(3.210.184.142) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/13 18:07
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳勁豪
研究生(外文):Ching Hao Chen
論文名稱:壓電能量汲取系統的實驗評估
論文名稱(外文):Experimental Investigation of Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System
指導教授:羅正忠羅正忠引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:機械工程研究所碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:壓電能量汲取系統整塊壓電材料與指叉式電極複合元件壓電纖維複合材料
外文關鍵詞:power harvestingpiezoelectricmonolithic piezoelectric with interdigitated electrodes compositeMacro-fiber composite
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:165
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
能量汲取即是將週遭的能量取得並將其轉換成可用的電能。壓電材料為一機電偶合材料,可對其施加機械應變能量使其轉換成電能,反之對其施加電位能可使其轉換成機械應變能。而利用壓電材料將週遭系統的振動能量轉換成電能即為壓電能量汲取系統。
本論文的目的是為了瞭解壓電能量汲取系統的特性。基於上述的目標,將研究的課題區分為以下部分:1. 壓電電能特性及特性預測、2. 設計壓電能量汲取系統參數、3. 壓電能量汲取系統結構設計以及4.以實驗量測的方法,觀察及探討當壓電能量汲取系統的參數(1) 施力強度、(2)壓電元件黏貼位置、(3)壓電元件型式(傳統壓電元件、整塊壓電材料與指叉式電極複合元件以及壓電纖維複合材料)以及(4)施力模型(單一頻率簡諧力與隨機頻率力)改變時,對其特性(轉換電壓、電流、功率)的影響
The process of acquiring the energy surrounding a system and converting it into usable electrical energy is termed power harvesting. Piezoelectric materials have a crystalline structure that provides term with the ability to transform mechanical strain energy into electrical charge, vice versa, to convert an applied electrical potential into mechanical strain. The use of piezoelectric materials to capitalize on ambient vibrations surrounding a system is one method that calls the piezoelectric power harvesting.
The purpose of this thesis is to make a study of characteristics of piezoelectric power harvesting. Points of this thesis are: analyzing and forecasting of characteristics of the piezoelectric materials electric power, design the parameters of piezoelectric power harvesting, design the structure of piezoelectric power harvesting and observe the influence of the parameters: (1). Apply force range, (2). The site of the structure that piezoelectric element plaster, (3). The type of piezoelectric element (monolithic piezoelectric with tradition electrode composite, interdigitated electrodes and monolithic piezoelectric composite and Macro-fiber composite), (4). Apply force model (harmonic oscillations and random noise) on the characteristic of piezoelectric energy harvesting system (transformable voltage, current and power) by experimental measurement.
中文摘要 iv
英文摘要 v
誌謝 vi
目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xii
符號說明 xiv

第一章 緒論
1.1研究背景 1
1.2壓電性質 5
1.3國內外研究情況 8
1.3.1壓電材料能量轉換效率的研究 9
1.3.2電能的儲存與電路的研究 11
1.3.3壓電材料所產生電能應用的研究 11
1.4研究動機 13
1.5研究方法 13
第二章 壓電能量汲取系統設計與分析
2.1基本壓電電能特性分析 15
2.2設計壓電能量汲取系統參數 19
2.3壓電能量汲取系統結構設計 20
第三章 結構模態實驗量測與分析
3.1壓電平板結構的結構動態特性實驗量測 23
3.2壓電平板動態特性對壓電元件電能轉換的影響 29
第四章 壓電能量汲取系統參數實驗量測
4.1施加外力的大小 32
4.2壓電元件黏貼位置 36
4.3壓電元件型式 37
4.3.1三種壓電元件電壓量測 38
4.3.2三種壓電元件電流量測 40
4.3.3三種壓電元件輸出功率分析 48
4.3.4三種壓電元件輸出功率轉換實驗量測 49
4.4振動輸入模型 53
第五章 結論與未來工作
5.1結論 60
5.2未來工作 61
參考文獻 62
參考文獻

[1]Roundy, Shad., Wright, Paul K. and Rabaey, Jan, 2003, “A Study of Low Level Vibrations as a Power Source for Wireless Sensor Nodes”, Computer Communications, 26, pp. 1131-1144.
[2]www.smart-material.com
[3]Umeda, M., Nakamura, K. and Ueha, S., 1996, "Analysis of the Transformation of Mechanical Impact Energy to Electrical Energy Using a Piezoelectric Vibrator", Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 35, Part 1, No. 5B, May, pp. 3267-3273.
[4]Goldfard, M. and Jones, L. D., 1999 “On the Efficiency of Electric Power Generation with Piezoelectric Ceramic,” ASME, Journal of Dynamic System, Measurement and Control, 121, pp. 566-571.
[5]Richards, Cecilia. D, Anderson Michael. J. and Bahr David. F., 2004. “Efficiency of energy conversion for devices containing a piezoelectric component,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 14, pp. 717-721.
[6]Kasyap, A., Lim, J., Johnson, D., Horowitz, S., Nishida, T., Ngo, K., Sheplak, M., and Cattafesta, L., 2002. "Energy Reclamation from a Vibrating Piezoceramic Composite Beam," Proceedings of 9th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, Orlando, FL.
[7]Sodano, Henry. A., Park, G., Leo, D. J. and Inman, D. J., 2003
[8]“Model of Piezoelectric Power Harvesting Beam,” Proceedings of ASME, Internation Mechanical Engineering Congress and Expo. pp. 345-354.
[9]Eggborn, Timothy 2003. “Analytical Models to Predict Power Harvesting with Piezoelectric Materials,” Master’s Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.
[10]Sodano, Henry A., Lloyd, J. and Daniel J. Inman , 2004, “An Experimental Comparison Between Several Active Composite Actuator for Power Generation,” Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5390, pp. 370-378.
[11]Kim, Sunghwan, Clark, William W. and Wang, Qing-Ming, 2003, “Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Using a Diaphragm Structure,” Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5055, pp. 307-318.
[12]Sodano, Henry A., Park, Gyuhae, Leo, Donald J. and Daniel J. Inman , 2003, “Use of Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Devices for Charging Batteries,” Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 5050, pp. 101-108.
[13]Xu, C., Akiyama, M., Nonaka, K. and Watanabe, T., 1998, " Electric Power Generation Characteristics of PZT Piezoelectric Ceramic," IEEE Transactions on Ulreasonic , Ferroelectronics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 1065-1070.
[14]Damianakis, M., Goethals, J., Kowtko, J. and Cornwell, P., 2004. “Enhancing Power Harvesting Using a Tuned Auxiliary Structure,” Los Alamos Dynamics Summer School Student Papers.
[15]Umeda, M., Nakamura, K. and Ueha, S., 1997, " Energy Storage Characteristic of a Piezo-Generator using Impact Induced Vibration ", Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 36, Part 1, May, pp. 3146-3151.
[16]Ottman, G. K., Hofmann, H., Bhatt, A. C., and Lesieutre, G. A., 2002, "Adaptive Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Circuit for Wireless, Remote Power Supply," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 669-676.
[17]Lesieutre, G. A., Ottman, G K. and Hofmann ,H. F., 2004 “Damping as a Result of Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, 269, pp.991-1001.
[18]Lefeure, E., Badel, A., Richard, C. and Guyomar, D., 2004, “High Performance Piezoelectric Vibration Energy Reclamation,” Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5390, pp.379-387.
[19]Ottman, Geffrey K., Hofmann, Heath F., and Lesieutre, George A. , 2003, “Optimized Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Circuit Using Step-Down Converter in Discontinuous Conduction Mode,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 696-703.
[20]Kymissis, J., Kendall, C., Paradiso, J., Gershenfeld, N., 1998, "Parasitic Power Harvesting in Shoes," Second IEEE International Conference on Wearable Computing, pp. 132-139.
[21]Clark, W. and Ramsay, M. J., 2000. "Smart Material Transducers as Power Sources for MEMS Devices," International Symposium on Smart Structures and Microsystems, Hong Kong.
[22]Ramsay, Michael J. and Clark, William W., 2001, “Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting for BioMEMS Application,” Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.4332, pp. 429-438.
[23]Elvin, N. G., Elvin, A. A., and Spector, M., 2001, "A Self-Powered Mechanical Strain Energy Sensor," Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 10, pp. 293-299.
[24]Elvin, N. G., Elvin, A. A., and Spector, M., 2003, "A Self-powered Damage Detection Sensor," The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, 38(2), pp. 115-124.
[25] Qidwai, M. A., Thomas J. P., Kellogg, J C. and J. Baucom., 2004 “Energy Harvesting Concepts for Small Electric Unmanned Systems,” Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5387, pp.84-95.
[26]Starner, T., 1996, "Human-Powered Wearable Computing," IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 35, no 3-4, pp. 618-629.
[27]Gonzalez, J. L., Moll, F., and Rubio, A., 2001, "A Prospect on the use of Piezoelectric Effect to Supply Power to Wearable Electronic Devices," ICMR 2001, Akita, Japan, pp. 202-207.
[28]Onoda, Junjiro; Makihara, Kanjuro and Minesugi, Kenji, 2003, “Energy-Recycling Semi-Active Method for Vibration Suppression with Piezoelectric Transducer”, AIAA Paper, 2003-1869.
[29]Sodano, Henry A.; Daniel J. Inman and Park, Gyuhae, 2004, “A Review of Power Harvesting from Vibration Using Piezoelectric Materials,” The Shock and Vibration Digest, 36(3), pp. 197-205.
[30]Kim, Sunghwan 2002. “Low Power Energy Harvesting with Piezoelectric Generators”, Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
[31]Jaffe, B.; Cook, R.; Jaffe, H., 1971, Piezoelectric Ceramics, Academic Press, New York, NY, 1971.
[32]ANSI/IEEE Standard 177, Standard Definitions and Methods of Measurement for Piezoelectric Vibrators, 1966.
[33]ANSI/IEEE Standard 176-1987, Standard on Piezoelectricity, 1988.
[34]Brünahl Jürgen and Grishin, Alex M., 2002, “Piezoelectric Shear Mode Drop-on-Demand Inkjet Actuator”, Sensors and Actuators A, Vol.101, pp. 371-382.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔