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研究生:梁偉民
研究生(外文):Wei-Min Liang
論文名稱:多維溫度自動量測技術與資訊可視化轉換
論文名稱(外文):Automation of The Multi-dimensionalParameter Measurement and Visualizationof The Invisible Information
指導教授:張興政
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:自動控制工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:紅外線測溫陣列數據可視化多維感測陣列微米級缺陷分析
外文關鍵詞:Micro defect analysisIR sensor arrayInformation visualizationMulti-dimensional temperature measurement.
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本文根據紅外線測溫原理與影像鑲嵌技術,建立多維參數自動化量測系統,包含非接觸式多維感測陣列模組、微步進馬達驅動平台與整合控制、多功能人機介面之顯示與分析。系統可用來量測空間溫度場分布資訊,將抽象的環境參數具體化。多維感測探頭與分離式可擴充的陣列感測電路之彈性設計,使系統可根據不同的量測環境需求作變化。龐大的陣列量測資訊,以明確簡單的方式處理,以呈現出量測資料內容,使不可見之量測資訊可視化。連續影像的接合重建技術,可將各區域的陣列量測資訊連結起來,重現物體的形貌。多功能操作介面設計,簡化繁雜的設定,達到系統自動化檢測分析的目的。實驗證明,本系統用於毫米和微米級缺陷量測,具正確明顯的結果。本系統以多維參數量測有效改善單一感測的缺點,增進元件之解析度與功能性,使應用彈性變大,更可對不同量測需求進行硬體擴充以及視覺化顯示之軟體改善,本系統提供自動化監控以及多維與多元感測應用設計之新思維,可有效應用於生醫工程和工業安全領域之相關檢測與分析。
In the thesis, a multi-dimensional engineering parameter measurement system and its related automation techniques are developed. The system consists of some multi-dimensional non-contact sensing modules used to scan 2D surface or 3D space temperature field. To visualize the invisible environmental parameters is executed using multiaxial moving platform based-on infrared temperature measurement theory and image mosaic technology. The data of measurement results are huge that is processed precisely and simply. A human-machine interface is designed by integrating a serial port communication unit and a platform moved control unit. The sensing modules, driving power units and signal processing circuits are designed separately that can expand function flexibly for measuring different environmental requirement. The measured information can be visualized in well-defined way. And the complete temperature field can be reconstructed by mosaicking scanning images. To integrate the multi-dimensional sensing matrix hardware unit and the human-machine interface can form an automatic measurement system that operation is simple and effective for detecting and visualizing the processed temperature field. The sensing module has been improved the single value measurement with poor resolution problem by using traditional single sensing devices. The system can be applied in the field of biomedical and industry to detect multi-dimensional parameters with automatic visualization function that can increase environment safety and can save human resources.
目錄
誌謝……………………………………………………………………………………i
摘要……………………………………………………………………………………ii
Abstract………………………………………………………………………………iii
目錄……………………………………………………………………………………iv
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………………………vi
表目錄………………………………………………………………………………xiii
第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究動機與目的………………………………………………………………1
1.2 文獻回顧……………………………………………………………………2
1.3 研究流程與架構……………………………………………………………4
第二章 多維參數量測系統原理…………………………………………………6
2.1 非接觸式感測技術…………………………………………………………6
2.2 數據視覺化與系統重建……………………………………………………11
第三章 多維參數量測系統之設計與製作………………………………………15
3.1 感測電路設計與實現………………………………………………………15
3.1.1 非接觸溫度感測元件特性…………………………………………………15
3.1.2 感測電路設計………………………………………………………………15
3.1.3 感測電路特性曲線與校準…………………………………………………19
3.2 即時信號擷取與影像重建………………………………………20
3.2.1 量測數據可視化………………………………………20
3.2.2 影像接合點尋找與接合……………………………………………………23
3.3 實驗機構設計與製作……………………………………………………30
3.4 多維參數量測系統之整合操作………………………………………………33
3.4.1 應用軟體的評估與開發……………………………………………………33
3.4.2 多功能人機介面設計………………………………………………………34
3.4.3 系統整合與操作……………………………………………………………34
第四章 多維參數量測系統量測與分析………………………………………39
4.1 實驗設置與結果…………………………………………………………39
4.1.1 實驗設置……………………………………………………………………39
4.1.2 實驗結果……………………………………………………………………40
4.1.2.1 無缺陷量測結果…………………………………………………………40
4.1.2.2 孔洞量測結果……………………………………………………………41
4.1.2.3 凸痕與凹陷量測結果……………………………………………………47
4.1.2.4 非導體材料於導體上量測結果…………………………………………50
4.2 討論與分析…………………………………………………………………54
4.2.1 孔洞實驗分析…………………………………………………………………55
4.2.2 凸痕與凹陷實驗分析…………………………………………………………84
4.2.3 不同材質缺陷實驗分析………………………………………………………90
第五章 結論及建議………………………………………………………………97
5.1 結論…………………………………………………………………………97
5.2 未來展望……………………………………………………………………98
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………………99
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