音節連併
外文關鍵詞:Lexical frequencyTaiwan Southern Mintaiwansyllable contraction
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Abstract
This study uses Taiwan Southern Min syllable contraction to provide evidence in support of the exemplar model (Bybee, 2000a, 2000b, 2002; Kirchner, forthcoming; Pierrehumbert, 2001, 2002, 2003) claiming that gradient phonetic lenition varying with lexical frequency is evaluated in the probabilistic choice of the appropriate token from the mental lexicon. This study consists of a set of three experiments and an application of the Gradual Learning Algorithm (Boersma, 1998; Boersma & Hayes, 2001). There are four important findings from the present study: (1) Syllable contraction is a phonetically gradient process which positively correlates with lexical frequency. (2) lexical frequency can predict syllable contraction independently of other production factors, such as lexical access and speaking rate. (3) Frequency and familiarity of contracted forms contribute greatly to syllable contraction, as opposed to frequency and familiarity of full forms. (4) Contraction variability and frequency effects might be modeled via the stochastic appraisal of mental grammar.
Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Introduction…………………………...……………………………..... 1
1.1 Taiwan Southern Min syllable contraction…………………………… 2
1.2 Theoretic background………………………………………………….. 8
1.3 Outline of the study…………………………………………………….. 14


Chapter 2. Experiment 1: Frequency effect on gradient contraction………….. 16
2.1 Participants……………………………………………………………... 17
2.2 Method………………………………………………………………….. 17
2.2.1 Materials……………………………………………………. 17
2.2.2 Design and procedure……………………………………… 18
2.2.3 Measurement criteria……………………………………… 19
2.3 Regression analyses and results……………………………………….. 20
2.4 Discussion……………………………………………………………….. 24


Chapter 3. Experiment 2: Underlying vs. surface frequency on lexical access of contracted forms…………………………………………………... 26
3.1 Participants……………………………………………………………... 27
3.2 Method………………………………………………………………….. 27
3.2.1 Materials……………………………………………………. 27
3.2.2 Design and procedure……………………………………… 28
3.2.3 Measurement criteria……………………………………… 29
3.3 Regression analyses and results……………………………………….. 29
3.4 Discussion……………………………………………………………….. 31


Chapter 4. Experiment 3: Subjective frequency estimates……………………... 33
4.1 Participants……………………………………………………………... 34
4.2 Method………………………………………………………………….. 35
4.2.1 Materials……………………………………………………. 35
4.2.2 Design and procedure……………………………………… 35
4.2.3 Measurement criteria……………………………………… 36
4.3 Regression analyses and results……………………………………….. 36
4.3.1 Data of Experiment 1………………………………………. 36
4.3.2 Data of Experiment 2………………………………………. 41
4.4 Discussion……………………………………………………………….. 42


Chapter 5. Modeling variation in Taiwan Southern Min syllable contraction... 44
5.1 Principles of Taiwan Southern Min syllable contraction……………. 45
5.2 OT constraints for Taiwan Southern Min syllable contraction........... 52
5.3 Application of GLA.................................................................................. 63
5.3.1 Data of full contraction.......................................................... 63
5.3.2 Data of partial contraction.................................................... 68
5.4 Discussion.................................................................................................. 71


Chapter 6. Conclusion.............................................................................................. 72
6.1 Summary................................................................................................... 72
6.2 Future research........................................................................................ 74


References………………………………………………………………………… 77


Appendix 1……………………………………………………………………….. 82
Appendix 2……………………………………………………………………….. 86
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